You are at the section Science and Tech Birthdays a2z
Last Updated 11-30-2018
Jean Henri Fabre
-- b.12/22/1823 d.10/11/1915 (91)Author, Scientist, FrenchMisc: insect anatomy and behavior studies
-- b.6/11/1867 N.S. d.12/11/1945 N.S. (78)ScientistMisc: discovered the ozone layer in the upper atmosphere
Gabriel Daniel Fahrenheit
-- b.5/14/1686 O.S. or 5/24/1686 N.S. d.9/16/1736 (50)Inventor, Physicist, German, PolishMisc: The Fahrenheit scale mercury thermometer
-- b.2/19/1789 d.8/18/1874 (85)Engineer, Inventor, Scotish
-- b.2/24/1917 d.9/30/1989 (72)PhysicistMisc: superconductivity
-- b.1/17/1796 d.4/12/1886 (90)InventorMisc: an inventor of heating and cook stoves, cast iron plows, and other items.
David Grandison Fairchild
-- b.4/7/1869 d.8/6/1954 (85)Botanist, ExplorerMisc: introduced 200,000 plant species from abroad; brought plants to US
Sherman Mills Fairchild
-- b.4/7/1896 d.3/28/1971 (74)Aviator, InventorMisc: Aerial cameras
-- b.7/20/1925 d.12/6/1961 (36)Writer, Philosopher, Revolutionary, Theorist, Psychiatrist
-- b.9/22/1791 d.8/25/1867 (75)Chemist, Inventor, Physicist, EnglishMisc: published pioneering papers that led to the practical use of electricity
-- b.7/22/1914 d.1/22/1982 (67)InventorMisc: Portable strobe light for still cameras
Philo T. Farnsworth
-- b.8/19/1906 d.3/11/1971 (64)InventorMisc: co-inventer of the electronic television set; Philco TV manufacturing was named after him
Anthony S. Fauci
-- b.12/24/1940Immunologist, Physician, Government OfficialMisc: Federal health administrator
-- b.3/10/1846 d.??/??/1931Explorer, Mountaineer
-- b.4/19/1801 d.11/18/1887 (86)Writer, Philosopher, Physicist, Psychologist, German
-- b.7/24/1941Writer, Inventor, Producer, DirectorMisc: Created ET's Communicator for Spielberg's film. Made it possible for ET to "phone home."TV Shows: Watch Mister Wizard (associate producer)
Dorr E. Felt
-- b.3/18/1862 d.8/7/1930 (68)Inventor, Industrialist
-- b.8/10/1909 d.3/21/1991 (81)InventorNames/Places: FN:ClarenceMisc: Guitar maker; the Stratocaster, a rock 'n roller's choice
-- b.2/7/1926 d.11/21/2009 (83)Cosmonaut, RussianMisc: space engineer
-- b.9/29/1901 N.S. d.11/28/1954 N.S. (53)Scientist, Physicist, ItalianMisc: co-founder of the A-Bomb; first nuclear reactor; gone fission/fermium (Nobel-1938)
-- b.10/31/1847 d.2/7/1897 (49)Engineer, Physicist, Italian
Sir David Ferrier
-- b.1/13/1843 d.3/19/1928 (85)Scientist, Neurologist, Psychologist, Scotish
George Washington Gale Ferris
-- b.2/14/1859 d.11/22/1896 (37)Engineer, InventorMisc: Ferris Wheel
-- b.10/6/1866 d.7/22/1932 (65)Engineer, Inventor, CanadianMisc: 300 patents; broadcast the first program of voice and music.
Richard P. Feynman
-- b.5/11/1918 d.2/15/1988 (69)Author, PhysicistMisc: Physical Law, Nobel 1965
-- b.4/23/1867 d.1/30/1928 (60)Scientist, Danish (Denmark)
Stephen D. Field
-- b.??/??/1846 d.??/??/1913Inventor
-- b.1/22/1968Chef, Businessperson, Restaurateur, Game Show Host
-- b.9/13/1877 d.5/7/1957 (79)Scientist, Explorer, GermanMisc: led the German Antarctic expedition of 1911-12.
Carlos Juan Finlay
-- b.12/3/1833 d.8/20/1915 (81)Physician, CubanMisc: discovered that yellow fever is transmitted from infected to healthy humans by a mosquito. Although he published experimental evidence of this discovery in 1886, his ideas were ignored for 20 years.
Niels Ryberg Finsen
-- b.12/15/1860 d.9/24/1904 (43)Scientist, Physician, Danish (Denmark)
Harvey Samuel Firestone
-- b.12/20/1868 d.2/7/1938 (69)Author, Inventor, Executive, Industrialist, ManufacturerMisc: Firestone Tire & Rubber Co. founder where the rubber meets the road
-- b.10/9/1852 d.7/15/1919 (66)Scientist, Chemist, Austrian, Hungarian
Ernst Otto Fischer
-- b.11/10/1918 d.7/23/2007 (88)Chemist, Educator, German
-- b.5/5/1981Author, Chef, Actress, TV Hostess, Producer/Director, Director, PersonalityMisc: some say 1980 but incorrect yearTV Shows: Boy Meets World (as Topanga Lawrence), Girl Meets World (as Topanga Lawrence), The Dish (hostess)Movie Titles: National Lampoon presents Dorm Daze
-- b.9/3/1912 d.9/25/1970 (58)Author, Naturalist, British
-- b.8/30/1910 d.8/10/1981 (70)Physicist
-- b.1/21/1743 d.7/2/1798 (55)Engineer, Inventor, EntrepreneurMisc: Clockmaker; Gunsmith; Surveyor; had a working steamboat years before Fulton.
-- b.3/10/1923 d.2/5/2015 (91)PhysicistMisc: Nuclear physicist
Reginald H. Fitz
-- b.5/5/1843 d.11/??/1913 (70)Scientist, PathologistMisc: appendicitis identifier; died before Nov 17, 1913
George F. Fitzgerald
-- b.8/3/1851 d.2/22/1901 (49)Physicist, IrishMisc: first suggested a method of producing radio waves, thus helping to lay the basis of wireless telegraphy.
Sir Maurice Fitzmaurice
-- b.5/11/1861 d.11/17/1924 (63)Engineer, Irish
Armand Hippolyte Louis Fizeau
-- b.9/23/1819 d.9/18/1896 (76)Physicist, FrenchMisc: He was the first to measure the speed of light successfully without using astronomical calculations.
Robert Joseph Flaherty
-- b.2/16/1884 d.7/23/1951 (67)Author, Explorer, Movie Producer/DirectorMisc: Documentary film pioneer
-- b.2/26/1842 d.6/3/1925 (83)Author, Astronomer, FrenchMisc: Mars researcher & popularizer of astronomy; d. June 7?
-- b.8/19/1646 J-LD d.12/31/1719 J-LD (73)Astronomer, EnglishMisc: the first astronomer of England
-- b.12/10/1964Chef, Restaurateur, Personality
Sir Alexander Fleming
-- b.8/6/1881 N.S. d.3/11/1955 (73)Scientist, Bacteriologist, ScotishMisc: Penicillin founder (Nobel 1954); b. Aug 16?
Sir John Ambrose Fleming
-- b.11/29/1849 d.4/18/1945 (95)Inventor, EnglishMisc: engineer who made numerous contributions to electronics, photometry, electric measurements, and wireless telegraphy. He is best remembered as the inventor of the two-electrode radio rectifier, which he called the thermionic valve; known for inventing the first thermionic valve or vacuum tube, the diode, then called the kenotron in 1904.
-- b.10/5/1609 N.S. d.4/2/1640 N.S. (30)Poet, Physician, German
Richard Howell Fleming
-- b.9/21/1909 d.10/25/1989 (80)Scientist, Oceanographer, Canadian
Sir Sandford Fleming
-- b.1/7/1827 d.7/22/1915 (88)EngineerMisc: divided world into time zones; he forgot to add the VCR Time Zone, where it's always 12 O'Clock!
-- b.9/11/1884 d.7/23/1981 (96)PhysicistMisc: leading authority in the fields of psychoacoustics and acoustical engineering.
-- b.11/1/1885 d.12/29/1961 (76)Chef, GermanMisc: inventor of the rotor ship, a vessel propelled by revolving cylinders mounted vertically on the deck. He also invented the Flettner trim-tab control for aircraft and the Flettner marine rudder.
-- b.3/25/1863 d.5/2/1946 (83)Scientist, BacteriologistMisc: polio-causing virus founder
-- b.3/16/1774 d.7/19/1814 (40)Explorer, Navigator, EnglishMisc: named Australia
-- b.3/3/1971 N.S.Chef
Sir Howard W. Florey
-- b.9/24/1898 d.2/21/1968 (69)Scientist, Physician, AustralianMisc: purified penicillin (Nobel 1945)
-- b.6/19/1910 d.9/9/1985 (75)Chemist
Pierre Jean Marie Flourens
-- b.4/13/1794 N.S. d.12/6/1867 N.S. (73)Physiologist, FrenchMisc: the first to demonstrate the general functions of the major portions of the vertebrate brain.
Anthony Herman Gerard Fokker
-- b.4/6/1890 d.12/23/1939 (49)Designer, Pioneer, Holland (deprecated-is Dutch)Misc: Aircraft designer & builder who produced more than 40 types of airplanes (designed by Reinhold Platz) for the German High Command.
Charles Frederick "Chuck" Foley
-- b.9/6/1930 N.S. d.7/1/2013 N.S. (82)InventorMisc: Invented the game of Twister
Stephen A. Forbes
-- b.5/29/1844 d.3/13/1930 (85)Naturalist
-- b.8/7/1852 d.10/2/1933 (81)Engineer, AustrianMisc: a top contributor to the study of groundwater hydrology during the late 19th and early 20th centuries.
-- b.7/30/1863 d.4/7/1947 (83)Inventor, Businessperson, Manufacturer, Auto Racer, AmericanNames/Places: b. in Dearborn, MIMisc: developed the first popular cheap car: The Model T; founded Ford Motor Co.; father of modern industrial production; not an auto racer but in the Motorsports Hall of Fame for founding a motor company.
-- b.10/22/1729 d.12/9/1798 (69)Naturalist, Religionist, Pastor, Prussian
Jay Wright Forrester
-- b.7/14/1918 d.11/23/2016 N.S. (98)Engineer, Inventor, Computer ScientistMisc: invented random-access magnetic core memory; a pioneer computer engineer, systems scientist, and a professor at the MIT Sloan School of Management.
Earl Kenneth "Ken" Forsse
-- b.9/25/1936 d.3/19/2014 (77)Author, Inventor, Businessperson, ProducerMisc: created the hit toy Teddy Ruxpin and his animated seriesTV Shows: The Adventures of Teddy Ruxpin (creator)
-- b.8/29/1904 d.6/1/1979 (74)Physician, GermanMisc: a pioneer in heart research
-- b.4/22/1944 d.9/3/2007 (63)Adventurer, Aviator, Balloonist, BusinesspersonMisc: date of death is estimated
-- b.1/16/1932 d.12/27/1985 (53)Naturalist, ZoologistMisc: studied gorillas in the wild, was found hacked to death at a research station in Rwanda.
-- b.3/8/1712 d.12/26/1780 (68)Physician, British
Jean Bernard Léon Foucault
-- b.9/18/1819 d.2/11/1868 (48)Scientist, Inventor, FrenchMisc: the gyroscope, which was a pendulum that proved that Earth rotates.
Jean Baptiste Joseph Fourier
-- b.3/21/1768 d.5/16/1830 (62)Scientist, Mathematician, FrenchMisc: Egyptologist
-- b.10/31/1802 d.7/31/1867 (64)InventorMisc: the water turbine
-- b.4/9/1930Naturalist, Zoologist, TV HostTV Shows: Wild Kingdom (assistant, host in 1985)
-- b.8/9/1911 d.3/14/1995 (83)Physicist, Astrophysicist
-- b.10/20/1586 J-LD d.7/15/1635 J-LD (48)Explorer, Navigator, English
James Bicheno Francis
-- b.5/18/1815 d.9/18/1892 (77)Engineer, Inventor, American, BritishNames/Places: NN: The Father of Modern Hydraulic EngineeringMisc: Hydraulic turbine
-- b.3/12/1801 d.5/10/1893 (92)InventorMisc: wooden lifeboat
Thomas Francis Jr.
-- b.7/15/1900 d.10/1/1969 (69)Scientist, Educator
-- b.8/26/1882 d.5/21/1964 (81)Physicist, German
Viktor E. Frankl
-- b.3/26/1905 d.9/2/1997 (92)Psychiatrist, Austrian
-- b.1/17/1706 N.S. or 1/6/1705 J-LD or 1/6/1706 Ju-1 d.4/17/1790 N.S. (84)Author, Philosopher, Scientist, Inventor, Publisher, Printer, Statesman, Diplomat, Philanthropist, AmericanNames/Places: b. in Boston; d. in PhiladelphiaMisc: Postmaster General; Declaration of Independence signer; invented bifocals, streetlights, lightning rods, stoves, & harmonicas; Elder Statesman of the American Revolution; 1st Ambassador of France; on a $100 billBook Titles: Poor Richard's Almanac
Sir John Franklin
-- b.4/16/1786 d.6/11/1847 (61)Explorer, BritishMisc: Arctic; b. 4-4?
-- b.3/25/1923 d.6/18/2007 (84)Astronomer, Educator
Rosalind (Elsie) Franklin
-- b.7/25/1920 d.4/16/1958 (37)Biochemist, EnglishMisc: contributed to the discovery of the molecular structure of deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA), a constituent of chromosomes that serves to encode genetic information
-- b.12/25/1851 d.5/1/1914 (62)Chemist, Inventor, German
-- b.5/20/1776 d.8/18/1862 (86)Explorer, Fur Trader, ScotishMisc: charted much of what is now the Canadian province of British Columbia
Sir James George Frazer
-- b.1/1/1854 d.5/7/1941 (87)Anthropologist, BritishMisc: The Golden Bough
John Fries Frazer
-- b.7/8/1812 d.10/12/1872 (60)Scientist, Naturalist
-- b.10/23/1910 d.7/28/1987 (76)Scientist, Nutritionist
Dr. Daniel X. Freedman
-- b.8/17/1921 d.6/3/1993 (71)Psychiatrist
-- b.??/??/1929 d.10/21/1992 (63)Scientist, Sociologist
-- b.11/8/1848 d.7/26/1925 (76)Philosopher, Mathematician, GermanMisc: logician
John Charles Fremont
-- b.1/21/1813 d.7/13/1890 (77)General, Explorer, Pioneer, GovernorNames/Places: NN:PathfinderMisc: mapmaker and explorer of Western United States
-- b.4/27/1845 d.2/9/1934 (88)Author, Explorer, Geographer, EnglishMisc: advocated the recognition of geography as an independent discipline in English universities (from 1884).
Augustin Jean Fresnel
-- b.5/10/1788 d.7/14/1827 (39)Physicist, FrenchMisc: pioneered in optics and did much to establish the wave theory of light advanced by Thomas Young.
-- b.12/3/1895 d.10/9/1982 (86)Scientist, Psychoanalyst, AustrianNames/Places: Sigmund's daughter; b. Vienna, d. LondonMisc: founder of child psychoanalysis and one of its foremost practitioners. She also made fundamental contributions to understanding how the ego, or consciousness, functions in averting painful ideas, impulses, and feelings.
Dr. Sigmund Freud
-- b.5/6/1856 d.9/23/1939 (83)Author, Scientist, Psychiatrist, CzechMisc: Psychoanalysis founder; d. in London
-- b.6/21/1916 d.9/9/2000 (84)PhysicistMisc: an American pioneer in the application of sounding rockets to solar physics, aeronomy, and astronomy.
-- b.9/7/1855 d.5/5/1921 (65)Photographer, Inventor, EnglishMisc: built the first practical motion picture camera and patented it in 1899
-- b.4/13/1728 N.S. d.11/22/1784 N.S. (56)Astronomer, Mathematician, Physicist, AustrianMisc: best known for his work in hydraulics. His most significant contributions to science, however, were in the compilation, interpretation, and dissemination of the work of other scientists.
William H. Frist
-- b.2/22/1952Surgeon, SenatorNames/Places: RN: William Harrison Frist Sr., NN: BillMisc: began his career as a heart and lung transplant surgeon
-- b.3/23/1900 d.3/18/1980 (79)Author, Philosopher, Scientist, Psychoanalyst, GermanBook Titles: Escape From Freedom
Louis Agassiz Fuertes
-- b.2/7/1874 d.8/22/1927 (53)Painter, Naturalist
-- b.5/25/1902 d.11/28/1994 (92)ChemistMisc: invented a device that converts solar energy into electricity
R. Buckminster Fuller
-- b.7/12/1895 d.7/1/1983 (87)Architect, Author, Philosopher, Inventor, EducatorNames/Places: FN:Richard; d. in Los AngelesMisc: Geodesic dome; 2000+ patents!
Charles Gordon Fullerton
-- b.10/11/1936 d.8/21/2013 (76)AstronautMisc: USAF colonel, a USAF and NASA astronaut, and a research pilot
-- b.11/14/1765 N.S. d.2/24/1815 N.S. (49)InventorMisc: The Steamboat
-- b.2/23/1884 d.11/20/1967 (83)Scientist, Biochemist, PolishMisc: coined the term Vitamin
-- b.8/21/1735 d.9/18/1781 (46)Naval Officer, Explorer, BritishMisc: the first to circumnavigate the globe in both directions.