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Last Updated 04-04-2018
-- b.6/17/1841 d.3/24/1912 (70)Physicist, Italian
-- b.9/7/1912 d.3/26/1996 (83)Engineer, BusinesspersonMisc: co-founder of Hewlett-Packard Co.
-- b.11/5/1863 d.3/20/1928 (64)Engineer, Inventor, BusinesspersonMisc: Packard Automobile Co. founder
-- b.1/25/1812 d.5/5/1868 (56)Chemist, Inventor, Physician
Robert Morris Page
-- b.6/2/1903 d.5/15/1992 (88)PhysicistMisc: who, in the 1930s, invented the technology for pulse radar, a system that detects and locates distant objects through the use of short bursts of electromagnetic radiation.
Sir James Paget
-- b.1/11/1814 d.12/30/1899 (85)Surgeon, BritishMisc: founder of pathology
Henri J. Paixhans
-- b.1/22/1783 d.8/22/1854 (71)InventorMisc: an artilleryman who had a major influence on the development of heavy artillery.
-- b.11/19/1912 d.10/8/2008 (95)Scientist, Biologist, Romanian
Dr. Jonathan Palmer
-- b.11/7/1957Doctor, Auto Racer, EnglishMisc: Formula 1 racer, CEO of MotorSport Vision
-- b.10/9/1942 d.10/30/2013 (71)Novelist, PhysicianMisc: Medical thriller novelist
Nathaniel Brown Palmer
-- b.8/8/1799 d.6/21/1877 (77)ExplorerMisc: Sea Captain; Ship Designer; sighted Antarctica on 11-18-1820
Friedrich Adolf Paneth
-- b.8/31/1887 d.9/17/1958 (71)Chemist, Austrian
-- b.10/28/1895 d.3/29/1958 (62)AviatorNames/Places: NN:Upside Down PangbornMisc: the first to fly nonstop across the Pacific Ocean from Tokyo to Washington with Hugh Herndon Jr. in 1931
George N. Papandreou
-- b.5/13/1883 d.2/19/1962 (78)Physician, Greek
-- b.11/26/1894 d.1/30/1986 (91)Explorer, Russian
-- b.8/22/1647 d.??/??/1712Inventor, Physicist, FrenchMisc: the pressure cooker and suggested the first cylinder and piston steam engine; d. 1712?
-- b.11/4/1920 d.11/11/2011 (91)Mathematician, Belgiumese
-- b.12/17/1493 d.9/24/1541 (47)PhysicianNames/Places: RN:Aureolus Theophrastus Bombastus von Hohenheim
-- b.7/15/1848 d.8/19/1923 (75)Sociologist, Economist, Italian
-- b.9/10/1771 d.1/??/1806 (34)Explorer, Scotish
-- b.11/1/1863 d.7/19/1937 (73)Inventor, ManufacturerMisc: the fountain pen
-- b.??/??/1695 or ??/??/1697 d.3/17/1764Astronomer, English
-- b.12/23/1864 d.3/26/1955 (90)Scientist, Zoologist
-- b.4/1/1953 d.8/3/1993 (40)BiologistMisc: specialized in the Neotropics.
-- b.9/2/1800 d.4/25/1884 (83)Surgeon
-- b.12/29/1813 d.6/29/1890 (76)Chemist, Inventor, British
-- b.3/29/1819 d.3/15/1876 (56)Physician, Surgeon, BritishMisc: founder of modern hygiene
-- b.4/11/1755 d.12/21/1824 (69)Physician, Surgeon, BritishMisc: Parkinson's Disease founder
Robert Parker Parrott
-- b.10/5/1804 d.12/24/1877 (73)InventorMisc: the Parrott Gun, the most formiddable cannon of its time.
Sir William Edward Parry
-- b.12/19/1790 d.7/8/1855 (64)Explorer, Navigator, EnglishMisc: explored the Arctic
-- b.12/20/1948Engineer, Music Producer, BritishGroup Names: Alan Parson's Project
Sir Charles Algernon Parsons
-- b.6/13/1854 d.2/11/1931 (76)Inventor, BritishMisc: Steam turbine
-- b.2/14/1819 d.1/4/1906 (86)Scientist, Horticulturist
-- b.6/19/1623 d.8/19/1662 (39)Philosopher, Mathematician, Physicist, FrenchMisc: calculus
-- b.3/8/1840 d.10/23/1892 (52)Explorer, Prussian
Dr. Louis Pasteur
-- b.12/27/1822 d.9/28/1895 (72)Bacteriologist, Chemist, FrenchNames/Places: b. in DoleMisc: Pasteurizationalist of milk; founder of microbiology & science of immunology, rabies treatment, food preservation
Francis Daniel Pastorius
-- b.9/26/1651 d.9/1/1720 (68)Pioneer, Colonist, German
-- b.8/17/1755 d.6/21/1810 (54)Revolutionary, Explorer, Naturalist, British
-- b.12/25/1863 d.12/26/1957 (94)Inventor, Executive, Movie Producer, FrenchMisc: pioneer of Motion Picture Equipment, controlled a vast network of production and distribution facilities that dominated the world film market during the first years of the 20th century.
-- b.4/7/1901 d.??/??/????Physician
-- b.6/9/1915 d.8/12/2009 (94)Inventor, Arranger, Lyricist, Singer, GuitaristNames/Places: b. in Waukesha, WI; NN:Wizard of Waukesha; NN:Daddy; RN:Lester William PolfusMisc: some say b. 1916; 8-Track tape unit, overdubbing, & slide-body electric guitar inventor
-- b.8/10/1913 d.12/6/1993 (80)Physicist, German
-- b.4/25/1900 d.12/15/1958 (58)Physicist, Austrian
-- b.2/28/1901 d.8/19/1994 (93)Author, Chemist, PhysicistNames/Places: MN:Carl; b. in Portland, OregonMisc: two-time Nobel laureate who charted the chemical underpinnings of life itself, worked for nuclear peace and touted the benefits of vitamin C.
-- b.9/14/1849 Ju-1 or 9/26/1849 N.S. d.2/27/1936 N.S. (86)Scientist, Physiologist, RussianNames/Places: MN:PetrovichMisc: pioneers in psychology (Nobel 1904)
-- b.10/20/1963 N.S.Astronaut, Engineer, Canadian
-- b.4/7/1972 N.S.Astronaut, English
Titian Ramsey Peale
-- b.11/17/1799 d.3/13/1885 (85)Artist, Painter, Explorer, Naturalist
-- b.8/27/1858 d.4/20/1932 (73)Mathematician, ItalianMisc: symbolic logics
Robert Edwin Peary
-- b.5/6/1856 d.2/20/1920 (63)ExplorerMisc: Arctic, North Pole
Donald Curloss Peattie
-- b.6/21/1898 d.11/16/1964 (66)Author, Botanist, Naturalist
Annie Smith Peck
-- b.10/19/1850 d.7/18/1935 (84)ExplorerMisc: mountain climber
-- b.11/12/1944Mathematician, TV Hostess, SingerNames/Places: wife of Doug MomaryMisc: retired after one year in 1972TV Shows: New Zoo Revue (as Emmy Jo)
-- b.4/4/1809 d.10/6/1880 (71)Astronomer, Mathematician, EducatorMisc: computed the general perturbations of the planets Uranus and Neptune.
Charles Sanders Peirce
-- b.9/10/1839 d.4/19/1914 (74)Philosopher, Scientist, PragmatistMisc: Logic Relationist
-- b.3/1/1611 J-LD d.12/12/1685 J-LD (74)Mathematician, EnglishMisc: introduced the division sign
-- b.7/8/1831 d.8/16/1888 (57)InventorMisc: Pharmacist; invented Coca Cola
-- b.10/14/1644 J-LD or 10/24/1644 N.S. d.7/30/1718 (73)Pioneer, Quaker, Colonist, EnglishMisc: Pennsylvania founder
Lord William Penney
-- b.6/24/1909 d.3/3/1991 (81)Scientist, Inventor, Physicist, EnglishMisc: British atomic bomb developer
Sir Roger Penrose
-- b.8/8/1931Mathematician, Physicist, EnglishMisc: relativist who in the 1960s calculated many of the basic features of black holes.
Arno Allan Penzias
-- b.4/26/1933Astronomer, Physicist, Astrophysicist, GermanMisc: he won a Nobel Prize for a discovery that supported the "big bang" theory of creation.
-- b.12/18/1935Author, Chef, Personality, French
-- b.5/28/1916 d.5/10/1990 (73)Novelist, Philosopher, Physician, PsychiatristMisc: Great southern writer; B. 5-14?
Sir William Henry Perkin
-- b.3/12/1838 d.7/14/1907 (69)Inventor, EnglishMisc: first artificial dye
-- b.7/9/1766 d.7/30/1849 (83)Inventor
-- b.3/28/1905 d.6/14/1986 (81)Author, Naturalist, Zoologist, TV HostNames/Places: d. in St. LouisMisc: some say b. 1902TV Shows: Mutual of Omaha's Wild Kingdom
Roger Griswold Perkins
-- b.5/17/1874 d.3/28/1936 (61)Scientist, ProfessorMisc: responsible for the filtration and chlorination of the Cleveland water supply
-- b.9/25/1613 N.S. d.10/9/1688 N.S. (75)Architect, Scientist, French
-- b.8/2/1867 d.1/12/1943 (75)ScientistMisc: Volcanologist
-- b.9/30/1870 d.4/17/1942 (71)Physicist, FrenchMisc: studied the Brownian motion of minute particles suspended in liquids and thereby confirmed the atomic nature of matter; Nobel 1926
-- b.7/28/1867 d.6/21/1951 (83)Astronomer
Neil (Chef) Perry
-- b.6/29/1957 N.S.Chef, Australian
-- b.10/11/1927Engineer, Mathematician, Government Official, BusinesspersonMisc: former U.S. Defense Secretary
M. F. Perutz
-- b.5/19/1914 d.2/6/2002 (87)Biochemist, Biologist, British
Laurence J. Peter
-- b.9/16/1919 d.1/12/1990 (70)Author, Psychologist, Educator, CanadianMisc: expander of The Peter Principle
-- b.9/19/1813 d.7/18/1890 (76)Astronomer, GermanMisc: one of the first to discover asteroids
Roger Tory Peterson
-- b.8/28/1908 d.7/28/1996 (87)Author, Scientist, Ornithologist
Sir Flinders Petrie
-- b.6/3/1853 d.7/28/1942 (89)Scientist, Archaeologist, English
-- b.6/7/1829 d.3/16/1910 (80)Physiologist, German
-- b.4/27/1968 N.S.Author, ScientistMisc: science educator
-- b.1/5/1923 d.7/30/2003 (80)Engineer, Businessperson, Music Producer, Radio Disc JockMisc: Founder of Sun Records, discovered Elvis Presley, Jerry Lee Lewis, Johnny Cash, Carl Perkins, Charlie Rich, and Roy Orbison
-- b.8/9/1896 d.9/17/1980 (84)Psychologist, Zoologist, India
-- b.7/16/1746 d.7/22/1826 (80)Author, Astronomer, ItalianMisc: discovered the first asteroid -Ceres
-- b.7/24/1856 d.12/11/1941 (85)Mathematician, FrenchMisc: Functions & Differentials
-- b.7/21/1620 d.7/12/1682 (61)Astronomer, French
Captain Jean-Luc Picard
-- b.7/13/2305Explorer, French, General Fictious CharacterMisc: led the starship Enterprise NCC-1701-D
-- b.1/28/1884 d.3/24/1962 (78)Explorer, Physicist, Swiss
-- b.7/28/1922 d.11/1/2008 (86)Explorer, Inventor, SwissMisc: made deepest ocean dive ever at 35,800 feet in 1960
Jean Felix Piccard
-- b.1/28/1884 d.1/28/1963 (79)Scientist, Engineer, Explorer, Professor, Swiss
Jeannette Ridlon Piccard
-- b.1/5/1895 d.5/17/1981 (86)Aviator, BalloonistMisc: one of the first American women to qualify as a free balloon pilot in 1934
Greenleaf Whittier Pickard
-- b.2/14/1877 d.1/8/1956 (78)EngineerMisc: invented the crystal detector (one of the first devices widely used for receiving radio broadcasts) and who was also one of the first scientists to demonstrate the wireless electromagnetic transmission of speech.
Charles Edward Pickering
-- b.7/19/1846 d.2/3/1919 (72)Astronomer, PhysicistMisc: pioneered American spectroscopist
-- b.2/15/1858 d.1/17/1938 (79)AstronomerMisc: discoverer of the 9th & 10th moons of Saturn
William Hayward Pickering
-- b.12/24/1910 d.3/15/2004 (93)Engineer, PhysicistMisc: head of the team that developed Explorer 1, the first U.S. satellite.
George Washington Pierce
-- b.1/11/1872 d.8/25/1956 (84)InventorMisc: a pioneer in radiotelephony and a noted teacher of communication engineering.
-- b.1/5/1779 d.4/27/1813 (34)Soldier, ExplorerMisc: sighted Pike's Peak in Colorado
-- b.??/??/1670 d.11/18/1732InventorMisc: Jeweler; Clockmaker; copper & zinc alloy
-- b.4/9/1903 d.8/22/1967 (64)Scientist, BiologistMisc: invented the oral contraceptive (birth control) pill; survived by no-one
-- b.4/20/1745 d.10/25/1826 (81)Physician, FrenchMisc: founder of psychiatry
Sir Isaac Pitman
-- b.1/4/1813 d.1/12/1897 (84)Inventor, EnglishMisc: invented the Phonetic Shorthand System
-- b.??/??/1471 or ??/??/1475 or ??/??/1476 d.6/26/1541Explorer, SpanishMisc: Conquistador
-- b.4/23/1858 d.10/3/1947 (89)Physicist, GermanMisc: Quantum (leap?) theory; Planck Constant (Nobel 1918); d. Oct 4?
-- b.7/16/1801 d.5/22/1868 (66)Astronomer, Mathematician, Physicist, German
Roy J. Plunkett
-- b.6/26/1910 d.5/12/1994 (83)Chemist, InventorMisc: discovered teflon in 1938
-- b.1/23/1930 d.3/3/2014 (84)Author, Astronaut, Teacher
Jules "Henri" Poincare
-- b.4/29/1854 d.7/17/1912 (58)Astronomer, Mathematician, Physicist, FrenchMisc: influenced cosmogony, relativity, and topology and was a gifted interpreter of science to a wide public.
-- b.6/21/1781 d.4/25/1840 (58)Mathematician, FrenchMisc: known for his work on definite integrals, electromagnetic theory, and probability.
Dr. Jan Pol
-- b.9/4/1942 N.S.Doctor, Veterinarian, TV Talk Show Host, PersonalityNames/Places: pron: YahnTV Shows: The Incredible Dr. Pol
-- b.12/18/1661 d.8/30/1751 (89)Inventor
James B. Pollack
-- b.7/9/1938 d.6/13/1994 (55)ScientistMisc: NASA researcher who helped develop the theory that atomic war would result in a "nuclear winter."
-- b.9/15/1254 d.1/9/1324 (69)Writer, Explorer, Traveler, ItalianMisc: His exact date and place of birth are archivally unknown
-- b.??/??/1728 d.5/16/1766 (27)Engineer
Jean Louis Pons
-- b.12/24/1761 N.S. d.10/14/1831 N.S. (69)Astronomer, FrenchMisc: the greatest visual comet discoverer of all time.
-- b.11/29/1907 d.9/25/1999 (91)Geneticist, Italian
-- b.1/22/1915 d.7/17/1984 (69)InventorMisc: Veg-O-Matic
-- b.10/5/1930 d.9/30/2009 (78)Cosmonaut, RussianMisc: piloted the Vostok 4 spacecraft, launched Aug. 12, 1962. He and Andriyan G. Nikolayev, who was launched a day earlier in Vostok 3, became the first two men to be in space simultaneously.
Edwin S. Porter
-- b.4/21/1869 d.4/30/1941 (72)Inventor, Movie Producer/DirectorMisc: co-invented motion picture camera with Edison; Motion picture pioneer; directed the first picture with a continuous story: The Great Train RobberyMovie Titles: The Great Train Robbery
Gene Stratton Porter
-- b.8/17/1863 d.12/6/1924 (61)Author, Naturalist
-- b.10/8/1917 d.9/7/1985 (67)Biochemist, BritishMisc: antibody structure determination
-- b.11/22/1899 d.8/15/1935 (35)Adventurer, AviatorMisc: Parachutist; first pilot to fly solo around the world
-- b.11/23/1869 d.7/23/1942 (72)InventorMisc: made first magnetic recordings on a wire
-- b.3/3/1897 d.6/4/1978 (81)Scientist, Explorer, Geophysicist
Alvin F. Poussaint
-- b.5/15/1934Author, Psychiatrist, ProfessorMisc: wrote numerous books on child psychiatry
-- b.12/5/1903 d.8/9/1969 (65)Physicist, Educator, EnglishMisc: winner of the Nobel Prize for Physics in 1950 for his development of the photographic method of studying nuclear processes and for the resulting discovery of the pion (pi-meson), a heavy subatomic particle.
John Wesley Powell
-- b.3/24/1834 d.9/23/1902 (68)Anthropologist, Explorer, Geologist
Francis Gary Powers
-- b.8/17/1929 d.5/1/1977 (47)Aviator, Spy
John Henry Poynting
-- b.9/9/1852 d.3/30/1914 (61)Physician, British
-- b.2/15/1827 d.2/10/1902 (74)Engineer, InventorMisc: Toolmaker; introduced interchangable parts
-- b.7/4/1812 d.??/??/1875EngineerMisc: died on May 16, 1875?
-- b.7/23/1906 d.1/7/1998 (91)Chemist
-- b.12/4/1924Scientist, GeophysicistMisc: geophysicist known for his investigations of the structure of the Earth's crust and mantle and the mechanics of earthquakes.
-- b.3/13/1733 Ju-1 or 3/24/1733 N.S. d.2/6/1804 (70)Chemist, Clergyman, Theologian, EnglishMisc: discovered oxygen, sulfur dioxide, silicon fluoride and ammonia, invented pneumatic trough.
-- b.1/25/1917 d.5/28/2003 (86)Chemist, RussianMisc: thermodynamics
-- b.11/29/1919 d.10/29/1994 (74)Anthropologist, Teacher, Choreographer, Dancer
Prince Henry The Navigator
-- b.3/4/1394 d.11/13/1460 (66)Navigator, PrinceMisc: Prince of Portugal; sponsored Portuguese voyages of discovery
-- b.2/29/1808 d.5/28/1893 (85)Astronomer, British
Henry S. Pritchett
-- b.4/16/1857 d.8/28/1939 (82)Astronomer, Executive, EducatorMisc: MIT president
-- b.8/29/1915 d.2/21/1985 (69)Scientist, Nutritionist
-- b.7/11/1916 d.1/8/2002 (85)Physicist, Russian
-- b.8/25/1872 d.5/2/1951 (78)ScientistMisc: manufacturer who established the nation's first profit-sharing plan for employees.
Pierre Joseph Proudhon
-- b.1/15/1809 d.1/19/1865 (56)Dramatist/Playwright, Theorist, Theologian, AnarchistNames/Places: aka Moliere
Joseph Louis Proust
-- b.9/26/1754 d.7/5/1826 (71)Chemist, FrenchMisc: principle of the constant composition of chemical compounds
-- b.7/13/1940 d.10/8/2015 N.S. (75)ChefMisc: Cajun chef; Looks like Dom DeLuise
-- b.??/??/???? d.??/??/????Astronomer, GeographerNames/Places: RN:Claudius PtolemaeusMisc: fl.c.200AD
George Mortimer Pullman
-- b.3/3/1831 d.10/19/1897 (66)Inventor, FinancierNames/Places: b. in Brocton, NY; Railroad Sleeping & Dining cars
Raphael W. Pumpelly
-- b.9/8/1837 d.8/10/1923 (85)Explorer, GeologistMisc: his studies and explorations of the iron-ore and copper deposits in the Lake Superior region in 1866-75.
Edward M. Purcell
-- b.8/30/1912 d.3/7/1997 (84)PhysicistMisc: joint winner, with Felix Bloch of the United States, of the Nobel Prize for Physics in 1952 for his independent discovery (1946) of nuclear magnetic resonance in liquids and in solids.
-- b.10/3/1846 d.11/4/1918 (72)Physician
-- b.??/??/580BC d.??/??/500BCPhilosopher, Mathematician, Greek