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You are at the section Science and Tech Birthdays a2z


Last Updated 01-01-2020

Joe Valdez Caballero -- b.4/10/1908 d.5/12/1989 (81)
Misc: the hard taco shell.

John Cabot -- b.6/24/1450 d.??/??/1498 or ??/??/1499
Explorer, Navigator, Italian
Names/Places: RN:Giovanni Caboto

Richard C. Cabot -- b.5/21/1868 d.5/7/1939 (70)
Scientist, Engineer, Physician

Sebastian Cabot -- b.??/??/1474 or ??/??/1476 d.??/??/1557

Juan Rodríguez Cabrillo -- b.3/13/1499 J+CD d.1/3/1543 J+CD (43)
Explorer, Navigator, Spanish
Misc: discovered California

Antoine De La Mothe Caddillac -- b.3/5/1658 N.S. d.10/15/1730 N.S. (72)
Military Leader, Explorer, French
Misc: founded Detroit,MI

Louis-Paul Cailletet -- b.9/21/1832 N.S. d.1/5/1913 N.S. (80)
Inventor, Physicist, French
Misc: ironmaster, noted for his work on the liquefaction of gases.

René Caillié -- b.11/19/1799 d.5/17/1838 (38)
Explorer, French

Calamity Jane -- b.5/1/1852 d.8/1/1903 (51)
Hero, Adventurer, Frontiersman
Names/Places: RN:Martha Jane Canary Burke
Misc: Marksperson, Dance Hall Girl, Indian Fighter

Alexander Calder -- b.7/22/1898 d.11/11/1976 (78)
Painter, Sculptor, Inventor
Misc: Mobiles, Stabiles

Mary Calderone -- b.7/1/1904 d.10/24/1998 (94)
Physician, Founder
Misc: Planned Parenthood

Helen Caldicott -- b.8/7/1938
Author, Physician, Social Reformer, Australian
Misc: an anti-nuclear advocate who has founded several associations dedicated to opposing the use of nuclear power, depleted uranium munitions, nuclear weapons, nuclear weapons proliferation, war and military action in general.

Melvin Calvin -- b.4/8/1911 d.1/8/1997 (85)
Names/Places: NN:Mr. Photosynthesis

Verney Cameron -- b.7/1/1844 N.S. d.3/24/1894 N.S. (49)
Explorer, British

Angus Campbell -- b.8/10/1910 d.12/15/1980 (70)
Author, Psychologist, Sociologist, Professor

William W. Campbell -- b.4/11/1862 d.6/14/1938 (76)
Misc: Stellar Motions

Alexa Canady -- b.11/7/1950
Doctor, Neurosurgeon

Asa Griggs Candler -- b.12/30/1851 d.3/12/1929 (77)
Inventor, Mayor, Businessperson
Misc: founder Coca Cola Corp in 1873

Stanislao Cannizzaro -- b.7/13/1826 d.5/10/1910 (83)
Chemist, Sicilian

Dr. Annie Jump Cannon -- b.12/11/1863 d.4/13/1941 (77)
Author, Astronomer
Misc: stellar spectroscopist (Harvard-classification)

Georg Cantor -- b.3/3/1845 d.1/6/1918 (72)
Mathematician, German
Misc: discovered transfinite numbers

Moritz Benedikt Cantor -- b.8/23/1829 d.4/10/1920 (90)
Mathematician, Historian, German
Misc: a 19th century great

Joe Carcione -- b.10/31/1914 d.8/2/1988 (73)
Misc: The Green Grocer

Chester F. Carlson -- b.2/8/1906 d.9/19/1968 (62)
Misc: Xerography

Leonard Carmichael -- b.11/9/1898 d.9/16/1973 (74)
Psychologist, Educator
Misc: as secretary of the Smithsonian Institution from 1953 to 1964, was responsible for the modernization of the "nation's attic."

Wallace Carothers -- b.4/27/1896 d.4/29/1937 (41)
Chemist, Inventor
Misc: Synthetic rubber, nylon

Malcolm Scott Carpenter -- b.5/1/1925 d.10/10/2013 (88)
Misc: Second U.S. astronaut to make an orbital spaceflight. In "Aurora 7" he made the fourth Mercury flight, circling the Earth three times on May 24, 1962. He directed part of the flight by manual control.

Georges Carpentier -- b.1/12/1894 d.10/28/1975 (81)
Pilot, Actor, Boxer, French
Names/Places: PRON: Car-pont-yay
Misc: a world light-heavyweight champion (1920-22) and a European champion at four weight classes

Gerald Paul Carr -- b.8/22/1932
Hero, Aeronautical, Astronaut, Engineer
Names/Places: NN: Jerry

Alexis Carrel -- b.6/28/1873 d.11/5/1944 (71)
Scientist, Biologist, Surgeon, French

Willis Haviland Carrier -- b.11/26/1876 d.10/7/1950 (73)
Misc: the first practical air conditioner

Lewis Carroll -- b.1/27/1832 d.1/14/1898 (65)
Author, Mathematician, English
Names/Places: b. in Cheshire; RN:Reverend Charles Lutwidge Dodgson
Book Titles: Alice in Wonderland (where he named a cat after his birth city)

George E. Carruthers -- b.10/1/1939
Inventor, Physicist, Astrophysicist

Dr. Ben Carson -- b.9/18/1951
Author, Surgeon, Commentator, Politician, Government Official
Misc: political commentator

Kit Carson -- b.12/24/1809 d.5/23/1868 (58)
General, Soldier, Hero, Frontiersman, Guide, Scout
Names/Places: RN:Christopher Carson
Misc: Trapper; Indian agent; his contributions to westward expansion in the United States rank him among the nation's great folk heroes.

Rachel (Louise) Carson -- b.5/27/1907 d.4/14/1964 (56)
Author, Biologist, Ecologist
Misc: deplored the use of pesticides

Howard Carter -- b.5/9/1873 d.3/2/1939 (65)
Scientist, Archaeologist, British
Misc: discovered Egyptian tombs, among, King Tut

John G. Carter -- b.??/??/???? d.11/19/1900

John G. Carter -- b.2/9/1883 d.??/??/????
Misc: Miniature Golf

Jacques Cartier -- b.12/31/1491 d.9/1/1557 (65)
Explorer, Navigator, French
Misc: explored the North American coast and the St Lawrence river

Edmund Cartwright -- b.4/24/1743 d.10/30/1823 (80)
Inventor, English
Misc: Power Loom

George Washington Carver -- b.7/12/1861 d.1/5/1943 (81)
Scientist, Botanist, Chemist, Inventor, Educator
Misc: studied the peanut; d. in Tuskegee, Alabama

Jonathan Carver -- b.4/13/1710 d.1/31/1780 (69)
Writer, Explorer, American
Misc: Early explorer of North America and author of one of the most widely read travel and adventure books in that period.

Giacomo Girolamo Casanova -- b.4/2/1725 N.S. d.6/4/1798 N.S. (73)
Author, Soldier, Adventurer, Spy, Italian
Names/Places: MN:Jacopo, LN:de Seingait
Misc: Romantic Exploiter; Seminarian; Rogue; Philanderer

Giovanni Domenico Cassini -- b.6/8/1625 N.S. d.9/14/1712 N.S. (87)
Astronomer, French, Italian
Misc: discovered the four satellites of Saturn

Jacques Cassini -- b.2/8/1677 N.S. d.4/18/1756 N.S. (79)
Astronomer, French
Misc: compiled the first tables of the orbital motions of Saturn's satellites.

Jacques Dominique Cassini -- b.6/30/1748 N.S. d.10/18/1845 N.S. (97)
Astronomer, French

Aldo Castellani -- b.9/8/1877 d.10/3/1971 (94)
Scientist, Bacteriologist, Italian

Vernon Blythe Castle -- b.5/2/1887 d.2/15/1918 (30)
Aviator, Dancer, English
Misc: dancer with wife Irene

Ramon Castroviejo -- b.8/24/1904 d.1/1/1987 (82)
Surgeon, Spanish

Baron Augustin-Louis Cauchy -- b.8/21/1789 d.5/23/1857 (67)
Mathematician, French
Misc: pioneered in analysis and the theory of substitution groups (groups whose elements are ordered sequences of a set of things).

Tiberio Cavallo -- b.3/30/1749 N.S. d.12/21/1809 N.S. (60)
Inventor, Physicist, Italian

Edith Cavell -- b.12/4/1865 N.S. d.10/12/1915 N.S. (49)
Nurse, English
Misc: English nurse who became a popular heroine of World War I and was executed for assisting Allied soldiers to escape from German-occupied Belgium.

Henry Cavendish -- b.10/10/1731 N.S. d.2/24/1810 N.S. (78)
Chemist, Physicist, French
Names/Places: b. France, raised in England
Misc: discovered the element of hydrogen

Edgar Cayce -- b.3/18/1877 d.1/3/1945 (67)
Clairvoyant, Scientist
Misc: Psychic healer

Arthur Cayley -- b.8/16/1821 d.1/26/1895 (73)
Mathematician, British

Sir George Cayley -- b.12/27/1773 d.12/15/1857 (83)
Scientist, Aviator, Inventor, English
Misc: Aerodynamics pioneer; Airplanes, Helicopters, & Gliders designer

Anders or Andre Celsius -- b.11/27/1701 d.4/25/1744 (42)
Scientist, Astronomer, Inventor, Swedish
Misc: invented Centigrade (Celsius) temperature scale 1742

Eugene Andrew Cernan -- b.3/14/1934 d.1/16/2017 N.S. (82)
Naval Officer, Astronaut
Misc: Gemini 9, Apollo 10, 17

Clyde Vernon Cessna -- b.12/5/1879 d.11/20/1954 (74)
Misc: aircraft manufacturer who invented the cantilever wing and a V-shaped tail configuration and a simple, flexible monoplane design

Sir James Chadwick -- b.10/20/1891 d.7/24/1974 (82)
Physicist, English
Misc: discovered the neutron and later worked on the Manhattan Project the develop the atom bomb; Nobel 1935

Emory Leon Chaffee -- b.4/15/1885 d.3/8/1975 (89)
Misc: known for his work on thermionic vacuum (electron) tubes.

Roger Chaffee -- b.2/15/1935 d.1/27/1967 (31)
Misc: was killed in a fire on the ground during a 1967 Apollo I test

Ernst B. Chain -- b.6/19/1906 d.8/12/1979 (73)
Biochemist, Chemist, German
Misc: penicillin, Nobel 1945

Owen Chamberlain -- b.7/10/1920 d.2/28/2006 (85)
Misc: co-discoverer of the antiproton, Nobel 1959.

Thomas Chamberlin -- b.9/25/1843 d.11/15/1928 (85)
Geologist, Educator
Misc: who proposed the planetesimal hypothesis, which held that a star once passed near the Sun, pulling away from it matter that later condensed and formed the planets.

Jean François Champollion -- b.12/23/1790 d.3/4/1832 (41)
Scientist, Archaeologist, French
Misc: deciphered Egyptian hieroglyphics.

Seth Carlo Chandler -- b.9/16/1846 N.S. d.12/31/1913 N.S. (67)
Misc: best known for his discovery (1884-85) of the Chandler Wobble, a movement in the Earth's axis of rotation that causes latitude to vary with a period of 14 months.

Subrahmanyan Chandrasekhar -- b.10/19/1910 d.8/21/1995 (84)
Physicist, Astrophysicist, India

Walter Channing -- b.4/15/1786 d.7/27/1876 (90)
Scientist, Physician
Misc: Obstetrician

Philip K. Chapman -- b.3/5/1935
Astronaut, Australian

Sydney Chapman -- b.1/29/1888 d.6/16/1970 (82)
Geophysicist, Mathematician, English

Claude Chappe -- b.12/25/1763 d.1/23/1805 (41)
Engineer, Inventor, French
Misc: optical telegraph

Jean Baptiste Charbonneau -- b.2/11/1805 d.5/16/1866 (61)
Explorer, Fur Trapper, Guide

Jean Charcot -- b.7/15/1867 d.9/16/1936 (69)
Explorer, French

Jean Marie Charcot -- b.11/29/1825 d.8/16/1893 (67)
Scientist, French

Louis Chardonnet -- b.5/1/1839 d.3/12/1924 (84)
Chemist, Inventor, French
Misc: first developed and manufactured rayon

Jacques Charles -- b.11/12/1746 N.S. d.4/7/1823 N.S. (76)
Chemist, Physicist, French

Sir John Charnley -- b.8/29/1911 d.8/5/1982 (70)
Surgeon, British
Misc: pioneered the hip replaceent operation

Georges Charpak -- b.8/1/1924 d.9/29/2010 (86)
Physicist, French, Polish
Misc: subatomic particle detectors

Melanie Chartoff -- b.12/15/1950
Inventor, TV/Movie Actress, Comedienne
TV Shows: Fridays, Parker Lewis Can't Lose (as principal Ms. Grace Musso)

Mary Agnes Chase -- b.4/29/1869 d.9/24/1963 (94)
Scientist, Botanist

Bruce Chatwin -- b.5/13/1940 d.1/18/1989 (48)
Writer, Novelist, Traveler, English
Book Titles: On The Black Hill

Kalpana Chawla -- b.3/17/1962 N.S. d.2/1/2003 N.S. (40)
Astronaut, India
Misc: the first Indian-born woman in space

Anton Pavlovich Chekhov -- b.1/17/1860 Ju-1 or 1/29/1860 N.S. d.7/15/1904 N.S. (44)
Dramatist/Playwright, Short Story Writer, Physician, Russian
Book Titles: The Cherry Orchard

Pavel Andreivich Chekov -- b.3/25/2184
Misc: Star Trek character born in the USSR, but it doesn't exist anymore. Could it return?

Pavel Cherenkov -- b.7/15/1904 Ju-1 or 7/28/1904 N.S. d.1/6/1990 N.S. (85)
Physicist, Russian

Robert A. Chesebrough -- b.1/9/1837 d.9/9/1933 (96)
Chemist, Inventor
Misc: Vaseline

Francis Chesney -- b.3/16/1789 d.1/30/1872 (82)
Soldier, Explorer, Irish

Michel-Eugène Chevreul -- b.8/31/1786 N.S. d.4/9/1889 N.S. (102)
Chemist, French
Misc: chemistry of fats

Louis Chevrolet -- b.12/25/1878 d.6/6/1941 (62)
Designer, Inventor, Businessperson, Manufacturer, Auto Racer, Swiss
Misc: Founder of the Chevrolet auto & truck motor companies as well as Frontenac

Julia Child -- b.8/15/1912 d.8/12/2004 (91)
Author, Chef, Teacher, TV Hostess, Pianist
Names/Places: b. in Pasadena, California
Misc: Cookbook author; permanently immoralized not only in the Culinary Institute of America's Hall of Fame, but also by Dan Aykroyd parodying her on a Saturday Night Live skit.
TV Shows: The French Chef

Kevin P. Chilton -- b.11/3/1954
Astronaut, Engineer

Thomas Chippendale -- b.6/5/1718 J-LD or 6/16/1718 N.S. d.11/13/1779 N.S. (61)
Inventor, English
Misc: Cabinet maker; furniture (nude?)

John Chisum -- b.8/15/1824 d.12/23/1884 (60)
Misc: Rancher; Cattler

Ernst Chladni -- b.11/30/1756 d.4/3/1827 (70)
Physicist, Musician, German

Pierre Chouteau -- b.10/10/1758 N.S. d.7/10/1849 N.S. (90)
Pioneer, Fur Trader
Names/Places: b. in New Orleans, Louisiana (was New France when he was born); NN: The Father of Oklahoma

Henri Chretien -- b.2/1/1879 d.2/6/1956 (77)

Walter Chrysler -- b.4/2/1875 d.8/18/1940 (65)
Inventor, Entrepreneur, Industrialist, Manufacturer
Misc: Chrysler Corporation founder 1925; 6-cylinder engine developer

Paul C. W. Chu -- b.2/12/1941
Physicist, Chinese
Misc: superconductivity researcher

Lewis Chubb -- b.10/22/1882 d.4/1/1952 (69)
Engineer, Inventor
Misc: established the first U.S. radio station

Andre Citroen -- b.2/5/1878 d.7/3/1935 (57)
Engineer, Manufacturer, French
Misc: introduced Henry Ford's methods of mass production to the European automobile industry.

Craig Claiborne -- b.9/4/1920 d.1/22/2000 (79)
Author, Chef, Editor, Columnist, Gay
Misc: food critic, cookbooks

Alexis Clairaut -- b.5/13/1713 N.S. d.5/17/1765 N.S. (52)
Astronomer, Geophysicist, Mathematician, Physicist, French
Misc: born between May 3 and May 13 of 1713

Alvan Clark -- b.3/8/1804 d.6/9/1897 (93)
Misc: died just 3 weeks after first use of Yerkes 40" lens.

Kenneth Bancroft Clark -- b.7/14/1904 d.5/1/2005 (100)
Psychologist, Educator

Mamie Phipps Clark -- b.4/18/1917 d.8/11/1983 (66)

William Clark -- b.8/1/1770 d.9/1/1838 (68)
Misc: of Lewis & Clark

Alexander Ross Clarke -- b.12/16/1828 d.2/11/1914 (85)
Geologist, English
Misc: whose calculations of the size and shape of the Earth were the first to approximate accepted modern values with respect to both polar flattening and equatorial radius.

Sir Arthur C. Clarke -- b.12/16/1917 d.3/19/2008 (90)
Novelist, Sci-fi Writer, Scientist, English
Names/Places: RFN:Andrew Charles
Book Titles: 2001: A Space Odyssey, Childhood's End, The Hammer of God

Albert Claude -- b.8/24/1899 d.5/22/1983 (83)
Scientist, Microbiologist, Belgiumese, Canadian
Misc: founder of modern cell biology; isolated a cancer virus, Nobel 1974

Georges Claude -- b.9/24/1870 N.S. d.5/23/1960 N.S. (89)
Chemist, Engineer, French
Misc: Neon Light inventor

Rudolf Clausius -- b.1/2/1822 d.8/24/1888 (66)
Scientist, German
Misc: thermodynamics pioneer

Moses Cleaveland -- b.1/29/1754 d.11/16/1807 (53)
Soldier, Frontiersman, Pioneer, Lawyer
Misc: founded Cleveland Ohio

Johnny Clegg -- b.6/7/1953 N.S. d.7/16/2019 N.S. (66)
Anthropologist, Songwriter, Singer/Guitarist, English
Misc: AP says b. Oct 31; Wikipedia says b. June 7
Group Names: Johnny Clegg and Savuka

Thomas Green Clemson -- b.7/1/1807 d.4/6/1888 (80)
Misc: Clemson University was named after him

Sir Dugald Clerk -- b.3/31/1854 d.11/12/1932 (78)
Inventor, English
Misc: inventor of the 2-stroke motorcycle engine.

DeWitt Clinton -- b.3/2/1769 N.S. d.2/11/1828 N.S. (58)
Naturalist, Senator, Governor
Misc: promulgated the idea of the Erie Canal ( q.v. ), which connects the Hudson River to the Great Lakes.

Lord Robert Clive -- b.9/29/1725 d.11/22/1774 (49)
Soldier, Explorer, English
Misc: founded the British empire in India

Henri Marie Coanda -- b.6/7/1886 d.11/25/1972 (86)
Engineer, Inventor, Romanian

Jerrie Cobb -- b.3/5/1931

Stanley Cobb -- b.12/10/1887 d.2/25/1968 (80)
Engineer, Neurologist, Physician
Misc: could be considered "the founder of biological psychiatry in the United States".

Jacqueline Cochran -- b.5/11/1906 N.S. d.8/9/1980 N.S. (74)
Aviator, Cosmetic Executive
Names/Places: MaN:Odlum
Misc: Speed Pilot; Air Force colonel and cosmetics maker; the first woman to fly faster than the speed of sound.

Christopher Cockerell -- b.6/4/1910 d.6/1/1999 (88)
Engineer, Inventor, English
Misc: inventor of the Hovercraft

Sir John D. Cockroft -- b.5/27/1897 d.9/18/1967 (70)
Physicist, English
Misc: Radar, Nobel 1951

Howard Coffin -- b.9/6/1873 d.11/21/1937 (64)
Engineer, Businessperson, Industrialist
Misc: with Roy Chapin, founded Hudson Motor Car Co.

Mason Cogswell -- b.9/28/1761 d.12/17/1830 (69)
Physician, Surgeon

Stanley Cohen -- b.11/17/1922 N.S.
Biochemist, American
Misc: who, with Rita Levi-Montalcini, shared the 1986 Nobel Prize for Physiology or Medicine for his researches on substances produced in the body that influence the development of nerve and skin tissues.

Edwin Joseph Cohn -- b.12/17/1892 d.10/1/1953 (60)
Misc: helped develop the methods of blood fractionation (the separation of plasma proteins into fractions).

Cornelius Cole -- b.9/17/1822 d.11/3/1924 (102)
Misc: one of the last surviving 49er gold seekers

Johnnetta Cole -- b.10/19/1936
Anthropologist, Scholar, Educator
Misc: Museum Director; president of Spelman College

Tom Colicchio -- b.8/15/1962
Chef, Personality
TV Shows: Top Chef (head judge), Best New Restaurnt (producer)

Eileen Collins -- b.11/19/1956
Misc: The first female Space Shuttle Commander

Michael "Mike" Collins -- b.10/31/1930 N.S.
Astronaut, Italian
Misc: manned the Apollo 11 command module while Neil Armstrong and Ed Aldrin walked on the moon

Raymond Collishaw -- b.11/22/1893 d.9/28/1976 (82)
Aviator, Canadian
Misc: WWI pilot

Samuel Colt -- b.7/19/1814 d.1/10/1862 (47)
Names/Places: b. in Hartford, Conn.
Misc: Colt 45 revolver and other firearms

Gardner Quincy Colton -- b.2/7/1814 d.8/9/1898 (84)
Misc: anesthetist who was among the first to utilize the anesthetic properties of nitrous oxide in medical practice. After a dentist suggested the use of the gas as an anesthetic, Colton safely used it in extracting thousands of teeth.

Christopher Columbus -- b.10/30/1451 O.S. d.5/20/1506 O.S. (54)
Explorer, Navigator, Colonist, Italian
Names/Places: born in the Republic of Genoa; RN:Cristoforo Colombo
Misc: discoverer of America; died in poverty in Spain; Encyclopedia Brittanica gives b. Aug 26, 1451 and d. May 21, 1506

Barry Commoner -- b.5/28/1917 d.9/30/2012 (95)
Author, Biologist, Ecologist, Politician

Arthur Holly Compton -- b.9/10/1892 d.3/15/1962 (69)
Scientist, Engineer, Physician
Misc: developed the A-bomb, 1927 Nobel.

Karl Taylor Compton -- b.9/14/1887 d.6/22/1954 (66)
Physicist, Educator
Misc: was closely associated with development of the atomic bomb

James B. Conant -- b.3/26/1893 d.2/11/1978 (84)
Chemist, Statesman, Educator
Misc: 20-year Harvard president

Edward U. Condon -- b.3/2/1902 d.3/26/1974 (72)
Misc: helped develop an atomic bomb

Charles P. "Pete" Conrad Jr. -- b.6/2/1930 N.S. d.7/8/1999 N.S. (69)
Misc: said "Whoopee!" when he became the third man to set foot on the moon; copilot on the Gemini 5 spaceflight (1965), command pilot of Gemini 11, spacecraft commander of the Apollo 12 flight to the Moon, and commander of the Skylab 2 mission; American Express ads "Do you know me?"

Frank Conrad -- b.5/4/1874 d.12/11/1941 (67)
Misc: electrical engineer whose interest in radiotelephony led to the establishment of the first commercial radio station.

Nicolas-Jacque Conte -- b.8/4/1755 d.12/6/1805 (50)
Inventor, French
Misc: developed the method on which the manufacture of modern pencils is based.

Frederick Cook -- b.6/10/1865 d.8/5/1940 (75)
Misc: claimed falsely to be at North Pole

Captain James Cook -- b.10/27/1728 O.S. or 11/7/1728 N.S. d.2/14/1779 (50)
Explorer, Navigator, English
Misc: Sea Captain, South Pacific; discovered the Sandwich Islands; mapped New Zealand, Australia and the Hawaiian Islands

Robin Cook -- b.5/4/1940
Novelist, Physician

Sir William F. Cooke -- b.5/4/1806 d.6/25/1879 (73)
Engineer, Inventor, English
Misc: electric telegraph co-inv

Charles Horton Cooley -- b.8/17/1864 N.S. d.5/7/1929 N.S. (64)

Dr. Denton Arthur Cooley -- b.8/22/1920 d.11/18/2016 N.S. (96)
Surgeon, Educator
Misc: Heart diseases & transplants; performed the first artifical heart transplant

William Coolidge -- b.10/23/1873 d.2/3/1975 (101)
Chemist, Engineer, Inventor
Misc: his improvement of tungsten filaments was essential in the development of the modern incandescent lamp bulb and the X-ray tube.

Dr. Carleton Coon -- b.6/23/1904 d.6/3/1981 (76)
Anthropologist, Professor

Leroy Gordon Cooper Jr. -- b.3/6/1927 d.10/4/2004 (77)

Peter Cooper -- b.2/12/1791 d.4/4/1883 (92)
Inventor, Businessperson, Industrialist, Philanthropist, American

Nicolaus Copernicus -- b.2/19/1473 d.5/24/1543 (70)
Astronomer, Polish
Names/Places: b. in Torun; RFN:Mikolaj Kopernik; d. in Poland
Misc: proved the sun is the center of our solar system & planets revolve around it

Cat Cora -- b.4/3/1967 N.S.
TV Shows: Around the World in 80 Plates

Carl Ferdinand Cori -- b.12/5/1896 d.10/20/1984 (87)
Biochemist, Austrian

Gerty Theresa Cori -- b.8/15/1896 d.10/26/1957 (61)
Biochemist, Austrian

Allan Cormack -- b.2/23/1924 d.5/7/1998 (74)
Physicist, Educator, South African

George Cormack -- b.6/17/1870 d.9/??/1953
Misc: Wheaties cereal

Sir John Cornforth -- b.9/7/1917 d.12/8/2013 (96)
Chemist, Australian

Francisco Vázquez de Coronado -- b.2/25/1510 J+CD d.9/22/1554 J+CD (44)
Explorer, Spanish

Douglas "Wrong Way" Corrigan -- b.1/22/1907 d.12/9/1995 (88)
Aviator, TV Actor
Misc: landed in Ireland after taking off from NY to LA; became an instant folk hero in 1938 when he "mistakenly" flew solo across the Atlantic after authorities told him he couldn't

Henry Cort -- b.??/??/1740 or ??/??/1741 d.5/23/1800

Hernando Cortes -- b.??/??/1485 d.12/2/1547
Explorer, Spanish
Misc: Mexico conqueror

Jeff Corwin -- b.7/11/1967
Misc: Wildlife expert; TV naturalist

Dieudonné Costes -- b.11/14/1892 N.S. d.5/18/1973 N.S. (80)
Aviator, French

Roger Cotes -- b.7/10/1682 J-LD d.6/5/1716 J-LD (33)
Astronomer, Mathematician, English

Frederick Gardner Cottrell -- b.1/10/1877 d.11/16/1948 (71)
Misc: invented the electrostatic precipitator, used for polution control and air ionizers.

Emile Coue -- b.2/26/1857 d.7/2/1926 (69)
Psychologist, French

Elliott Coues -- b.9/9/1842 d.12/25/1899 (57)
Scientist, Ornithologist
Misc: he advanced the study and classification of North American birds.

John Merle Coulter -- b.11/20/1851 d.12/23/1928 (77)
Naturalist, Chinese

Andre Cournand -- b.9/24/1895 d.2/19/1988 (92)
Scientist, Physiologist, French

Bernard Courtois -- b.2/8/1777 N.S. d.9/27/1838 N.S. (61)
Chemist, French
Misc: Iodine founder

Jacques Cousteau -- b.6/11/1910 N.S. d.6/25/1997 N.S. (87)
Author, Explorer, Inventor, Oceanographer, Environmentalist, TV Host, Producer, French
Names/Places: b. in St. Andre-de-Cubzac; FN:Captain Jacques Yves Cousteaust
Misc: Marine Biologist; co-iventor of the aqualung which made SCUBA diving possible; captain of the "Calypso"
TV Shows: The Undersea World of Jacques Cousteau

Phillipe Cousteau -- b.12/30/1940 d.6/28/1979 (38)
Oceanographer, TV Producer, French
Names/Places: Jacques' father
Misc: produced his father's TV documentaries

Joshua Lionel Cowen -- b.8/25/1877 d.9/8/1965 (88)
Misc: Electric model trains

James Mason Crafts -- b.3/8/1839 d.6/20/1917 (78)

Thomas Crapper -- b.9/28/1836 d.1/27/1910 (73)
Misc: made and sold plumbing supplies

Seymour Cray -- b.9/28/1925 d.10/5/1996 (71)
Engineer, Computer Scientist
Misc: Computer guru; pioneered the use of transistors in computers and later developed massive supercomputers to run business and government information networks

Michael Crichton -- b.10/23/1942 d.11/4/2008 (66)
Novelist, Screen/Scriptwriter, Doctor, Movie Director
Names/Places: b. in Chicago; FN:John; PRON:CRY-TON
Book Titles: The Great Train Robbery, The Terminal Man, Rising Sun, Congo, Jurassic Park

Francis Crick -- b.6/8/1916 d.7/28/2004 (88)
Scientist, Biophysicist, English
Misc: DNA molecular structure discoverer (Nobel 1962)

George Washington Crile -- b.11/11/1864 d.1/7/1943 (78)

Robert Crippen -- b.9/11/1937
Aeronautical, Astronaut, Aviator, Engineer
Misc: served as pilot on the first U.S. space shuttle orbital flight.

Bartolommeo Cristofori -- b.5/4/1655 N.S. d.1/27/1731 N.S. (75)
Inventor, Manufacturer, Italian
Misc: musical instrument maker, pianos & harpsichords

Sam Crivello -- b.??/??/???? d.11/5/1994 (82)
Misc: WD-40

Davy Crockett -- b.8/17/1786 d.3/6/1836 (49)
Soldier, Adventurer, Explorer, Frontiersman
Names/Places: NN: King of the Wild Frontier; RFN:David
Misc: grinned down bears

James Crockett -- b.10/9/1915 d.7/11/1979 (63)
Author, Scientist, Horticulturist
Misc: Gardening books
TV Shows: The Victory Garden (original host)

Samuel Crompton -- b.12/3/1753 d.6/26/1827 (73)
Inventor, English

A. J. Cronin -- b.7/19/1896 d.1/6/1981 (84)
Novelist, Physician, English
Names/Places: RFMN:Archibald John

James Watson Cronin -- b.9/29/1931 N.S. d.8/25/2016 N.S. (84)
Misc: nuclear

Axel Frederic Cronstedt -- b.12/23/1722 d.8/19/1765 (42)
Chemist, Swedish

Sir William Crookes -- b.6/17/1832 d.4/4/1919 (86)
Chemist, Physicist, English
Misc: discovered thallium

Luther Crowell -- b.9/7/1840 d.9/16/1903 (63)
Misc: machine for making a square-bottomed grocery bag

Nicholas-Joseph Cugnot -- b.2/26/1725 N.S. d.10/2/1804 N.S. (79)
Inventor, French
Misc: military engineer who designed and built the world's first true automobile, a huge, heavy, steam-powered tricycle.

Sir Samuel Cunard -- b.11/21/1787 d.4/28/1865 (77)
Pioneer, Executive, Canadian
Misc: trans-Atlantic steam navigation; founded first regular Atlantic steamship line

Walt Cunningham -- b.3/16/1932
Misc: Apollo 7

Marie Marja Sklodowska Curie -- b.11/7/1867 d.7/4/1934 (66)
Chemist, Physicist, Polish
Names/Places: NN:Madame; Pierre's wife

Pierre Curie -- b.5/15/1859 d.4/19/1906 (46)
Chemist, Physicist, French
Names/Places: Marie's hubby
Misc: Nobel winner 1903

Haskell Brooks Curry -- b.9/12/1900 d.9/1/1982 (81)
Mathematician, Educator
Misc: calculus and logictician

Charles Gordon Curtis -- b.4/20/1860 d.3/10/1953 (92)
Misc: Steam turbine

Glenn Hammond Curtiss -- b.5/21/1878 d.7/23/1930 (52)
Aviator, Inventor
Misc: Seaplanes

Harvey Cushing -- b.4/8/1869 d.10/7/1939 (70)
Misc: studied blood pressure

Clive Cussler -- b.7/15/1931
Writer, Novelist, Archaeologist
Misc: marine archaeologist
Movie Titles: Raise The Titantic, Sahara, Deep Six, Cyclops

Georges Cuvier -- b.8/23/1769 d.5/13/1832 (62)
Naturalist, Zoologist, Statesman
Misc: science of comparative anatomy father

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