You are at the section Science and Tech Birthdays a2z
Last Updated 10-06-2018
-- b.3/24/1893 d.6/25/1960 (67)Astronomer, German
-- b.12/26/1792 d.10/18/1871 (78)Mathematician, Professor, EnglishMisc: invented the calculating machine, developed the first speedometer
-- b.7/26/1799 d.5/26/1862 (62)InventorMisc: of babbitt's metal for bearings.
-- b.1/24/1882 d.4/8/1968 (86)AstronomerMisc: with his son Horace Welcome Babcock invented (1951) the solar magnetograph, an instrument allowing detailed observation of the Sun's magnetic field.
Horace Welcome Babcock
-- b.9/13/1912 d.8/29/2003 (90)AstronomerMisc: who with his father, Harold Delos Babcock, invented the solar magnetograph.
-- b.10/22/1843 d.7/2/1931 (87)Agriculturalist, ChemistNames/Places: NN:The Father of Scientific Dairying
-- b.6/23/1936Author, AviatorBook Titles: Jonathan Livingston Seagull
-- b.7/19/1806 d.2/17/1867 (60)PhysicistNames/Places: Ben Franklin's great grandson
Sir George Back
-- b.11/6/1796 d.6/23/1878 (81)Explorer, BritishMisc: Arctic
-- b.12/3/1924 d.3/17/2007 (82)Inventor, Computer Software ProgrammerMisc: the Fortran computer language
Sir Francis Bacon
-- b.1/22/1561 J-LD d.4/9/1626 J-LD (65)Essayist, Philosopher, Scientist, Statesman, Attorney/Lawyer, English
Francis Thomas Bacon
-- b.12/21/1904 d.5/24/1992 (87)Engineer, EnglishMisc: developed the first practical hydrogen-oxygen fuel cells, which convert air and fuel directly into electricity through electrochemical processes.
-- b.??/??/1214 d.??/??/1294Philosopher, Scientist
Sir Douglas Robert Bader
-- b.2/10/1910 d.9/5/1982 (72)Aviator, British
Leo H. Baekeland
-- b.11/14/1863 d.2/23/1944 (80)Chemist, Belgiumese
-- b.2/3/1826 d.3/24/1877 (51)Sociologist, Editor, Economist, English
Sir Donald Coleman Bailey
-- b.9/15/1901 d.5/5/1985 (83)Engineer, BritishMisc: invented the Bailey bridge, which was of great military value in World War II.
Jean Sylvain Bailly
-- b.9/15/1736 N.S. d.11/12/1793 N.S. (57)Astronomer, Mayor, FrenchMisc: noted for his computation of an orbit for Halley's Comet (1759) and for his studies of the four satel lites of Jupiter then known.
-- b.4/28/1774 d.8/30/1844 (70)Astronomer, BritishMisc: describer of "Baily's Beads" during a solar eclipse
John Logie Baird
-- b.8/13/1888 d.6/14/1946 (57)Engineer, Inventor, ScotishMisc: a father of TV; the first man to televise pictures of objects in motion.
Sara Josephine Baker
-- b.11/15/1873 d.2/22/1945 (71)Physician
-- b.5/23/1725 d.10/1/1795 (70)Agriculturalist, EnglishMisc: cattle breeder
Antoine Jerome Balard
-- b.9/30/1802 d.3/30/1876 (73)Chemist, FrenchMisc: in 1826, he discovered the element bromine, determined its properties, and studied some of its compounds. Later he proved the presence of bromine in sea plants and animals.
-- b.10/23/1899 d.10/17/1973 (73)Aviator
Dr. Horace Baldwin
-- b.10/14/1895 d.10/27/1983 (88)Physician
Matthias W. Baldwin
-- b.12/10/1795 d.9/7/1866 (70)Inventor, Industrialist, PhilanthropistMisc: founded Baldwin Locomotive Works
-- b.6/30/1942Author, Naval Officer, Explorer, GeologistMisc: discovered the sunken Titanic in 1985
Johann Jakob Balmer
-- b.5/1/1825 d.3/12/1898 (72)Mathematician, Physicist, Swiss
-- b.3/7/1938Scientist, BiologistMisc: university administrator; Nobel laureate in Physiology of Medicine.
-- b.11/15/1778 d.12/3/1823 (45)Archaeologist, Explorer, ItalianNames/Places: aka The Great Belzoni
Adolph F. A. Bandelier
-- b.8/6/1840 d.3/18/1914 (73)Archaeologist
Sir Joseph Banks
-- b.2/13/1743 J-LD or 2/24/1743 N.S. d.6/19/1820 (77)Botanist, Explorer, Naturalist, EnglishMisc: a patron of the natural sciences
-- b.11/9/1731 d.10/9/1806 (74)Author, Astronomer, Inventor, MathematicianMisc: Clockmaker; almanacs
-- b.3/23/1929 N.S. d.3/3/2018 N.S. (88)Physician, Runner, Track and Field, EnglishMisc: first to run a mile in less than 4 minutes (3:59.4 on May 6, 1954); some say b. Mar 24 but incorrect
Sir Frederick Grant Banting
-- b.11/14/1891 d.2/21/1941 (49)Painter, Scientist, Doctor, Physician, Canadian
-- b.4/22/1876 d.4/8/1936 (59)Physician, Austrian
-- b.2/1/1716 d.3/30/1799 (83)Physician
Dr. John Bardeen
-- b.5/23/1908 d.1/30/1991 (82)Inventor, PhysicistMisc: co-developer of the transistor
-- b.6/7/1877 d.10/23/1944 (67)Physicist, BritishMisc: x-ray radiation
-- b.10/13/1776 d.3/1/1862 (85)Mathematician, EnglishMisc: Optician who invented two varieties of achromatic (non-colour-distorting) telescope lenses known as Barlow lenses.
Dr. Christiaan Neethling Barnard
-- b.11/8/1922 d.9/2/2001 (78)Surgeon, South AfricanMisc: performed the first known human heart transplant in 1967
Edward Emerson Barnard
-- b.12/16/1857 d.2/6/1923 (65)AstronomerMisc: discovered Jupiter's fifth satellite
Sir John Barrow
-- b.6/19/1764 d.11/23/1848 (84)Explorer, Traveler, EnglishMisc: founded the Royal Geographical Society
-- b.??/??/1795 d.7/25/1865 (70)Physician, BritishMisc: born between 1789-1799; born Margaret Ann Bulkley who disguised herself as a man to achieve a distinguished rank of an army surgeon
-- b.2/16/1821 d.11/25/1865 (44)Explorer, Geographer, GermanMisc: One of the great explorers of Africa, his most famous work is his "Travels and Discoveries in North and Central Africa."
-- b.8/13/1625 d.11/4/1698 (73)Mathematician, Physician, PhysicistMisc: discovered the optical phenomenon of double refraction
-- b.11/21/1729 J-LD or 12/2/1979 N.S. d.5/19/1795 (65)Revolutionary, Physician, Judge/Jurist, StatesmanMisc: Declaration of Independence signer
Robert Abram Bartlett
-- b.8/15/1875 d.4/28/1946 (70)Explorer
Clarissa Harlowe "Clara" Barton
-- b.12/25/1821 N.S. d.4/12/1912 N.S. (90)Nurse, Philanthropist, Social Reformer, HumanitarianNames/Places: b. in Oxford, MA; aka "The Angel of the Battlefield".Misc: American Red Cross Founder
Sir Derek H. Barton
-- b.9/8/1918 d.3/16/1998 (79)Chemist, EnglishMisc: Nobel 1969
-- b.3/23/1699 d.9/22/1777 (78)Scientist, Botanist, AmericanNames/Places: b. in Pennsylvania Colony; NN: The Father of American Botany
-- b.7/14/1862 d.6/18/1945 (82)GeologistMisc: the first American female geologist
-- b.9/25/1773 N.S. d.2/8/1856 N.S. (82)Bacteriologist, ItalianMisc: who anticipated the work of Louis Pasteur by 10 years in discovering that numerous diseases are caused by microorganisms.
-- b.9/17/1968 N.S.ChefTV Shows: MasterChef (judge, 2010-2013)
-- b.9/19/1960Writer, Chef, Restaurateur, PersonalityTV Shows: Iron Chef
Henry Walter Bates
-- b.2/8/1825 d.2/16/1892 (67)Explorer, Naturalist, British
-- b.2/25/1861 d.??/??/????Surgeon
-- b.5/9/1904 d.7/4/1980 (76)Author, Scientist, Anthropologist, BritishNames/Places: Margaret Mead's hubbyMisc: behavioral; studied schizophrenia
-- b.8/8/1861 d.2/8/1926 (64)Scientist, Biologist, BritishMisc: founded and named the science of genetics and whose experiments provided evidence basic to the modern understanding of heredity.
O. A. Battista
-- b.6/20/1917 d.10/3/1995 (78)Author, Scientist, Chemist, Canadian
-- b.6/25/1864 d.10/12/1899 (35)Explorer, Austrian
-- b.9/26/1854 d.7/30/1944 (89)Inventor, BusinesspersonMisc: Optical instruments developer including the microscope; chairman Bausch & Lomb Optical Co.
Trevor Graham Baylis
-- b.5/13/1937 N.S. d.3/5/2018 N.S. (80)Inventor, EnglishMisc: invented the wind-up radio
Sir William M. Bayliss
-- b.5/2/1860 d.8/27/1924 (64)Physiologist, British
Alfred Ely Beach
-- b.9/1/1826 d.1/1/1896 (69)Inventor, PublisherMisc: his "Scientific American" performed signal service in stimulating 19th-century technological innovations, and Beach himself invented a tunnelling shield and the pneumatic tube, among other devices.
George Wells Beadle
-- b.10/22/1903 d.6/9/1989 (85)Scientist, Biologist, GeneticistMisc: Nobel laureate, and president of the University of Chicago (1960-68), who helped found biochemical genetics when he showed that genes affect heredity by determining enzyme structure.
Alan L. Bean
-- b.3/15/1932 N.S. d.5/26/2018 N.S. (86)Painter, AstronautMisc: Apollo 12/Skylab 3
George M. Beard
-- b.5/8/1839 d.1/23/1883 (43)Scientist, Engineer, Physician
-- b.5/5/1903 d.1/23/1985 (81)Author, ChefMisc: Cooking expert
-- b.11/13/1896 d.12/26/1974 (78)Aviator, ChineseMisc: helped develop Boeing 747 airliner
Sir Francis Beaufort
-- b.5/27/1774 d.12/17/1857 (83)InventorMisc: invented the wind force scale to measure wind velocities from 0 (calm) to 12 (hurricane force)
-- b.11/21/1785 d.4/25/1853 (67)Physician, SurgeonMisc: studied digestion
Sir Charles Beazley
-- b.4/3/1868 d.??/??/1955Geographer, Historian, British
-- b.3/15/1738 N.S. d.11/28/1794 N.S. (56)Philosopher, Criminologist, Italian
James Pierson Beckworth
-- b.4/26/1798 N.S. or 4/26/1800 N.S. d.10/29/1866 N.S. (68) or 10/29/1867 N.S. (68)Explorer, Frontiersman, African
-- b.3/7/1788 d.1/18/1878 (89)Physicist, FrenchMisc: pioneer in the study of electric and luminescent phenomena
-- b.12/15/1852 d.8/25/1908 (55)Physicist, FrenchMisc: discovered radioactivity, Nobel 1903
Charles William Beebe
-- b.7/29/1877 d.6/4/1962 (84)Explorer, Ornithologist
-- b.1/30/1891 d.11/29/1950 (59)Aviator, BusinesspersonMisc: an American pioneer
-- b.1/4/1797 d.3/27/1850 (53)Astronomer, GermanMisc: amateur who helped to construct the first moon map.
Freidrich K. Beilstein
-- b.2/18/1838 d.10/18/1906 (68)Chemist
Norman Bel Geddes
-- b.4/27/1893 d.5/8/1958 (65)Architect, Designer, AeronauticalMisc: aerodynamics
Alexander Graham Bell
-- b.3/3/1847 d.8/2/1922 (75)Inventor, ScotishNames/Places: b. in EdinburghMisc: inventor of the telephone
-- b.12/8/1897 d.4/24/1987 (89)Novelist, Physician, EnglishMisc: best known for her numerous detective novels, in which poison and unusual methods of murder are prominent.
Robert Neelly Bellah
-- b.2/23/1927 d.7/30/2013 (86)Sociologist
-- b.4/20/1968 N.S.Chef, French
-- b.11/24/1922 d.3/23/1991 (68)Chef, ManufacturerMisc: Buffalo chicken wings maker
Pavel I. Belyayev
-- b.6/26/1925 d.1/10/1970 (44)Cosmonaut, RussianMisc: Voskhod 2
-- b.10/29/1920 d.8/2/2011 (90)Scientist, Venezuelan
-- b.12/12/1881 N.S. d.3/27/1945 N.S. (63)Inventor, Founder, IndustrialistMisc: Automobile self starter, Bendix Corp.
-- b.6/5/1887 d.9/17/1948 (61)Anthropologist
-- b.1/30/1941Author, Sci-fi Writer, AstrophysicistBook Titles: Galactic Center Saga (series)
-- b.10/25/1890 d.4/25/1928 (37)AviatorMisc: pioneer aviator who piloted the explorer Richard E. Byrd on the first successful flight over the North Pole on May 9, 1926. For this feat both Bennett and Byrd received the U.S. Congressional Medal of Honor.
-- b.4/15/1881 d.7/7/1960 (79)ScientistMisc: father of soil conservation
-- b.5/23/1809 d.5/19/1869 (59)Pioneer, Fur TraderMisc: Sante Fe Trail trading post
-- b.2/21/1859 d.10/13/1929 (70)Dentist
Karl Friedrich Benz
-- b.11/25/1844 d.4/4/1929 (84)Inventor, Manufacturer, GermanMisc: the first internal combustion-powered car builder, forerunner of the Mercedes Benz
Friedrich Karl Bergius
-- b.10/11/1884 d.3/30/1949 (64)Chemist, GermanMisc: succeeded in converting coal dust and hydrogen directly into gasoline and lubricating oils without isolating intermediate products.
-- b.5/20/1851 d.8/3/1929 (78)Inventor, GermanMisc: invented the microphone in 1877 & grammaphone in 1887; while Edison invented cylindrical records, Berliner came up with discs
-- b.7/12/1813 d.2/10/1878 (64)Physiologist, French
-- b.1/29/1700 Ju-1 or 2/8/1700 N.S. d.3/17/1782Philosopher, Scientist, Mathematician, Physicist, Dutch (Netherlands), SwissMisc: Hydrodynamics, calculus, theory of probability
-- b.12/27/1654 O.S. or 1/6/1655 N.S. d.8/16/1705 (50)Scientist, Mathematician, India, SwissNames/Places: aka James or Jacques BernoulliMisc: probability and calculus
Johann I Bernoulli
-- b.7/27/1667 O.S. or 8/6/1667 N.S. d.1/1/1748 N.S.Mathematician, SwissNames/Places: RFN:JeanMisc: investigated the then new mathematical calculus, which he applied to the measurement of curves, to differential equations, and to mechanical problems.
Johann Bernoulli II
-- b.5/18/1710 d.7/17/1790 (80)Mathematician, Swiss
Johann Bernoulli III
-- b.11/4/1744 N.S. d.7/13/1807 N.S. (62)Astronomer, Mathematician, Swiss
-- b.10/10/1687 O.S. or 10/21/1687 N.S. d.11/29/1759 N.S. (72)Mathematician, Swiss
-- b.12/9/1749 d.11/6/1822 (72)Chemist, French
-- b.4/24/1853 d.2/13/1914 (60)Scientist, Criminologist, FrenchMisc: devised the Crime ID system
-- b.4/23/1960Cookbook Writer, Chef, Brewer, TV/Movie Actress, TV Hostess, TV ProducerNames/Places: b. in Wilmington, DE; NN:America's cupcake; Eddie Van Halen's ex-Misc: Bertinelli wine; she was used to X-pose the X of 91X in 1987; former Jenny Craig spokesperson; the 19th Great-granddaughter to King Edward I of EnglandBook Titles: One Dish at a Time: DeliciousTV Shows: One Day At A Time (as Barbara Cooper-Royale), Sydney (as Sydney Kells), I'll Take Manhattan, Cafe Americain (as Holly Aldridge), Touched By An Angel (as Gloria 2001-03), Hot in Cleveland (as Melanie Moretti), Valerie's Home CookingMovie Titles: C*H*O*M*P*S
Jöns Jakob Berzelius
-- b.8/20/1779 N.S. d.8/7/1848 N.S. (68)Chemist, SwedishMisc: one of the founders of modern chemistry.; Noted for his determination of atomic weights, the development of modern chemical symbols and others.
Friedrich W. Bessel
-- b.7/22/1784 d.3/17/1846 (61)Astronomer, GermanMisc: measurer of distance to 61 Cygni
Sir Henry Bessemer
-- b.1/19/1813 d.3/15/1898 (85)Engineer, Inventor, BritishMisc: invented the Bessemer engine
Charles Herbert Best
-- b.2/27/1889 d.3/31/1978 (89)PhysiologistMisc: discovered insulin
Hans Albrecht Bethe
-- b.7/2/1906 d.3/6/2005 (98)Scientist, Physicist, GermanMisc: Nobel winner 1967; peace worker
-- b.3/3/1890 d.11/11/1939 (49)Physician, Canadian
-- b.8/28/1903 d.3/13/1990 (86)Scientist, Psychoanalyst, Psychologist, Austrian
Baron Marcel Bich
-- b.7/29/1914 d.5/30/1994 (79)Inventor, FrenchMisc: built his business empire by creating throwaway Bic pens, razors and lighters
Marie François Bichat
-- b.11/11/1771 d.7/22/1802 (30)Scientist, French
Mary Ann Bickerdyke
-- b.7/19/1817 d.11/8/1901 (84)Hero, NurseMisc: organizer and chief of nursing, hospital and welfare services for General Grant during the Civil War, improved the medical health of Union soldiers, born in Knox County, Ohio.
Sir George Biddellairy
-- b.7/27/1801 d.1/2/1892 (90)Astronomer, Mathematician, Physicist, British
-- b.8/5/1819 d.4/4/1900 (80)PioneerMisc: ran unsuccessfully for U.S. president in 1892 as the candidate of the Prohibition Party.
Erastus B. Bigelow
-- b.4/2/1814 d.12/6/1879 (65)Inventor, ManufacturerMisc: noted as the developer of the power carpet loom and as a founder of the Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT).
John Jeremiah Bigsby
-- b.8/14/1792 d.2/10/1881 (88)Geologist, Physician, EnglishMisc: studies of structure of underlying rock strata and uncovered many new prehistoric species of life
John Shaw Billings
-- b.4/12/1838 d.3/11/1913 (74)Librarian, Physician
-- b.7/8/1857 d.10/18/1911 (54)Psychologist, French
-- b.11/19/1875 d.6/6/1956 (80)Archaeologist, Explorer, StatesmanMisc: discoverer of the Inca city of Machu Picchu.
-- b.4/13/1881 d.2/5/1966 (84)Author, Psychiatrist, Swiss
-- b.12/9/1886 d.10/7/1956 (69)Inventor, BusinesspersonMisc: Deep Freezing food method; General Foods Corp. co-founder
-- b.8/17/1906 d.12/5/1998 (92)Inventor, Cosmetic ExecutiveMisc: non smear lipstick
John Michael Bishop
-- b.2/22/1936Scientist, Immunologist, Microbiologist, VirologistMisc: co-winner (with Harold Varmus) of the Nobel Prize for Physiology or Medicine in 1989 for achievements in clarifying the origins of cancer.
George H. Bissell
-- b.11/8/1821 d.11/19/1884 (63)PioneerMisc: founded the first american oil company
Melville Reuben Bissell
-- b.9/25/1843 d.3/15/1889 (45)InventorMisc: the carpet sweeper
-- b.7/25/1884 d.3/15/1934 (49)Scientist, Anthropologist, Canadian
Greene V. Black
-- b.8/3/1836 d.??/??/1915InventorMisc: Dental instruments
-- b.4/16/1728 d.12/6/1799 (71)Chemist, Physicist, French, Scotish
-- b.11/18/1897 d.7/13/1974 (76)Physicist, British
Reverend William Blackstone
-- b.3/5/1595 d.5/26/1675 (80)Settler, BritishMisc: the first settler in what is now Boston
-- b.2/3/1821 d.5/31/1910 (89)Author, Physician, EnglishMisc: First Female Doctor; the first woman to get an MD from a U.S. Medical school.
-- b.11/7/1874 d.9/2/1962 (87)Physicist
Eli Whitney Blake
-- b.1/27/1795 d.8/18/1886 (91)InventorMisc: known for his mortise lock and stone-crushing machine
-- b.5/3/1926 d.4/29/1993 (66)Author, Scientist
-- b.3/8/1902 d.5/5/1994 (92)Inventor, SurferMisc: the surf board
-- b.4/5/1899 d.9/15/1964 (65)Surgeon
-- b.7/4/1753 N.S. d.3/7/1809 N.S. (55)Balloonist, FrenchNames/Places: FMN:Jean-Pierre-Misc: made the first balloon flights in England and U.S.A.
-- b.6/24/1788 d.4/16/1864 (75)InventorMisc: Machine Tools
-- b.7/1/1872 d.8/2/1936 (64)Aviator, Engineer, Inventor, FrenchMisc: the first man to fly an airplane across English Channel
-- b.4/30/1857 d.7/15/1939 (82)Psychiatrist, SwissMisc: One of the most influential psychiatrists of his time, best known today for his introduction of the term schizophrenia to describe the disorder previously known as dementia praecox and for his studies of schizophrenics.
-- b.1/9/1925 d.11/25/2016 N.S. (91)Engineer, German
-- b.10/23/1905 d.9/10/1983 (77)Physicist, SwissMisc: nuclear physicist (Nobel 1952)
Konrad E. Bloch
-- b.1/21/1912 d.10/15/2000 (88)Scientist, GermanMisc: cholestrol research
Katharine Burr Blodgett
-- b.1/10/1898 d.10/12/1979 (81)PhysicistMisc: the first woman to be awarded a Ph.D. in Physics from University of Cambridge in 1926
-- b.3/11/1920 d.9/5/2017 N.S. (97)Physicist, Dutch (Netherlands)
-- b.8/28/1863 d.11/15/1938 (75)Physicist, FrenchMisc: the oscillograph and for developments in photometry.
-- b.6/15/1618 N.S. d.1/21/1686 N.S. (67)Soldier, Engineer, Diplomat, French
-- b.5/22/1946 d.2/28/1974 (27)Engineer, Music Producer, Songwriter, SingerSong Titles: Montego Bay
Guion S. Bluford Jr.
-- b.11/22/1942AstronautMisc: first black astronaut
-- b.7/28/1925 d.4/5/2011 (85)PhysicianMisc: whose discovery of an antigen that provokes antibody response against hepatitis B led to the development by other researchers of a successful vaccine against the disease.; He shared the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine in 1976 with D. Carleton Gajdusek
-- b.7/9/1858 d.12/22/1942 (84)Linguist, Scientist, Anthropologist, German
-- b.8/28/1867 d.9/12/1918 (51)Mathematician, Educator
-- b.2/11/1926 N.S. d.1/18/2018 N.S. (91)Chef, French
-- b.2/16/1740 N.S. d.11/29/1813 N.S. (73)Inventor, ItalianMisc: type face
-- b.12/31/1668 d.9/23/1738 (69)Scientist, Physician, Dutch (Netherlands)
-- b.3/14/1800 d.4/13/1874 (74)InventorMisc: cast-iron construction
Aage Neals Bohr
-- b.6/19/1922 d.9/7/2009 (87)Scientist, Danish (Denmark)Misc: atomic physicist
Niels Henrik David Bohr
-- b.10/7/1885 d.11/18/1962 (77)Physicist, Danish (Denmark)Names/Places: MN:Henrik DavidMisc: Atomic Structure; expanded quantum physics (Nobel 1922)
Bart J. Bok
-- b.4/28/1906 d.8/7/1983 (77)AstronomerMisc: Milky Way expert
-- b.8/19/1909 d.5/13/2013 (103)Psychoanalyst
-- b.7/27/1870 d.8/15/1927 (57)Chemist, Physicist
-- b.7/18/1934Poet, Screenwriter, Playwright, Theorist, Stage Director, EnglishMisc: stage: Saved; the author of some 50 plays
William Cranch Bond
-- b.9/9/1789 d.1/29/1859 (69)AstronomerMisc: who, with his son George Phillips Bond (1825-65), discovered Hyperion, the eighth satellite of Saturn, and an inner ring called Ring C, or the Crepe Ring.
-- b.12/4/1945 N.S.Astronaut, Canadian
Sir Hermann Bondi
-- b.11/1/1919 d.9/10/2005 (85)Cosmologist, Mathematician, AustrianMisc: who, with Fred Hoyle and Thomas Gold, formulated the steady-state theory of the universe.
Richard I Bong
-- b.9/24/1920 d.8/6/1945 (24)AviatorMisc: WW2 flying ace shot down 40 emeny planes in 3 years
John Storey Bonington
-- b.8/6/1934Explorer, EnglishMisc: of the UK who led the highest final stage in any wall climb when a British expedition climbed the south face of Annapurna I in 1970.
-- b.11/2/1815 d.12/8/1864 (49)Mathematician, IrishMisc: Boolean algebra
-- b.10/22/1734 O.S. or 11/2/1734 N.S. d.9/26/1820 (85)Explorer, Frontiersman, PioneerNames/Places: b. in Reading, PA; d. in MissouriMisc: November 2=N.S.; the raging fave of the mid 1950s; best remembered for helping to establish a passage through the Cumberland Gap in the Appalachian Mountains, opening the route to Kentucky and the west.
Thomas Joel Bopp
-- b.10/15/1949 N.S. d.1/5/2018 N.S. (68)AstronomerMisc: co-discoverer with Alan Hale (not the actor) of the comet Hale-Bopp
-- b.12/1/1864 d.4/21/1934 (69)Explorer, Naturalist, Norweigan
-- b.11/9/1801 d.1/11/1874 (72)Archaeologist, InventorMisc: A MALE; evaporated milk; a huge cattleman in Texas before and after the Texas rebellion against Mexico; He was also a newspaperman who created the famous slogan "Remember the Alamo."
-- b.6/13/1870 d.4/6/1961 (90)Bacteriologist, BelgiumeseMisc: immunity studies
Norman E. Borlaug
-- b.3/25/1914 N.S. d.9/12/2009 N.S. (95)Scientist, HumanitarianMisc: Agronomist; agriculture (Nobel 1970)
-- b.3/14/1928Astronaut, ExecutiveMisc: (Gemini 7/Apollo 8); Eastern airlines CEO
-- b.12/11/1882 d.1/5/1970 (87)Physicist, Jewish, GermanNames/Places: Olivia Newton-John's granddadMisc: quantum mechanics, Nobel 1954
-- b.8/27/1874 d.4/26/1940 (65)Chemist, GermanMisc: BASF, IG Farben, Nobel 1931
-- b.9/23/1861 d.3/9/1942 (80)Engineer, Industrialist, GermanMisc: invented the spark plug and magneto for automobiles
-- b.1/1/1894 d.2/4/1974 (80)Chemist, Mathematician, Physicist
-- b.10/26/1846 d.10/12/1912 (65)AstronomerMisc: star catalog compiler
-- b.11/18/1831 d.4/15/1911 (79)Physicist, Dutch (Netherlands)
-- b.1/8/1891 d.2/8/1957 (66)Physicist, GermanMisc: subatomic particle physicist (Nobel 1954)
JoHann Friedrich Böttger
-- b.2/4/1682 d.3/13/1719 (37)Chemist, German
-- b.11/12/1729 N.S. d.8/31/1811 N.S. (81)Navigator, French
-- b.2/16/1698 N.S. d.8/15/1758 N.S. (60)Astronomer, Mathematician, FrenchMisc: best remembered as one of the founders of photometry, the measurement of light intensities.
-- b.9/3/1728 d.8/17/1809 (80)Engineer, BritishMisc: manufacturer and engineer who financed and introduced James Watt's steam engine.
-- b.6/25/1956 N.S. d.6/8/2018 N.S. (61)Author, Chef, TV Host, PersonalityBook Titles: Kitchen Confidential: Adventures on the Culinary Underbelly (2000)TV Shows: No Reservations
Geoffrey (Howard) Bourne
-- b.11/17/1909 d.7/19/1988 (78)Anatomist, American, AustralianMisc: his studies of the mammalian adrenal gland made him a pioneer in the chemistry of cells and tissues (histochemistry).
-- b.6/27/1767 N.S. d.6/7/1843 N.S. (75)Astronomer, French
-- b.3/23/1907 d.4/8/1992 (85)Scientist, Pharmacologist, Swiss
-- b.3/26/1773 N.S. d.3/16/1838 N.S. (64)Author, Astronomer, Mathematician, AmericanMisc: credited as the founder of modern maritime navigaton; was also a polyglot; what is a polyglot? We'll, it's a parrot that's been run over by a truck!