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Last Updated 03-04-2019

Irving B. Kahn -- b.9/30/1917 d.1/22/1994 (76)
Misc: the Teleprompter

Michio Kaku -- b.1/24/1947 N.S.
Scientist, Physicist
Misc: appearred in numerous television shows discussing physics
Book Titles: Physics of the Impossible, Physics of the Future

Mikhail Kalashnikov -- b.11/10/1919 d.12/23/2013 (94)
Inventor, Russian
Misc: of The AK-47, AKM, and AK-74 assault rifles

Herbert Kalmus -- b.11/9/1881 d.7/11/1963 (81)
Engraver, Scientist, Inventor
Misc: played a key role in developing technicolor film

Martin David Kamen -- b.8/27/1913 d.8/31/2002 (89)
Biochemist, Physicist, Canadian

Paul Kammerer -- b.8/17/1880 d.9/23/1926 (46)
Biologist, Austrian
Misc: claimed to have produced experimental evidence that acquired traits could be inherited.

Elisha Kent Kane -- b.2/3/1820 d.2/16/1857 (37)
Misc: Arctic explorer (Kane Basin off NW Greenland)

Adrian Kantrowitz -- b.10/4/1918 d.11/14/2008 (90)
Misc: Heart Surgeon

Pyotr Leonidovich Kapitsa -- b.6/26/1894 Ju-1 or 7/8/1894 N.S. d.4/8/1984 N.S. (89)
Physicist, Russian

Henry Kaplan -- b.4/24/1918 d.2/4/1984 (65)
Scientist, Inventor

Walter Karakawa -- b.9/13/1931 d.5/18/1993 (61)
Scientist, Microbiologist

Abram Kardiner -- b.8/17/1891 d.7/20/1981 (89)
Scientist, Psychoanalyst

Jerome Karle -- b.6/18/1918 d.6/6/2013 (94)
Chemist, Physicist

Paul Karrer -- b.4/21/1889 d.6/18/1971 (82)
Chemist, Russian, Swiss

Henry Kater -- b.4/16/1777 d.4/26/1835 (58)
Physicist, English

Sir Bernard Katz -- b.3/26/1911 d.4/20/2003 (92)
Scientist, Physician, Biophysicist, German
Misc: noted for his work on nerve biochemistry

Dr. Jonathan Katz -- b.12/1/1947
Psychiatrist, Actor, Comedian, Cartoon Voice Actor
TV Shows: Dr. Katz: Professional Therapist (star), Home Movies

John Kay -- b.7/16/1704 d.??/??/1764 or ??/??/1780
Inventor, English
Misc: machinist; Power Loom

Heinrich Kayser -- b.3/16/1853 d.10/14/1940 (87)
Physicist, German
Misc: discovered the presence of helium in the Earth's atmosphere; people later discovered how to get a high-pitched voice by inhailing it.; Perhaps that's where "Getting High" originated?

Samuel Keefer -- b.1/20/1811 d.1/7/1890 (78)
Engineer, Canadian
Misc: created Niagra Falls suspension bridge

James Keeler -- b.9/10/1857 d.8/12/1900 (42)
Misc: Rings of Saturn discoverer; who confirmed that Saturn's ring system is not a solid unit but is composed of a vast swarm of tiny particles.

William Williams Keen -- b.1/19/1837 d.6/7/1932 (95)
Misc: the first brain surgeon of the U.S.

Louis Keith -- b.4/24/1935

August Kekule -- b.9/7/1820 N.S. d.7/13/1896 N.S. (75)
Scientist, Chemist, German
Misc: introduced the chemical structure theory in 1857; noted for his work on the structure of benzene.

Kelis -- b.8/21/1979
Chef, Songwriter, Rhythm and Blues Singer, Hip Hop Performer
Names/Places: RN: Kelis Rogers, aka: Kelis Rogers-Jones
Song Titles: Milkshake
Album Titles: Kaleidoscope

Arthur C. Keller -- b.8/18/1901 d.8/25/1983 (82)
Misc: moving-coil playback stylus; a pioneer of high fidelity and stereophonic recording techniques

John Harvey Kellogg -- b.2/26/1852 d.12/14/1943 (91)
Inventor, Surgeon, Founder
Names/Places: b. in Tyrone, MI
Misc: accidentally invented dry cereal when they were seeking a more digestable bread for their sanitarium patients in Battle Creek, and found the principle of tempering grains, Kellogg Co. founder

Colin Kelly -- b.7/11/1915 d.12/10/1941 (26)
Misc: Army captain; the first WW2 hero

Howard Kelly -- b.2/20/1858 d.1/12/1943 (84)

William Kelly -- b.8/21/1811 d.2/11/1888 (76)
Misc: ironmaster who invented the pneumatic process of steelmaking, in which air is blown through molten pig iron to oxidize and remove unwanted impurities.

William Thomson Kelvin -- b.6/26/1824 d.12/17/1907 (83)
Engineer, Inventor, Mathematician, Physicist, Irish
Misc: 1st Baron Kelvin; Absolute temperature scale

Edward Kendall -- b.3/8/1886 d.5/4/1972 (86)
Misc: isolated cortisone (Nobel 1950)

Henry Way Kendall -- b.12/9/1926 d.2/15/1999 (72)

Sir John Kendrew -- b.3/24/1917 d.8/23/1997 (80)
Scientist, Biologist, English

Pearl Kendrick -- b.8/24/1890 d.10/8/1980 (90)
Scientist, Microbiologist
Misc: known for co-developing the first vaccine for whooping cough

Dr. Joseph William Kennedy -- b.5/30/1916 d.5/5/1957 (40)
Misc: one of four co-discoverers of Plutonium

Arthur Edwin Kennelly -- b.12/17/1861 d.6/18/1939 (77)
Engineer, India
Misc: electircal; Edison's assistant

Robert Kennicott -- b.11/13/1835 d.5/13/1866 (30)
Explorer, Naturalist

Sean Kenniff -- b.11/27/1969
Physician, Actor
TV Shows: Survivor

Sister Elizabeth Kenny -- b.9/20/1880 d.11/30/1952 (72)
Scientist, Nurse, Australian
Misc: pioneered the care of polio victims

Arthur Kent -- b.12/3/1873 d.3/4/1949 (75)
Inventor, Industrialist
Misc: a prominent manufacturer and the first radio mass-producer

Simon Kenton -- b.4/3/1755 d.4/29/1836 (81)
Explorer, Pioneer
Misc: Daniel Boone scout

Johannes Kepler -- b.12/27/1571 d.11/15/1630 (58)
Astronomer, Mathematician, German
Misc: Father of Modern Astronomy; planetary motion laws, discovered planets travel in eliptical orbits.

Graham Kerr -- b.1/22/1934
Chef, TV Host, English
TV Shows: Galloping Gourmet

Joseph Kerwin -- b.2/19/1932
Astronaut, Physician

Charles F. Kettering -- b.8/29/1876 d.11/25/1958 (82)
Engineer, Inventor
Misc: automobile self-starter

Dr. Jack Kevorkian -- b.5/26/1928 d.6/3/2011 (83)
Doctor, Inventor
Misc: self-suicide machine

John Maynard Keynes -- b.6/5/1883 d.4/21/1946 (62)
Mathematician, Journalist, Economist, English, Gay
Names/Places: b. in Cambridge; 1st Baron of Tilton

Richard Darwin Keynes -- b.8/14/1919 d.6/12/2010 (90)
Physiologist, British
Misc: first to trace the movements of sodium and potassium during the transmission of a nerve impulse by using radioactive sodium and potassium.

Omar Khayyam -- b.5/18/1048 d.12/4/1131 (83)
Poet, Philosopher, Astronomer, Mathematician
Misc: Persian

Alfred Kidder -- b.10/29/1885 d.6/11/1963 (77)

Adolph Kiefer -- b.6/27/1918 N.S. d.5/5/2017 N.S. (98)
Inventor, Swimmer, Olympic Athlete
Misc: 100m backstroke swimmer (Olympic-gold-1936); inventor of competetive swim equipment and water safety gear.

William H. Kilpatrick -- b.11/20/1871 d.2/13/1965 (93)
Philosopher, Mathematician, Educator
Misc: father of progressive education

Jim Yong Kim -- b.12/8/1959
Anthropologist, Physician, Businessperson
Misc: World Bank President

Charles Glenn King -- b.10/22/1896 d.1/23/1988 (91)
Misc: well known for his isolation of vitamin C.

Samuel Archer King -- b.4/9/1828 d.11/3/1914 (86)
Scientist, Aeronautical, Balloonist

Alfred C. Kinsey -- b.6/23/1894 d.8/25/1956 (62)
Author, Scientist, Sexologist
Book Titles: The Sexual Behavior of the Human Male

John Kinzie -- b.12/3/1763 d.1/6/1828 (64)

Frederic Stanley Kipping -- b.8/16/1863 d.5/1/1949 (85)
Chemist, British
Misc: pioneered in the chemistry of silicones, organic derivatives of silicon.

Will Kirby -- b.1/2/1973 N.S.
Doctor, Italian

John Kirk -- b.12/19/1832 d.1/15/1922 (89)
Naturalist, Scotish
Misc: David Livingston companion

Dr. Jared Kirtland -- b.11/10/1793 d.12/10/1877 (84)
Naturalist, Physician
Misc: co-founder of the Cleveland Academy of Natural Sciences (later the National History Museum), prominent Lakewood settler.

Richard Kirwan -- b.8/1/1733 d.6/22/1812 (78)
Chemist, Geologist, Irish
Misc: known for his contributions in several areas of science.

Shibasaburō Kitasato -- b.1/29/1853 N.S. d.6/13/1931 N.S. (78)
Scientist, Bacteriologist, Japanese

Björn Kjellström -- b.9/9/1910 N.S. d.8/26/1995 N.S. (84)
Inventor, Swedish
Misc: inventor of the Compass

Martin Klaproth -- b.12/1/1743 d.1/1/1817 (73)
Chemist, German
Names/Places: b. Wernigerode, Brandenburg; d. Berlin
Misc: German chemist who discovered uranium (1789), zirconium (1789), and cerium (1803). He described them as distinct elements, though he did not obtain them in the pure metallic state.

Edwin Klebs -- b.2/6/1834 d.10/23/1913 (79)
Pathologist, German, Swiss

Melanie Klein -- b.3/30/1882 d.9/22/1960 (78)
Scientist, Psychoanalyst, British

Nathan Kline -- b.3/22/1916 d.2/11/1983 (66)

Thomas Andrew Knight -- b.8/12/1759 N.S. d.5/11/1838 N.S. (78)
Scientist, Horticulturist, English

William (Pete) Knight -- b.11/18/1929 d.5/7/2004 (74)
Astronaut, Aviator, Politician
Misc: X-15 pilot

Charles Knowlton -- b.5/10/1800 d.2/20/1850 (49)
Misc: whose popular treatise on birth control, the object of celebrated court actions in the United States and England, initiated the widespread use of contraceptives.

Thomas Wallace Knox -- b.6/26/1835 d.1/6/1896 (60)
Author, Explorer, Journalist

Robert Koch -- b.12/11/1843 d.5/27/1910 (66)
Bacteriologist, Physician, German
Misc: discovered TB bacillis (Nobel-1905)

Theodor Kocher -- b.8/25/1841 d.7/27/1917 (75)
Pioneer, Surgeon, Swiss
Misc: thyroid gland work (Nobel 1909)

Friedrich Koenig -- b.4/17/1774 d.1/17/1833 (58)
Inventor, German
Misc: the high speed printing press

Georges J. F. Köhler -- b.4/17/1946 d.3/1/1995 N.S. (48)
Scientist, Biologist, German
Misc: immunology research

Adolph Kolbe -- b.9/27/1818 d.11/25/1884 (66)
Chemist, German
Misc: who accomplished one of the first syntheses of an organic compound from inorganic materials.

William Kolff -- b.2/14/1911 d.2/11/2009 (97)
Physician, Dutch (Netherlands)

Paul Kollsman -- b.2/22/1900 d.3/17/1982 (82)
Engineer, Inventor, German
Misc: of the altimeter

Andrey Kolmogorov -- b.4/25/1903 d.10/20/1987 (84)
Mathematician, Russian

Josef Gottlieb Kölreuter -- b.4/27/1733 N.S. d.11/11/1806 N.S. (73)
Scientist, Botanist, German
Misc: who was a pioneer in the study of plant hybrids. He was first to develop a scientific application of the discovery, made in 1694 by the German botanist Rudolph Jacob Camerarius, of sex in plants.

Vladimir Komarov -- b.3/16/1927 d.4/24/1967 (40)
Navigator, Russian
Misc: is the first to die in space aboard Russian's Soyuz 1.

Zdeněk Kopal -- b.4/4/1914 d.6/23/1993 (79)
Astronomer, Austrian

Arthur Korn -- b.5/20/1870 d.12/22/1945 (75)
Physicist, German
Misc: may have died Dec 21, 1945

Arthur Kornberg -- b.3/3/1918 d.10/26/2007 (89)
Scientist, Biochemist, Physician
Misc: Nobel 1959 Biochemist

Alfred Korzybski -- b.7/3/1879 d.3/1/1950 (70)
Linguist, Philosopher, Biochemist, American, Polish

Peter Kosloff -- b.??/??/???? d.9/27/1935 (72)
Archaeologist, Explorer, Russian

Albrecht Kossel -- b.9/16/1853 d.7/5/1927 (73)
Biochemist, Physiologist, German
Misc: understanding the chemistry of nucleic acids and proteins.

Otto Kotzebue -- b.12/30/1787 d.2/15/1846 (58)
Explorer, Navigator

Sonya Kovalevski -- b.1/15/1850 d.2/10/1891 (41)
Mathematician, Russian

Christopher Kraft -- b.2/28/1924
Misc: NASA spokesman: voice of Mission Control during the Mercury and Gemini space missions

James Kraft -- b.12/11/1874 d.2/16/1953 (78)
Inventor, Manufacturer, Canadian
Misc: pasteurizing process for cheese; Kraft Co. founder

Bernie Krause -- b.12/8/1938
Ecologist, Songwriter, Folk Singer
Group Names: The Weavers

Charles Krauthammer -- b.3/13/1950 N.S. d.6/21/2018 N.S. (68)
Author, Physician, Commentator, Columnist

Hans Krebs -- b.8/25/1900 d.11/22/1981 (81)
Biochemist, British, German

Ernst Kretschmer -- b.10/8/1888 d.2/8/1964 (75)
Psychiatrist, German
Misc: attempted to correlate body build and physical constitution with personality characteristics and mental illness.

Dr. Mathilde Krim -- b.7/9/1926 d.1/15/2018 N.S. (91)
Geneticist, Philanthropist, Italian
Misc: the founding chairman of amfAR: the American Foundation of AIDS research

Alfred L. Kroeber -- b.6/11/1876 d.10/5/1960 (84)
Misc: textbook author

August Krogh -- b.11/15/1874 d.9/13/1949 (74)
Physiologist, Danish (Denmark)

Valery Kubasov -- b.1/7/1935 d.2/19/2014 N.S. (79)
Cosmonaut, Russian
Misc: performed the first welding experients in space

Kublai Khan -- b.9/23/1215 d.2/18/1294 (78)
Misc: Mongol conqueror and Emperor

Elisabeth Kubler-Ross -- b.7/8/1926 d.4/24/2004 (77)
Psychologist, American, Swiss

Patricia K. Kuhl -- b.11/5/1946
Misc: speech and hearing

Richard Kuhn -- b.12/3/1900 d.8/1/1967 (66)
Biochemist, Austrian, German
Names/Places: b. in Vienna, Austria-Hungary, d. Heidelberg, W.Germany
Misc: was awarded the 1938 Nobel Prize for Chemistry for work on carotenoids and vitamins. Forbidden by the Nazis to accept the award, he finally received his diploma and gold medal after World War II.

Gerard Kuiper -- b.12/7/1905 d.12/23/1973 (68)
Scientist, Astronomer, Dutch (Netherlands)
Misc: discovered the moons of Uranus and Neptune

Fred August Kummerow -- b.10/4/1914 N.S. d.5/31/2017 N.S. (102)
Biochemist, American, German
Misc: an opponent of articicial trans fats; established the connection between trans fats and heart disease

Polycarp Kusch -- b.1/26/1911 d.3/20/1993 (82)
Physicist, German

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