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Abbe

Last Updated 11-06-2017

Cleveland Abbe -- b.12/3/1838 d.10/28/1916 (77)
Astronomer, Weatherman
Names/Places: b. in New York City
Misc: father of the U.S. Weather Bureau, the first meterologist of its kind; it was later renamed the National Weather Service.

Ernstt Abbe -- b.1/23/1840 d.1/14/1905 (64)
Physicist, German

Robert Abbe -- b.4/13/1851 d.3/7/1928 (76)
Surgeon
Misc: a pioneer radiologist

Charles Greeley Abbot -- b.5/31/1872 d.12/17/1973 (101)
Scientist, Astrophysicist
Misc: Sun Constant

John Jacob Abel -- b.5/19/1857 d.5/26/1938 (81)
Chemist, Physician

Niels Abel -- b.8/5/1802 d.4/6/1829 (26)
Mathematician, Norweigan
Misc: a pioneer in the development of several branches of modern mathematics.

George Abell -- b.3/1/1927 d.10/7/1983 (56)
Astronomer

Philip Hauge Abelson -- b.4/27/1913 d.8/1/2004 (91)
Chemist
Misc: proposed the gas diffusion process for separating uranium-235 from uranium-238 and in collaboration with the U.S. physicist Edwin M. McMillan discovered the element neptunium.

Harold Abramson -- b.11/27/1899 d.9/??/1980
Psychiatrist
Misc: Exact death date unknown

Ben Abruzzo -- b.6/9/1930 d.2/11/1985 (54)
Aviator, Balloonist
Misc: who, with three crew mates, made the first transpacific balloon flight and the longest nonstop balloon flight, in the "Double Eagle V."

Franz Karl Achard -- b.4/28/1753 d.8/20/1821 (68)
Inventor, Physicist, German
Misc: discovered the production of sugar from sugar beets

Joseph Ackermann -- b.4/20/1764 d.3/30/1834 (69)
Inventor, Publisher, German
Misc: of art

Frank E. Adair -- b.4/9/1887 d.12/30/1981 (94)
Surgeon
Misc: had a 60 year career as a cancer specialist, and performed more than 17,000 operations and trained more than 6,000 surgeons.

Isaac Adams -- b.8/16/1802 d.7/19/1883 (80)
Inventor
Misc: Dower-driven press

John Couch Adams -- b.6/5/1819 d.1/21/1892 (72)
Astronomer, English
Misc: co-discoverer of Neptune

Richard Croxton Adams -- b.??/??/1912 d.3/9/1988 (76)
Inventor
Misc: paint rollers

Walter Sydney Adams -- b.12/20/1876 d.5/11/1956 (79)
Astronomer
Misc: director of Mount Wilson

Joy Adamson -- b.1/20/1910 d.1/3/1980 (69)
Author, Naturalist
Misc: Conservationalist; author of the best-selling book "Born Free," was killed in Northern Kenya by a servant in a wage dispute.
Book Titles: Born Free

Clement Ader -- b.2/4/1841 d.3/5/1926 (85)
Engineer, Inventor, French
Misc: was the first to fly a heavier-than-air craft

Alfred Adler -- b.2/7/1870 d.5/28/1937 (67)
Psychiatrist, Psychoanalyst, Austrian
Misc: Inferiority Complex

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Alexander Agassiz -- b.12/17/1835 d.3/27/1910 (74)
Zoologist

Elizabeth Agassiz -- b.12/5/1822 d.6/27/1907 (84)
Scientist, Educator, Swiss

Jean "Louis" Rodolphe Agassiz -- b.5/28/1807 d.12/14/1873 (66)
Author, Geologist, Naturalist, Educator, Swiss

Harold Agnew -- b.3/28/1921 d.9/29/2013 (92)
Physicist
Misc: helped develop the atom bomb

Georgius Agricola -- b.3/24/1494 d.11/21/1555 (61)
Scientist, Geologist, German
Misc: the father of science of mineralology & forefather of geology; b. 3-24-1490?

Howard H. Aiken -- b.3/8/1900 d.3/14/1973 (73)
Inventor, Mathematician
Misc: digital mechanical computer calculator: The Mark I

Robert Aitken -- b.12/31/1864 d.10/29/1951 (86)
Astronomer
Misc: specialized in the study of double stars, of which he discovered more than 3,000.

Carl Akeley -- b.5/19/1864 d.11/17/1926 (62)
Inventor, Naturalist, American
Misc: Curator; taxidermy method

Albertus Magnus -- b.??/??/1193 d.11/15/1280
Philosopher, Scientist, Theologian
Misc: or born in 1206

Tenley Albright -- b.7/18/1935
Surgeon, Figure Skater, Olympic Athlete
Misc: 2-time world champion (1953,55), won Olympic silver (1952) and gold (1956) medals; became a surgeon.

William Foxwell Albright -- b.5/24/1891 d.9/20/1971 (80)
Scientist, Archaeologist

Sir John Alcock -- b.11/6/1892 d.12/18/1919 (27)
Aviator, English
Misc: first non-stop flight across Atlantic Ocean; d. in crash

John Alden -- b.??/??/1598 or ??/??/1599 d.9/12/1687
Pioneer
Misc: the last surviving Puritan who arrived in America on the Mayflower

Kurt Alder -- b.7/10/1902 d.6/20/1958 (55)
Chemist, German
Misc: Nobel 1950; not to be confused with Kurt Adler

Edwin "Buzz" Aldrin Jr. -- b.1/20/1930
Astronaut
Names/Places: b. in Montclair, NJ
Misc: the second man to set foot on the moon on July 20, 1969.

Hattie Alexander -- b.4/5/1901 d.6/24/1968 (67)
Physician
Misc: known for her development of the first effective remedies for Haemophilus influenzae infection,[1] as well as being one of the first scientists to identify and study antibiotic resistance.

Leo Alexander -- b.10/11/1905 d.7/20/1985 (79)
Author, Psychiatrist, Educator

Ernst Frederik Alexanderson -- b.1/25/1878 d.5/14/1975 (97)
Engineer, Inventor, Swedish
Misc: 320 U.S. patents including radio, Color TV, etc.

Hannes Olof Gosta Alfven -- b.5/30/1908 d.4/2/1995 (86)
Scientist, Swedish
Misc: debunked The Big Bang theory

Arthur Augustus Allen -- b.12/28/1885 d.1/17/1964 (78)
Scientist, Ornithologist

Horatio Allen -- b.5/10/1802 d.12/31/1889 (87)
Engineer

Dr. John Allen -- b.11/4/1810 d.3/8/1892 (81)
Dentist, Inventor
Misc: Porcelain dentures

Samuel Allison -- b.11/13/1900 d.9/15/1965 (64)
Physicist

Gordon Allport -- b.11/11/1897 d.10/9/1967 (69)
Psychologist, Educator
Misc: developed an original theory of personality.

Rulon Allred -- b.3/29/1906 d.5/10/1977 (71)
Physician, Religious Leader
Misc: Mormon leader

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Luis Walter Alvarez -- b.6/13/1911 d.9/1/1988 (77)
Physicist

Dr. Alois Alzheimer -- b.6/14/1864 d.12/19/1915 (51)
Physician, Psychiatrist, German
Misc: founded disease named after him

Bruce N. Ames -- b.12/16/1928
Scientist, Biochemist
Misc: cancer research

Louise Ames -- b.10/29/1908 d.11/3/1988 (80)
Psychologist, Journalist, Columnist

Othmar Ammann -- b.3/26/1876 d.9/22/1965 (89)
Engineer, German, Swiss
Misc: Lincoln Tunnel, Golden Gate Bridge, & other bridges

Amnesia Inventor Born -- b.8/8/????
Inventor
Misc: I forgot who

Guillaume Amontons -- b.8/31/1663 N.S. d.10/11/1705 N.S. (42)
Inventor, Physicist, French
Misc: scientific instruments, best known for his work on friction and temperature measurement.

Andre-Marie Ampere -- b.1/22/1775 d.6/10/1836 (61)
Scientist, Mathematician, Physicist, French
Misc: Electrodynamics father; electricity & magnetism; the ampere is named for him as a unit of electrical current

Roald Amundsen -- b.7/16/1872 d.6/18/1928 (55)
Author, Explorer, Norweigan
Misc: discovered the South Pole in 1911

William Anders -- b.10/17/1933
Astronaut, Chinese
Misc: Maj Gen, USAF/astronaut (Apollo 8)

Carl David Anderson -- b.9/3/1905 d.1/11/1991 (85)
Physicist
Misc: 1936 Nobel for his discovery of the positron

Maxie Leroy "Max" Anderson -- b.9/10/1934 d.6/27/1983 (48)
Aviator, Balloonist
Misc: made the first transatlantic balloon flight

Philip W. Anderson -- b.12/13/1923
Physicist
Misc: won a Nobel Prize for his part in the development of advanced electronic circuitry.

Sunny Anderson -- b.4/9/1975 N.S.
Chef, TV Hostess, Personality

Salomon Auguste Andree -- b.10/18/1854 d.7/13/1897 (42)
Balloonist, Explorer, Swedish
Misc: ill-fated North Pole expedition [1897]

Roy Chapman Andrews -- b.1/26/1884 d.3/11/1960 (76)
Author, Biologist, Explorer, Zoologist

Thomas Andrews -- b.12/19/1813 d.11/26/1885 (71)
Chemist, Physicist, Irish
Misc: who established the concepts of critical temperature and pressure and showed that a gas will pass into the liquid state, and vice versa, without any discontinuity, or abrupt change in physical properties.; He also proved that ozone is a form of oxygen.

Christian Anfinsen -- b.3/26/1916 d.5/14/1995 (79)
Biochemist

Anders Jonas Angstrom -- b.8/13/1814 d.6/21/1874 (59)
Astronomer, Physicist, Swedish
Misc: founded specrtoscopy, the study of light wavelengths

William Arnold Anthony -- b.11/17/1835 d.5/28/1908 (72)
Engineer, Physicist
Misc: pioneer in the teaching of electrical engineering in the United States.

Virginia Apgar -- b.7/7/1909 d.8/7/1974 (65)
Physician

Apollonius -- b.??/??/265BC d.??/??/170BC
Mathematician, Greek

François Nicolas Appert -- b.11/17/1749 d.6/1/1841 (91)
Author, Chef, Chemist, Inventor, French

Jesse Applegate -- b.7/5/1811 d.4/22/1888 (76)
Pioneer
Misc: Rancher

Johnny Appleseed -- b.9/26/1774 d.3/11/1847 (72)
Pioneer
Names/Places: RN:John Chapman; d. in Allen County, Indiana
Misc: Planting appletrees; d. in 1845?

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Sir Edward Appleton -- b.9/6/1892 d.4/21/1965 (72)
Physicist, English
Misc: discovered the ionosphere

Dominique François Jean Arago -- b.2/26/1786 d.10/2/1853 (67)
Astronomer, Physicist, French
Misc: who discovered the principle of the production of magnetism by rotation of a non magnetic conductor.

Werner Arber -- b.6/3/1929
Biologist, Swiss

John Arbuthnot -- b.4/29/1667 d.2/27/1745 (77)
Satirist, Physician, British

Frederick S. Archer -- b.??/??/1813 d.5/1/1857
Inventor, English
Misc: Invented the photographic collodion process which preceded the modern gelatin emulson; no source has his date of birth; some say d. May 2

John Archibald -- b.7/9/1911 d.4/13/2008 (96)
Physicist

Archimedes -- b.??/??/287BC d.??/??/212BC
Scientist, Mathematician, Physicist, Greek

Moshe Arens -- b.12/27/1925
Engineer, Politician, Government Official, Diplomat, Israeli

Aristotle -- b.??/??/384BC d.3/7/322BC
Philosopher, Scientist, Greek, Gay

Zora Arkus-Duntov -- b.12/25/1909 d.4/21/1996 (86)
Engineer
Names/Places: NN: The Father of the Corvette

Sir Richard Arkwright -- b.12/23/1732 d.8/3/1792 (59)
Inventor

Edwin Howard Armstrong -- b.12/18/1890 d.1/31/1954 (63)
Engineer, Inventor
Names/Places: b. in New York
Misc: the inventor of wide-band FM (frequency modulation) radio braodcasting

Neil Alden Armstrong -- b.8/5/1930 d.8/25/2012 (82)
Astronaut
Names/Places: b. in Wapakoneta, OH
Misc: First Man on the Moon & to orbit Earth; 1st to walk on the moon 7-20-69 (Gemini 8/Apollo 11)

Harold DeForest Arnold -- b.9/3/1883 d.7/10/1933 (49)
Physicist
Misc: his research led to the development of long-distance telephony and radio communication.

Svante August Arrhenius -- b.2/19/1859 d.10/2/1927 (68)
Chemist, Physicist, Swedish

William Henry Ashley -- b.3/26/1778 d.3/26/1838 (60)
Explorer, Politician, Fur Trader

Isaac Asimov -- b.1/2/1920 d.4/6/1992 (72)
Author, Biochemist, Jewish, Russian
Names/Places: NN:The Father of modern science fiction
Misc: wrote 467 Sci-fi & technical books; I Robot, Foundation Trilogy, Inside the Atom and The Human Brain to name some
Book Titles: The Bicentennial Man, "I, Robot"

Joseph Aspdin -- b.??/??/1779 d.3/20/1855
Inventor, English
Misc: Portland cement; born in December 1778?

Francis William Aston -- b.9/1/1877 d.11/20/1945 (68)
Chemist, Physicist, British
Misc: Nobel 1922 for the spectrograph, a device that separates atoms or molecular fragments of different mass and measures those masses with remarkable accuracy.

Eivind Astrup -- b.9/17/1871 d.12/27/1895 (24)
Explorer
Misc: Arctic

Dr. Robert Atkins -- b.10/17/1930 d.4/17/2003 (72)
Doctor, Physician
Misc: best known for his Atkins Nutritional Approach, or Atkins Diet.

Sir David Attenborough -- b.5/8/1926
Author, Scientist, Naturalist, Environmentalist, TV Host, TV Producer, English

John James Audubon -- b.4/26/1785 d.1/27/1851 (65)
Painter, Author, Naturalist, Ornithologist, Haitian
Misc: painted over 500 paintings of North American birds

Jacqueline Auriol -- b.11/5/1917 d.2/11/2000 (82)
Aviatrix, French

Joseph Auslander -- b.10/11/1897 d.6/22/1965 (67)
Author, Poet, Anthologist

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Louis Winslow Austin -- b.10/30/1867 d.6/27/1932 (64)
Physicist
Misc: known for research on long-range radio transmissions.

Moses Austin -- b.10/4/1761 d.6/10/1821 (59)
Settler, Merchant

Stephen Fuller Austin -- b.11/3/1793 d.12/27/1836 (43)
Pioneer, Settler
Misc: founded Austin, Texas

Count Amedeo Avogadro -- b.8/9/1776 d.7/9/1856 (79)
Chemist, Physicist, Italian
Misc: 6.022 x 10 ^ 23 (Avogadro's Law)

Julius Axelrod -- b.5/30/1912 d.12/29/2004 (92)
Scientist

Francis Wayland Ayer -- b.2/4/1848 d.3/5/1923 (75)
Pioneer, Industrialist
Misc: of advertising

Hertha Marks Ayrton -- b.4/28/1854 N.S. d.8/23/1923 N.S. (69)
Engineer, Inventor, Mathematician, Physicist, English

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