You are at the section Science and Tech Birthdays a2z
Last Updated 11-30-2018
-- b.12/3/1838 d.10/28/1916 (77)Astronomer, WeathermanNames/Places: b. in New York CityMisc: father of the U.S. Weather Bureau, the first meterologist of its kind; it was later renamed the National Weather Service.
-- b.1/23/1840 d.1/14/1905 (64)Physicist, German
-- b.4/13/1851 d.3/7/1928 (76)SurgeonMisc: a pioneer radiologist
Charles Greeley Abbot
-- b.5/31/1872 d.12/17/1973 (101)Scientist, AstrophysicistMisc: Sun Constant
John Jacob Abel
-- b.5/19/1857 d.5/26/1938 (81)Chemist, Physician
-- b.8/5/1802 d.4/6/1829 (26)Mathematician, NorweiganMisc: a pioneer in the development of several branches of modern mathematics.
-- b.3/1/1927 d.10/7/1983 (56)Astronomer
Philip Hauge Abelson
-- b.4/27/1913 d.8/1/2004 (91)ChemistMisc: proposed the gas diffusion process for separating uranium-235 from uranium-238 and in collaboration with the U.S. physicist Edwin M. McMillan discovered the element neptunium.
-- b.11/27/1899 d.9/??/1980PsychiatristMisc: Exact death date unknown
-- b.6/9/1930 d.2/11/1985 (54)Aviator, BalloonistMisc: who, with three crew mates, made the first transpacific balloon flight and the longest nonstop balloon flight, in the "Double Eagle V."
Franz Karl Achard
-- b.4/28/1753 N.S. d.8/20/1821 N.S. (68)Inventor, Physicist, GermanMisc: discovered the production of sugar from sugar beets
-- b.4/20/1764 d.3/30/1834 (69)Inventor, Publisher, GermanMisc: of art
Frank E. Adair
-- b.4/9/1887 d.12/30/1981 (94)SurgeonMisc: had a 60 year career as a cancer specialist, and performed more than 17,000 operations and trained more than 6,000 surgeons.
-- b.8/16/1802 d.7/19/1883 (80)InventorMisc: Dower-driven press
John Couch Adams
-- b.6/5/1819 N.S. d.1/21/1892 N.S. (72)Astronomer, Mathematician, EnglishMisc: co-discoverer of Neptune
Richard Croxton Adams
-- b.??/??/1912 d.3/9/1988 (76)InventorMisc: paint rollers
Walter Sydney Adams
-- b.12/20/1876 d.5/11/1956 (79)AstronomerMisc: director of Mount Wilson
-- b.1/20/1910 d.1/3/1980 (69)Author, NaturalistMisc: Conservationalist; author of the best-selling book "Born Free," was killed in Northern Kenya by a servant in a wage dispute.Book Titles: Born Free
-- b.2/4/1841 d.3/5/1926 (85)Engineer, Inventor, FrenchMisc: was the first to fly a heavier-than-air craft
-- b.2/7/1870 N.S. d.5/28/1937 N.S. (67)Psychiatrist, Psychoanalyst, AustrianMisc: Inferiority Complex
-- b.12/17/1835 d.3/27/1910 (74)Zoologist
-- b.12/5/1822 d.6/27/1907 (84)Scientist, Educator, Swiss
Jean "Louis" Rodolphe Agassiz
-- b.5/28/1807 d.12/14/1873 (66)Author, Geologist, Naturalist, Educator, Swiss
-- b.3/28/1921 d.9/29/2013 (92)PhysicistMisc: helped develop the atom bomb
-- b.3/24/1494 d.11/21/1555 (61)Scientist, Geologist, GermanMisc: the father of science of mineralology & forefather of geology; b. 3-24-1490?
Howard H. Aiken
-- b.3/8/1900 d.3/14/1973 (73)Inventor, MathematicianMisc: digital mechanical computer calculator: The Mark I
-- b.12/31/1864 d.10/29/1951 (86)AstronomerMisc: specialized in the study of double stars, of which he discovered more than 3,000.
-- b.5/19/1864 d.11/17/1926 (62)Inventor, Naturalist, AmericanMisc: Curator; taxidermy method
-- b.??/??/1193 d.11/15/1280Philosopher, Scientist, TheologianMisc: or born in 1206
-- b.7/18/1935Surgeon, Figure Skater, Olympic AthleteMisc: 2-time world champion (1953,55), won Olympic silver (1952) and gold (1956) medals; became a surgeon.
William Foxwell Albright
-- b.5/24/1891 N.S. d.9/19/1971 N.S. (80)Scientist, Archaeologist, ScholarMisc: an expert on ceramics
Sir John Alcock
-- b.11/6/1892 d.12/18/1919 (27)Aviator, EnglishMisc: first non-stop flight across Atlantic Ocean; d. in crash
-- b.??/??/1598 or ??/??/1599 d.9/12/1687PioneerMisc: the last surviving Puritan who arrived in America on the Mayflower
-- b.7/10/1902 d.6/20/1958 (55)Chemist, GermanMisc: Nobel 1950; not to be confused with Kurt Adler
Edwin "Buzz" Aldrin Jr.
-- b.1/20/1930AstronautNames/Places: b. in Montclair, NJMisc: the second man to set foot on the moon on July 20, 1969.
-- b.4/5/1901 d.6/24/1968 (67)PhysicianMisc: known for her development of the first effective remedies for Haemophilus influenzae infection, as well as being one of the first scientists to identify and study antibiotic resistance.
-- b.10/11/1905 d.7/20/1985 (79)Author, Psychiatrist, Educator
Ernst Frederik Alexanderson
-- b.1/25/1878 d.5/14/1975 (97)Engineer, Inventor, SwedishMisc: 320 U.S. patents including radio, Color TV, etc.
Hannes Olof Gosta Alfvén
-- b.5/30/1908 N.S. d.4/2/1995 N.S. (86)Scientist, SwedishMisc: debunked The Big Bang theory
Arthur Augustus Allen
-- b.12/28/1885 d.1/17/1964 (78)Scientist, Ornithologist
-- b.5/10/1802 d.12/31/1889 (87)Engineer
Dr. John Allen
-- b.11/4/1810 d.3/8/1892 (81)Dentist, InventorMisc: Porcelain dentures
-- b.11/13/1900 d.9/15/1965 (64)Physicist
-- b.11/11/1897 d.10/9/1967 (69)Psychologist, EducatorMisc: developed an original theory of personality.
-- b.3/29/1906 d.5/10/1977 (71)Physician, Religious LeaderMisc: Mormon leader
Luis Walter Alvarez
-- b.6/13/1911 d.9/1/1988 (77)Physicist
Dr. Alois Alzheimer
-- b.6/14/1864 d.12/19/1915 (51)Physician, Psychiatrist, GermanMisc: founded disease named after him
Bruce N. Ames
-- b.12/16/1928Scientist, BiochemistMisc: cancer research
-- b.10/29/1908 d.11/3/1988 (80)Psychologist, Journalist, Columnist
-- b.3/26/1876 d.9/22/1965 (89)Engineer, German, SwissMisc: Lincoln Tunnel, Golden Gate Bridge, & other bridges
Amnesia Inventor Born
-- b.8/8/????InventorMisc: I forgot who
-- b.8/31/1663 N.S. d.10/11/1705 N.S. (42)Inventor, Physicist, FrenchMisc: scientific instruments, best known for his work on friction and temperature measurement.
-- b.1/22/1775 N.S. d.6/10/1836 N.S. (61)Scientist, Mathematician, Physicist, FrenchMisc: Electrodynamics father; electricity & magnetism; the ampere is named for him as a unit of electrical current
-- b.7/16/1872 d.6/18/1928 (55)Author, Explorer, NorweiganMisc: discovered the South Pole in 1911
-- b.10/17/1933Astronaut, ChineseMisc: Maj Gen, USAF/astronaut (Apollo 8)
Carl David Anderson
-- b.9/3/1905 d.1/11/1991 (85)PhysicistMisc: 1936 Nobel for his discovery of the positron
Maxie Leroy "Max" Anderson
-- b.9/10/1934 N.S. d.6/27/1983 N.S. (48)Aviator, BalloonistMisc: made the first transatlantic balloon flight
Philip W. Anderson
-- b.12/13/1923PhysicistMisc: won a Nobel Prize for his part in the development of advanced electronic circuitry.
-- b.4/9/1975 N.S.Chef, TV Hostess, Personality
Salomon Auguste Andree
-- b.10/18/1854 d.7/13/1897 (42)Balloonist, Explorer, SwedishMisc: ill-fated North Pole expedition 
Roy Chapman Andrews
-- b.1/26/1884 d.3/11/1960 (76)Author, Biologist, Explorer, Zoologist
-- b.12/19/1813 d.11/26/1885 (71)Chemist, Physicist, IrishMisc: who established the concepts of critical temperature and pressure and showed that a gas will pass into the liquid state, and vice versa, without any discontinuity, or abrupt change in physical properties.; He also proved that ozone is a form of oxygen.
-- b.3/26/1916 d.5/14/1995 (79)Biochemist
Anders Jonas Angstrom
-- b.8/13/1814 d.6/21/1874 (59)Astronomer, Physicist, SwedishMisc: founded specrtoscopy, the study of light wavelengths
William Arnold Anthony
-- b.11/17/1835 N.S. d.5/29/1908 N.S. (72)Engineer, PhysicistMisc: pioneer in the teaching of electrical engineering in the United States.
-- b.7/7/1909 d.8/7/1974 (65)Physician
-- b.??/??/265BC d.??/??/170BCMathematician, Greek
François Nicolas Appert
-- b.11/17/1749 d.6/1/1841 (91)Author, Chef, Chemist, Inventor, French
-- b.7/5/1811 d.4/22/1888 (76)PioneerMisc: Rancher
-- b.9/26/1774 N.S. d.3/18/1845 N.S. (70)PioneerNames/Places: RN:John Chapman; d. in Allen County, IndianaMisc: Planting appletrees
Sir Edward Appleton
-- b.9/6/1892 d.4/21/1965 (72)Physicist, EnglishMisc: discovered the ionosphere
Dominique François Jean Arago
-- b.2/26/1786 N.S. d.10/2/1853 N.S. (67)Astronomer, Physicist, FrenchMisc: who discovered the principle of the production of magnetism by rotation of a non magnetic conductor.
-- b.6/3/1929Biologist, Swiss
-- b.4/29/1667 Ju-1 d.2/27/1735 Ju-1 (67)Satirist, Physician, ScotishMisc: April 29 was the date he was baptised
Frederick S. Archer
-- b.??/??/1813 d.5/1/1857Inventor, EnglishMisc: Invented the photographic collodion process which preceded the modern gelatin emulson; no source has his date of birth; some say d. May 2
-- b.7/9/1911 d.4/13/2008 (96)Physicist
-- b.??/??/287BC d.??/??/212BCScientist, Mathematician, Physicist, Greek
-- b.12/27/1925Engineer, Politician, Government Official, Diplomat, Israeli
-- b.??/??/384BC d.3/7/322BCPhilosopher, Scientist, Greek, Gay
-- b.12/25/1909 d.4/21/1996 (86)EngineerNames/Places: NN: The Father of the Corvette
Sir Richard Arkwright
-- b.12/23/1732 d.8/3/1792 (59)Inventor
Edwin Howard Armstrong
-- b.12/18/1890 d.1/31/1954 (63)Engineer, InventorNames/Places: b. in New YorkMisc: the inventor of wide-band FM (frequency modulation) radio braodcasting
Neil Alden Armstrong
-- b.8/5/1930 d.8/25/2012 (82)AstronautNames/Places: b. in Wapakoneta, OHMisc: First Man on the Moon & to orbit Earth; 1st to walk on the moon 7-20-69 (Gemini 8/Apollo 11)
Harold DeForest Arnold
-- b.9/3/1883 d.7/10/1933 (49)PhysicistMisc: his research led to the development of long-distance telephony and radio communication.
Svante August Arrhenius
-- b.2/19/1859 d.10/2/1927 (68)Chemist, Physicist, Swedish
William Henry Ashley
-- b.3/26/1778 d.3/26/1838 (60)Explorer, Politician, Fur Trader
-- b.1/2/1920 d.4/6/1992 (72)Author, Biochemist, Jewish, RussianNames/Places: NN:The Father of modern science fictionMisc: wrote 467 Sci-fi & technical books; I Robot, Foundation Trilogy, Inside the Atom and The Human Brain to name someBook Titles: The Bicentennial Man, "I, Robot"
-- b.12/??/1778 N.S. d.3/20/1855 N.S.Inventor, EnglishMisc: Portland cement; born in December 1778?
Francis William Aston
-- b.9/1/1877 d.11/20/1945 (68)Chemist, Physicist, BritishMisc: Nobel 1922 for the spectrograph, a device that separates atoms or molecular fragments of different mass and measures those masses with remarkable accuracy.
-- b.9/17/1871 d.12/27/1895 (24)ExplorerMisc: Arctic
Dr. Robert Atkins
-- b.10/17/1930 d.4/17/2003 (72)Doctor, PhysicianMisc: best known for his Atkins Nutritional Approach, or Atkins Diet.
Sir David Attenborough
-- b.5/8/1926Author, Scientist, Naturalist, Environmentalist, TV Host, TV Producer, English
John James Audubon
-- b.4/26/1785 d.1/27/1851 (65)Painter, Author, Naturalist, Ornithologist, HaitianMisc: painted over 500 paintings of North American birds
-- b.11/5/1917 d.2/11/2000 (82)Aviatrix, French
-- b.10/11/1897 d.6/22/1965 (67)Author, Poet, Anthologist
Louis Winslow Austin
-- b.10/30/1867 d.6/27/1932 (64)PhysicistMisc: known for research on long-range radio transmissions.
-- b.10/4/1761 d.6/10/1821 (59)Settler, Merchant
Stephen Fuller Austin
-- b.11/3/1793 d.12/27/1836 (43)Pioneer, SettlerMisc: founded Austin, Texas
Count Amedeo Avogadro
-- b.8/9/1776 d.7/9/1856 (79)Chemist, Physicist, ItalianMisc: 6.022 x 10 ^ 23 (Avogadro's Law)
-- b.5/30/1912 d.12/29/2004 (92)Scientist
Francis Wayland Ayer
-- b.2/4/1848 d.3/5/1923 (75)Pioneer, IndustrialistMisc: of advertising
Hertha Marks Ayrton
-- b.4/28/1854 N.S. d.8/23/1923 N.S. (69)Engineer, Inventor, Mathematician, Physicist, English