You are at the section Science and Tech Birthdays a2z
Last Updated 05-19-2018
-- b.6/5/1900 d.2/8/1979 (78)Scientist, Engineer, Inventor, HungarianMisc: of holography (3D laser photography)
Yuri Alexseyevich Gagarin
-- b.3/9/1934 d.3/27/1968 (34)Cosmonaut, RussianNames/Places: LN:Gargarin?Misc: the first person in space in 108-minute voyage around the earth aboard Vostok 1
Daniel Carleton Gagdusek
-- b.9/9/1923 d.12/12/2008 (85)Scientist, Physician
-- b.1/15/1933Author, InventorMisc: the lifeboatBook Titles: A Lesson Before Dying, The Autobiography of Miss Jane Pittman, A Gathering of Old Men
-- b.10/11/1945PhysicianMisc: co-founder of the International Bone Marrow Registry
-- b.??/??/129 d.4/2/200 (70)Writer, Physician, Greek
-- b.2/15/1564 J-LD or 2/15/1565 Ju-1 or 2/25/1565 N.S. d.12/29/1641 J-LD (76) or 1/8/1642 N.S. (76)Astronomer, Inventor, Mathematician, Physicist, ItalianNames/Places: b. in Pisa; d. in Arcetri, ItalyMisc: he developed the astronomical telescope with which he discovered craters on the moon and the satellites of Jupiter.
-- b.1/1/1923 d.3/7/1995 (72)InventorMisc: the man who invented the Galil submachine (or Uzi) gun and helped create Israel's famed Uzi submachine gun; NN:Father of the Rifle
Franz Joseph Gall
-- b.3/9/1758 d.8/22/1828 (70)Doctor, French, GermanMisc: frenology
Johann Gottfried Galle
-- b.6/9/1812 d.7/10/1910 (98)Astronomer, Weatherman, GermanMisc: discovered Neptune by telescope
Dr. Robert Gallo
-- b.3/23/1937Scientist, BiochemistMisc: AIDS research
-- b.10/25/1811 d.5/31/1832 (20)Mathematician, FrenchMisc: famous for his contributions to the part of higher algebra known as group theory. His theory solved many long-standing unanswered questions, including the impossibility of trisecting the angle and squaring the circle.
Sir Francis Galton
-- b.2/16/1822 d.1/17/1911 (88)Scientist, Explorer, English
-- b.9/9/1737 N.S. d.12/4/1798 N.S. (61)Physician, Physicist, ItalianMisc: established bioelectric forces exist within living tissue.
James Norris Gamble
-- b.8/9/1836 d.7/2/1932 (95)Inventor, BusinesspersonMisc: co-founder of Proctor & Gamble Co.; Ivory Soap developer
-- b.8/24/1846 d.11/5/1914 (68)GeographerMisc: father of mapmaking
-- b.10/21/1914 d.5/22/2010 (95)MathematicianMisc: a popular mathematics and science writer specializing in recreational mathematics.
-- b.10/12/1932Astronaut, SenatorNames/Places: FMN:Edwin Jacob
-- b.1/31/1769 N.S. d.8/18/1823 N.S. (54)Aeronautical, Balloonist, Inventor, FrenchMisc: the first person to use a parachute regularly and successfully. He perfected the parachute and made jumps from greater altitudes than had been possible before.
Owen K. Garriott
-- b.11/22/1930Scientist, Astronaut, Engineer
-- b.10/6/1888 d.10/5/1918 (29)Aviator, Canadian
-- b.2/2/1948Chef, TV Host
-- b.11/29/1932 d.1/4/1998 (65)Inventor, TV Host, Folk SingerNames/Places: b. in Watertown, N.Y.Misc: invented the Aqualung
-- b.6/12/1771 d.4/1/1870 (98)Explorer, PublisherMisc: sargent of the Lewis and Clark expedition
Herbert Spencer Gasser
-- b.7/5/1888 d.5/11/1963 (74)Physiologist
John "Bet A Million" Gates
-- b.5/8/1855 d.8/9/1911 (56)InventorMisc: Promoter; Speculator; barbed wire manufacturer which became the American Steel & Wire Co.
-- b.9/12/1818 d.2/26/1903 (84)InventorMisc: the hand-cranked machine gun
-- b.9/16/1827 d.11/27/1908 (81)Scientist, Geologist, Palentologist, French
Carl Friedrich Gauss
-- b.4/30/1777 d.2/23/1855 (77)Astronomer, Mathematician, Physicist, GermanMisc: one of the greatest mathematician of all time.
-- b.10/19/1864 d.1/16/1940 (75)Geographer, French
-- b.8/21/1660 N.S. d.9/27/1737 N.S. (77)Scientist, Engineer, FrenchMisc: authored the first book on bridge building.
Joseph Louis Gay-Lussac
-- b.12/6/1778 d.5/9/1850 (71)Chemist, Physicist, French
Sir Patrick Geddes
-- b.10/2/1854 d.4/17/1932 (77)Biologist, Physicist, Educator, Scotish
-- b.8/21/1826 d.6/14/1903 (76)Scientist, GermanMisc: anatomist who demonstrated that the field of comparative anatomy offers important evidence in support of evolutionary theory.
-- b.9/30/1882 d.9/24/1945 (62)Physicist, German
-- b.6/12/1783 d.10/24/1852 (69)Chemist, Inventor, Physician, German
-- b.9/15/1929PhysicistMisc: winner of the Nobel Prize for Physics for 1969 for his work pertaining to the classification of subatomic particles and their interactions.
Genghis Khan Temujin
-- b.5/31/1162 or 5/31/1167 d.8/18/1227ExplorerMisc: Roman Mongol conqueror
-- b.1/6/1945 d.8/3/1993 (48)Biologist, BotanistMisc: made major contributions to the understanding of the vegetation of tropical forests.
-- b.12/9/1905 O.S. or 12/22/1905 N.S. d.??/??/1985Scientist, Geographer, Russian
-- b.7/23/1809 d.4/28/1872 (62)Physician
-- b.8/21/1816 d.8/19/1856 (40)Chemist, FrenchMisc: developed a classification of organic compounds. His idea that all organic compounds were based on four main types ( i.e., hydrogen, hydrogen chloride, ammonia, and water) was opposed by his contemporaries.
-- b.8/16/1884 d.8/19/1967 (83)Inventor, PublisherMisc: Radio & electronic devices; responsible for Science Fiction becoming an independent literary form
-- b.6/21/1880 d.5/29/1961 (80)Physician, PsychologistMisc: who pioneered the use of motion-picture cameras to study the physical and mental development of normal infants and children; his books influenced child rearing in the United States.
-- b.5/2/1797 d.4/29/1864 (66)Geologist, Inventor, Physicist, CanadianMisc: invented kerosene
-- b.5/12/1895 d.3/28/1982 (86)Chemist, American, CanadianMisc: discovered method of producing temperatures near absolute zero
Josiah Willard Gibbs
-- b.2/11/1839 d.4/28/1903 (64)Scientist, Chemist, Engineer, Mathematician, Physicist, Theologian
-- b.2/21/1822 d.12/9/1908 (86)Chemist
William Francis Gibbs
-- b.8/24/1886 d.9/6/1967 (81)Architect, EngineerMisc: WWII Naval ships and destroyers
Edward George Gibson
-- b.11/8/1936Astronaut, Engineer, PhysicistMisc: Skylab 4
-- b.9/28/1833 d.11/17/1901 (68)Surgeon
Albert C. Gilbert
-- b.2/13/1884 d.1/24/1961 (76)Inventor, ManufacturerMisc: Erector set
-- b.3/21/1932Scientist, Biochemist, Physicist, Educator
-- b.5/24/1544 J-LD d.11/30/1603 J-LD (59)Philosopher, Scientist, Astronomer, Physician, EnglishMisc: a pioneer researcher into magnetism; regarded by some as "The Father of Electrial Engineering or Electricity and Magnetism"
-- b.7/7/1868 d.6/14/1924 (55)Engineer
Lillian Moller Gilbreth
-- b.5/24/1878 d.1/2/1972 (93)Engineer
-- b.12/27/1851 d.12/16/1935 (83)Inventor, English
-- b.6/12/1843 d.1/24/1914 (70)Astronomer, Scotish
Jocelyn Ruth Gill
-- b.10/29/1916 d.4/??/1984 (67)Astronomer
King Camp Gillette
-- b.1/5/1855 d.7/9/1932 (77)Inventor, ManufacturerMisc: Safety razor father
James Melville Gilliss
-- b.9/6/1811 d.2/9/1865 (53)Naval Officer, AstronomerMisc: founded the Naval Observatory in Washington, D.C., the first U.S. observatory devoted entirely to research.
-- b.10/4/1813 d.1/20/1894 (80)Soldier, Explorer, Pioneer
Robert Rowe Gilruth
-- b.10/8/1913 d.8/17/2000 (86)Aeronautical, Aviator, EngineerMisc: developed X-1, the first plane to break the sound barrier
-- b.2/14/1927 d.7/12/1987 (60)Explorer
-- b.8/5/1922 d.11/4/1973 (51)Author, Writer, Psychologist, Educator
-- b.7/29/1931 d.11/21/2012 (81)ChefNames/Places: NN:Mr. Food
Vitaly Lazarevich Ginzburg
-- b.9/21/1916 d.11/8/2009 (93)Physicist, Astrophysicist, SovietMisc: whose research ranged over superconductivity, theories of radio-wave propagation, radio astronomy, and the origin of cosmic rays.
-- b.11/27/1871 d.8/19/1950 (78)Physicist, ItalianMisc: who proposed a widely used system for the definition of electrical, magnetic, and mechanical units of measurement.
-- b.4/7/1809 d.2/7/1903 (93)Astronomer, Weatherman, English
Donald A. Glaser
-- b.9/21/1926 d.2/28/2013 (86)PhysicistMisc: winner of the Nobel Prize for Physics in 1960 for his invention and development of the bubble chamber (q.v.), a research instrument used to observe the behaviour of subatomic particles.
Sheldon Lee Glashow
-- b.12/5/1932Physicist, EducatorNames/Places: b. in New York CityMisc: electromagnetic interaction with Steven Weinberg and Abdus Salam (qq.v.) (Nobel Prize for Physics in 1979)
Dr. William Glasser
-- b.5/11/1925 d.8/23/2013 (88)Author, PsychiatristMisc: His unorthodox emphasis on personal responsibility for mental problems sold millions of books, caught the attention of educators and earned him an international following.
John Herschel Glenn Jr.
-- b.7/18/1921 d.12/8/2016 N.S. (95)Astronaut, SenatorNames/Places: b. in Cambridge, OhioMisc: the first American to orbit the Earth on 2-20-62
Joseph Farwell Glidden
-- b.1/18/1813 d.10/9/1906 (93)InventorMisc: invented the first commercially useable barbed wire
-- b.2/2/1817 d.5/1/1902 (85)Chemist, EnglishMisc: Sulfuric acid
-- b.10/30/1891 d.2/22/1955 (63)Scientist, Criminologist
Robert Hutchings Goddard
-- b.10/5/1882 d.8/10/1945 (62)Philosopher, PhysicistNames/Places: NN: The Father of Modern American Rocketry
-- b.4/28/1906 d.1/14/1978 (71)Mathematician, CzechMisc: Incompleteness Theorem
George Washington Goethals
-- b.6/29/1858 d.1/21/1928 (69)General, Army Officer, Scientist, EngineerMisc: chief engineer of the Panama Canal
-- b.5/22/1920 d.6/22/2004 (84)AstronomerMisc: established the steady-state theory of the universe.
-- b.7/16/1874 d.1/17/1929 (54)Physician, Austrian
-- b.4/18/1911 d.5/11/2011 (100)ScientistMisc: noted nuclear and particle physicist
-- b.12/17/1974 N.S.Chef
Dr. Peter Carl Goldmark
-- b.12/2/1906 d.12/7/1977 (71)Engineer, Inventor, TV Executive, HungarianMisc: of CBS; developed the first commercial colour-television system and the 33 1/3 revolutions-per-minute (rpm) long-playing (LP) phonograph record, which revolutionized the recording industry.
Joseph L. Goldstein
-- b.4/18/1940PhysicianMisc: Cholesterol research
-- b.7/7/1843 d.1/21/1926 (82)Neurologist, Physician, Italian
Sir Daniel Gooch
-- b.8/24/1816 d.10/15/1889 (73)Chef, EnglishMisc: laid the first successful transatlantic cables
Dame Jane Goodall
-- b.4/3/1934 N.S.Author, Anthropologist, Ethnologist, EnglishNames/Places: b. in London; Baroness van Lawick-GoodallMisc: studied African chimps
-- b.3/5/1836 d.12/12/1929 (93)PioneerMisc: Cattleman; Rancher
-- b.10/17/1886 d.9/20/1960 (73)ScientistMisc: mumps vaccine founder
-- b.4/21/1822 d.12/31/1900 (78)Inventor, ClergymanMisc: flexible photographic film
-- b.12/29/1800 d.7/1/1860 (59)InventorMisc: Goodyear Co. & Blimp founder; inventor (vulcanization process for rubber)
Sir Eugene Goossens
-- b.5/26/1893 d.6/13/1962 (69)Engineer, Conductor/Composer, English
-- b.1/8/1921 d.9/18/1994 (73)ScientistMisc: father of CPR
George Phineas Gordon
-- b.4/21/1810 d.1/27/1878 (67)Inventor, Printer
Dr. Jay Gordon
-- b.5/10/1948Author, PediatricianMisc: Children's Advocate
Richard Francis Gordon Jr.
-- b.10/5/1929 d.11/6/2017 N.S. (88)AstronautMisc: Gemini 11, Apollo 12
-- b.1/1/1923 d.8/26/1992 (69)Mathematician
William Crawford Gorgas
-- b.10/3/1854 d.7/3/1920 (65)Scientist, DoctorMisc: fought yellow fever and malaria with mosquito control
-- b.3/11/1938 d.6/7/1981 (43)Anthropologist, Archaeologist
-- b.10/3/1803 d.6/16/1855 (51)InventorMisc: Refrigeration & ice making process pioneer
Philip Henry Gosse
-- b.4/6/1810 d.8/23/1888 (78)InventorMisc: inventor of the institutional aquarium, writer (Omphalos); with that invention, it was the dawning of the age of .... AQUARIUMS (GROAN)
-- b.2/16/1877 d.6/1/1963 (86)InventorMisc: invented the plastic used to make artificial eyes
Benjamin Apthorp Gould
-- b.9/27/1824 d.11/26/1896 (72)AstronomerMisc: his star catalogs helped fix the list of constellations of the Southern Hemisphere.
-- b.11/8/1848 d.8/8/1922 (73)ScientistMisc: Ophthalmologist; first bifocal maker
-- b.7/17/1920 d.9/16/2005 (85)PhysicistMisc: coined the word "laser": acronym for Light Amplification Emission of Radiation; not b. July 19
-- b.8/22/1896 d.6/21/1995 (98)Explorer, GeologistMisc: the Map of Antarctica carries some names of landmards as tributes to him.
Stephen Jay Gould
-- b.9/10/1941 d.5/20/2002 (60)Author, Sci-fi Writer, Palentologist, Zoologist, Educator
-- b.3/19/1883 d.3/4/1957 (73)Surgeon
Sylvester W. Graham
-- b.7/5/1794 d.9/11/1851 (57)InventorMisc: Graham Crackers
Zenobe T. Gramme
-- b.4/4/1826 d.1/20/1901 (74)InventorMisc: the electric motor
-- b.8/29/1947 N.S.ScientistMisc: Professor of animal science and advocate for better conditions for livestock.
Ragnar A. Granit
-- b.10/30/1900 d.3/31/1990 (89)Physician, Physiologist, Finnish
-- b.3/27/1854 d.5/4/1925 (71)Scientist, Physician, Zoologist, Italian
-- b.??/??/???? d.9/1/1907 (86)PioneerMisc: Chicago's oldest settler
-- b.11/18/1810 d.1/30/1888 (77)Scientist, Botanist
-- b.8/2/1835 d.1/21/1901 (65)InventorMisc: Founder of the Western Electric Company, he filed a patent on a telephone device only hours after Alexander Graham Bell.
-- b.5/10/1755 d.9/??/1806Explorer, NavigatorMisc: first to carry the U.S. Flag around the world as the captain of the first ship to circumnavigate the globe and explorer of the Columbia River. Died between July and September of 1806
-- b.10/11/1878 d.2/15/1938 (59)Naval Officer, SurgeonMisc: U.S. Navy Medical Director
-- b.3/27/1844 d.10/20/1935 (91)Soldier, Explorer, PublisherMisc: founded National Geographic Society; Arctic explorer
Andrew M. Greeley
-- b.2/5/1928 d.5/29/2013 (85)Author, Sociologist, Reverend
George F. Green
-- b.??/??/1830 d.6/??/1892 (60)InventorMisc: patented the first electric dental drill on January 26, 1875
-- b.12/4/1858 d.7/5/1937 (78)InventorMisc: Earmuffs
John Robert Gregg
-- b.6/17/1867 d.2/23/1948 (80)Inventor, IrishMisc: inventor of the shorthand system
-- b.12/9/1969 N.S.Inventor, EntrepreneurMisc: invented a plastic earring organizerTV Shows: Shark Tank
-- b.1/31/1875 d.10/23/1939 (64)Novelist, DentistNames/Places: FN:PearlMisc: Western frontier, American West novels
Donald Redfield Griffin
-- b.8/3/1915 d.11/7/2003 (88)Physicist, Biophysicist, Zoologist
-- b.5/6/1871 N.S. d.12/13/1935 N.S. (64)Chemist, French
Francesco M. Grimaldi
-- b.4/2/1618 N.S. d.12/28/1663 N.S. (45)Mathematician, Physicist, Priest, ItalianMisc: Light defraction
George Bird Grinnell
-- b.9/20/1849 d.4/11/1938 (88)Author, NaturalistMisc: co-created Glacier National Park
Virgil "Gus" Grissom
-- b.4/3/1926 N.S. d.1/27/1967 N.S. (40)AstronautMisc: died in Apollo I fire
-- b.5/10/1909 d.4/28/1993 N.S. (83)Aviator, RussianMisc: one of the first female pilots in the Soviet Union
Robert Ellsworth Gross
-- b.5/11/1897 d.9/3/1961 (64)Aviator, ManufacturerMisc: airplanes
-- b.10/28/1875 d.2/4/1966 (90)Writer, Geographer, Editor, TurkeyMisc: National Geographic
Sir William Grove
-- b.7/11/1811 d.8/1/1896 (85)Physicist, Welsh (Wales)
-- b.1/4/1895 d.10/4/1982 (87)Aeronautical, Engineer
Charles Edward Guillaume
-- b.2/15/1861 d.6/13/1938 (77)Physicist, Swiss
-- b.1/11/1924Physiologist, French
Joseph Ignace Guillotin
-- b.5/28/1738 N.S. d.3/26/1814 N.S. (75)Inventor, Physician, FrenchMisc: of the Guillotine: a radical cure for dandruff (Ha Ha!)
Pierre Louis Guinand
-- b.??/??/1748 d.2/13/1824Glassmaker, Inventor, Optician, SwissNames/Places: aka P.L. Guinand
Cato Maximilian Guldberg
-- b.8/11/1836 d.1/14/1902 (65)Chemist, NorweiganMisc: with Peter Waage, formulated the law of mass action, which details the effect of concentration, mass, and temperature on chemical reaction rates.
-- b.6/5/1862 d.7/28/1930 (68)Scientist, SwedishMisc: Ophthalmologist
Massena "Andy" Gump
-- b.1/6/1910 d.8/10/1998 (88)InventorMisc: His portable toilet empire brought convienient relief to millions of Southern Californians for over 40 years
Dr. Sanjay Gupta
-- b.10/23/1969Doctor, CorrespondentMisc: CNN medical reporter
-- b.1/13/1866 N.S. or 1/13/1872 N.S. or 1/13/1877 N.S. d.10/29/1949 N.S.Author, ExplorerMisc: no source agrees when he was born
-- b.2/23/1400 J-LD d.2/3/1468 J-LD (67)Inventor, Printer, GermanMisc: moveable type print
-- b.2/27/1947Cosmologist, Physicist
Arnold Henry Guyot
-- b.9/28/1807 d.2/8/1884 (76)Geologist, Geographer, EducatorMisc: his extensive meteorological observations led to the founding of the U.S. Weather Bureau. The guyot, a flat-topped volcanic peak rising from the ocean floor, is named after him.