You are at the section Science and Tech Birthdays a2z
Last Updated 06-02-2020
-- b.??/??/1494 or ??/??/1483 d.4/9/1553Writer, Satirist, Physicist, French
Isidor Isaac "I.I." Rabi
-- b.7/29/1898 d.1/11/1988 (89)Physicist, AustrianMisc: atom explorer-Nobel 1944
-- b.9/30/1813 N.S. d.7/22/1893 N.S. (79)Explorer, Physician, Surgeon, ScottishMisc: of the Canadian Arctic
Dr. Froelich Rainey
-- b.6/18/1907 d.10/11/1992 (85)Anthropologist, DirectorMisc: of the University of Pennsylvania Museum
-- b.12/9/1917 d.5/31/1986 (68)PhysicistMisc: atomic nuclei shapes
Sir Walter Raleigh
-- b.1/22/1552 J-LD d.10/29/1618 J-LD (66)Poet, Soldier, Explorer, Navigator, Outlaw, Courtier, EnglishMisc: was accused of trason in a plot to oust King James I and was beheaded.
-- b.11/7/1888 d.11/21/1970 (82)Physicist, India
-- b.11/8/1966Chef, ScottishTV Shows: Hell's Kitchen (ITV)
Sir William Ramsay
-- b.10/2/1852 d.7/23/1916 (63)Chemist, ScottishMisc: discovered neon, krypton and xenon, co-discovered argon, radon, calcium and barium, 1904 Nobel.
-- b.10/6/1735 d.11/5/1800 (65)Inventor, EnglishMisc: pioneer in the design of precision tools.
Norman Foster Ramsey
-- b.8/27/1915 d.11/4/2011 (96)Physicist
William M. J. Rankine
-- b.7/5/1820 d.12/24/1872 (52)Engineer, Physicist, Publisher, Scottish
-- b.6/7/1879 d.12/21/1933 (54)ExplorerMisc: Danish-Greenlandian; Arctic pole explorer
Dixy Lee Ray
-- b.9/3/1914 d.1/2/1994 (79)Explorer, GovernorMisc: at age 12 was the youngest girl to climb Mt. Rainer in Washington
-- b.11/29/1627 J-LD d.1/17/1705 J-LD (77)Naturalist, British
-- b.8/25/1968Chef, TV HostessTV Shows: Rachael Ray's Tasty Travels, $40 a Day, 30 Minute Meals, Rachael Ray Show
Lord John William Strutt Rayleigh
-- b.11/12/1842 d.6/30/1919 (76)Physicist, EnglishMisc: chancellor of Cambridge (1908-14); co-discovered argon, 1904 Nobel
Albert C. Read
-- b.3/29/1887 d.10/10/1967 (80)Naval Officer, Aviator
-- b.12/22/1911 d.12/20/2002 (90)AstronomerMisc: radio engineer who built the first radio telescope and was largely responsible for the early development of radio astronomy, which opened an entirely new research front in the study of the universe.
-- b.5/7/1921 d.5/31/1985 (64)Author, Mountaineer, FrenchMisc: Mountain climber
-- b.5/2/1892 d.4/21/1918 (25)Aviator, GermanNames/Places: RN:Manfred Von Ricthoven; NN: The Red BaronMisc: he shot down more than 80 enemy aircraft during World War I and became known as "The Red Baron."
William Charles Redfield
-- b.3/25/1789 d.2/12/1857 (67)Scientist
Dr. Walter S. Reed
-- b.9/13/1851 d.11/22/1902 (51)Scientist, Bacteriologist, Physician, SurgeonMisc: American Medical pioneer; proved mosquitoes transmit yellow fever; d. 11-23?
H. B. Reese
-- b.5/24/1879 d.5/16/1956 (76)Inventor, BusinesspersonMisc: Reese's Peanut Buter Cup inventor
Henri V. Regnault
-- b.7/21/1810 d.1/19/1878 (67)Chemist, Physicist, French
-- b.3/24/1897 d.11/3/1957 (60)PsychoanalystMisc: psycho analysis
-- b.7/20/1897 d.8/1/1996 (99)Chemist, Polish, Swiss
George A. Reisner
-- b.11/5/1867 d.6/6/1942 (74)Scientist, Archaeologist
-- b.9/26/1948Cosmonaut, Politician, Diplomat, Czechoslovakian, SovietMisc: the first Czech space traveler
-- b.1/22/1921 N.S. d.2/9/2013 N.S. (92)Engineer, Racing FigureMisc: in the Motorsports Hall of Fame as a motorsports engineer
-- b.2/10/1846 d.3/4/1927 (81)ChemistMisc: co-discovered saccharin
Malcolm Mackenzie Renfrew
-- b.10/12/1910 d.10/12/2013 (103)ChemistMisc: helped develop Teflon for non-sticking frying pans
-- b.12/3/1742 d.3/29/1830 (87)Geographer, Oceanographer, Historian, EnglishMisc: The leading British geographer of his time. Rennell constructed the first nearly accurate map of India and published A Bengal Atlas (1779), a work important for British strategic and administrative interests.
-- b.6/7/1761 N.S. d.10/4/1821 N.S. (60)Architect, Engineer, ScottishMisc: London Bridge designer
Judith Arlene Resnik
-- b.4/5/1949 d.1/28/1986 (36)Doctor, Engineer
Dr. David Reuben
-- b.11/29/1933Author, Doctor, PsychiatristMisc: some say b. Jul 29Book Titles: Everything You Always Wanted To Know About Sex But Were Afraid To Ask
-- b.12/21/1734 J-LD or 1/1/1735 N.S. d.5/10/1818 N.S. (83)Comic Strip Cartoonist, Engraver, Revolutionary, Inventor, StatesmanNames/Places: b. in Boston; d. in BostonMisc: Silversmith; Political; New England Patriot; False Teeth, Eye Glasses, Picture Frames, Surgical Tools, warned the colonists "The British Are Coming!"
-- b.8/23/1842 d.2/21/1912 (69)Engineer, Physicist, Educator, BritishMisc: best known for his work in hydraulics and hydrodynamics.
Joseph B. Rhine
-- b.9/29/1895 d.2/20/1980 (84)Scientist, PsychologistMisc: ESP Extra Sensory Perception
-- b.4/22/1960 N.S. d.11/26/2019 N.S. (59)Chef, Restaurateur, TV Host, EnglishTV Shows: MasterChef, MasterChef USA, Hell's Kitchen (original UK version), Rhodes Around Britain
-- b.4/19/1772 d.9/11/1823 (51)Theorist, Economist
-- b.8/31/1917 d.8/26/1989 (71)Inventor
Dr. Alexander Rich
-- b.11/15/1924 d.4/27/2015 (90)ScientistMisc: Best known for his work on the structural biology of RNA and DNA
-- b.10/30/1895 d.2/23/1973 (77)Physician, Physiologist
Ellen Henrietta Richards
-- b.12/3/1842 d.3/30/1911 (68)Chemist, EconomistNames/Places: MN: Swallow; b. Dunstable, Mass., U.S.. d. BostonMisc: founder of the home economics movement in the United States.
-- b.1/31/1868 d.4/2/1928 (60)ChemistMisc: atomic weights, Nobel-1914
Sir Owen Richardson
-- b.4/26/1879 d.2/15/1959 (79)Physicist, EnglishMisc: winner of the Nobel Prize for Physics in 1928 for his work on electron emission by hot metals, the basic principle used in vacuum tubes.
-- b.8/26/1850 d.12/4/1935 (85)Scientist, Physiologist, BritishMisc: anaphylaxis-Nobel 1913
Charles R. Richet
-- b.8/25/1913 presumed deceasedScientist, French
-- b.8/10/1895 d.11/3/1972 (77)Pilot, Actor, Singer, Pianist
-- b.3/22/1931 N.S. d.7/18/2018 N.S. (87)Scientist, Physicist, EducatorMisc: discovered J-particles, 1976 Nobel
Dr. Charles F. Richter
-- b.4/26/1900 N.S. d.9/30/1985 N.S. (85)InventorNames/Places: b. in Hamilton, Ohio; MN:FrancisMisc: Seismologist; Richter Scale that measures earthquakes
Curt Paul Richter
-- b.2/20/1894 d.12/21/1988 (94)Scientist, Biologist, PsychologistMisc: Pioneer of biorhythms
Edward V. "Eddie" Rickenbacker
-- b.10/8/1890 N.S. d.7/23/1973 N.S. (82)Aviator, Executive, Auto RacerMisc: "Ace of Aces"; WW1 & WW2 pilot; Eastern Airlines president; Indianapolis 500; Also owned the Indianapolis Motor Speedway
-- b.2/9/1871 N.S. d.5/3/1910 (39)Pathologist
Hyman George Rickover
-- b.1/27/1900 d.7/8/1986 (86)Scientist, PolishNames/Places: NN:Father of the Nuclear NavyMisc: Vice Admirial; Atomic energy expert, AP gives d. Jul 8, others say Jul 9 but incorrect
Dr. Sally Kristen Ride
-- b.5/26/1951 d.7/23/2012 (61)Astronaut, AstrophysicistNames/Places: b. in Encino, CAMisc: the first woman in space
-- b.8/12/1949Writer, Adventurer, Mountaineer, Businessperson
-- b.7/2/1850 d.3/25/1929 (78)Naturalist
Bernhard Georg Riemann
-- b.9/17/1826 d.7/20/1866 (39)Mathematician, German
Clinton E. Riggs
-- b.6/15/1910 d.5/22/1997 (86)InventorMisc: The Yield Sign
-- b.10/22/1868 d.??/??/1930Designer, EngineerMisc: Automobiles
-- b.3/17/1806 d.10/8/1894 (88)Engineer, InventorMisc: most noted for his invention of the multiple-effect evaporator, an energy-efficient means of evaporating water.
-- b.4/27/1921 d.7/28/1994 (73)Author, Psychiatrist, Australian
Robert LeRoy Ripley
-- b.12/25/1890 N.S. d.5/27/1949 N.S. (58)Cartoonist, Illustrator, Author, Writer, Anthropologist, Entrepreneur, TV HostNames/Places: b. in Santa Rosa, CABook Titles: Ripley's Believe It ot Not (creator)
-- b.12/31/1864 d.11/4/1945 (80)Astronomer
-- b.4/8/1732 d.6/26/1796 (64)Astronomer, Inventor, Mathematician, PoliticianMisc: U.S. Mint Director #1; an early observer of the atmosphere of Venus
-- b.8/7/1779 d.9/28/1859 (80)Geographer, German, PrussianMisc: the co-founder of modern science geography
Sir Gilbert Roberts
-- b.2/18/1899 d.1/1/1978 (78)Engineer, BritishMisc: pioneered new design and construction methods in a series of major bridges including the 3,300-foot (1,006-metre) Firth of Forth highway bridge in Scotland, the seventh longest in the world.
-- b.4/22/1789 d.3/16/1864 (74)Inventor, Welsh (Wales)
Richard J. Roberts
-- b.9/6/1943Biochemist, Biologist, EnglishMisc: Molecular; the winner, with Phillip A. Sharp, of the 1993 Nobel Prize for Physiology or Medicine for his independent discovery of "split genes."
-- b.2/12/1810 d.7/14/1881 (71)EngineerMisc: civil engineer
-- b.6/28/1742 d.9/1/1814 (72)Explorer, Pioneer, Settler
-- b.9/1/1868 d.11/4/1957 (89)InventorMisc: conveyor belts
-- b.12/30/1980 N.S.Chef, EnglishTV Shows: Below Deck
Sir Robert Robinson
-- b.9/13/1886 d.2/8/1975 (88)Chemist, English
-- b.2/21/1752 d.5/17/1831 (79)Revolutionary, Soldier, Pioneer
-- b.5/21/1955Engineer, Music Producer
-- b.3/24/1890 d.12/4/1984 (94)ScientistMisc: Clinician; developed birth control pill in 1944
Laurence S. Rockefeller
-- b.5/26/1910 d.7/11/2004 (94)Naturalist, ConservationistNames/Places: b. in New York City
Richard Gilder Rockefeller
-- b.1/20/1949 d.6/13/2014 (65)PhysicianNames/Places: David and Margaret's son
David C. Rockola
-- b.1/23/1897 d.1/26/1993 (96)Inventor, Manufacturer, Music FigureMisc: Jukebox developer; founder Rock-Ola Manuf. Co.
Willard F. Rockwell
-- b.3/31/1888 d.10/16/1978 (90)Engineer, BusinesspersonMisc: founded Rockwell Std & Rockwell Mfg Co.
-- b.1/15/1881 d.8/26/1926 (45)Naval Officer, AviatorMisc: WWI
Sir Alliott Verdon Roe
-- b.4/26/1877 d.1/4/1958 (80)Aviator, EnglishMisc: The first Englishman to construct and fly his own airplane.
Humphrey V. Roe
-- b.4/18/1878 d.7/26/1949 (71)Aviator
John Augustus Roebling
-- b.6/12/1806 d.7/22/1869 (63)Designer, Engineer, American, GermanMisc: Pioneered design of construction of suspension bridges incl one over the Niagra River & Brooklyn Bridge
-- b.5/26/1837 d.7/21/1926 (89)EngineerMisc: Brooklyn Bridge Builder finished the job his late father John began
Carl Ransom Rogers
-- b.1/8/1902 d.2/4/1987 (85)Author, Psychologist, Psychotherapist
William Barton Rogers
-- b.12/7/1804 d.5/30/1882 (77)Geologist, Physicist
Peter Mark Roget
-- b.1/18/1779 d.9/12/1869 (90)Lexicographer, Physician, EnglishMisc: invented the Slide Rule and pocket chessboard; d. Sep 17?Book Titles: Thesaurus of English Words & Phrases (1852)
-- b.4/14/1831 d.6/2/1896 (65)Explorer, GermanMisc: Africa
Charles Stewart Rolls
-- b.8/27/1877 d.7/27/1910 (32)Aviator, ManufacturerMisc: with F. Royce founded Rolls-Royce Ltd. in 1906; the first to fly both ways across the English Channel; d. plane crash
-- b.9/25/1644 d.9/19/1710 (65)Astronomer, Danish (Denmark)Misc: the first to accurately calculate measure the speed of lightBook Titles: aka Olaus
-- b.12/20/1899 d.1/12/1980 (80)Explorer, Geographer, NorweiganMisc: explored 3600 miles of Antarctica
Wilhelm Conrad Röntgen
-- b.3/27/1845 d.2/10/1923 (77)Physicist, GermanMisc: a recipient of the first Nobel Prize for Physics, in 1901, for his discovery of X rays in 1895, which heralded the age of modern physics and revolutionized diagnostic medicine.
Stuart Allen Roosa
-- b.8/16/1933 d.12/12/1994 (61)AstronautMisc: Apollo 14
-- b.5/5/1808 d.9/1/1865 (57)Inventor
-- b.11/8/1884 N.S. d.4/1/1922 N.S. (37)Psychiatrist, SwissMisc: devised the inkblot test that bears his name and that is widely used clinically for diagnosing psychopathology.
Steven A. Rosenberg
-- b.8/2/1940SurgeonMisc: a leading cancer researcher
-- b.5/9/1783 N.S. d.10/23/1856 N.S. (73)Explorer, Pioneer, Fur Trader, Canadian, Scottish
-- b.1/1/1752 d.1/30/1836 (84)Revolutionary, InventorNames/Places: b. in Philadelphia; RN:Elizabeth GriscomMisc: Flagmaker (1776); legend has it that she sewed the first stars and stripes flag of the United States for George Washington during the Revolution.
Sir James Clark Ross
-- b.4/15/1800 d.4/3/1862 (61)Explorer, BritishMisc: discovered North Magnetic Pole in 1831, first Antarctic explorer
Sir John Ross
-- b.6/24/1777 d.8/30/1856 (79)Explorer, ScottishMisc: British naval officer whose second Arctic expedition in search of the Northwest Passage, the North American waterway linking the Atlantic and Pacific oceans, located the north magnetic pole.
-- b.7/22/1806 d.8/6/1859 (53)Scientist, Archaeologist, German
Mary G. Ross
-- b.8/9/1908 N.S. d.4/29/2008 N.S. (99)Engineer, Native American
Sir Ronald Ross
-- b.5/13/1857 d.9/16/1932 (75)Bacteriologist, Engineer, Physician, IndiaMisc: 1902 Nobel Prize, discovered the malarial parasite.
Henry Joseph Round
-- b.6/2/1881 d.8/17/1966 (85)Engineer, EnglishMisc: electronics engineer whose numerous inventions contributed to the development of radio communications.
-- b.12/17/1853 d.11/3/1933 (79)Bacteriologist, Physician, French
Henry Augustus Rowland
-- b.11/27/1848 d.4/16/1901 (52)Scientist
Sir Frederick Henry Royce
-- b.3/27/1863 d.4/22/1933 (70)Engineer, Businessperson, EnglishMisc: founded Rolls-Royce Ltd. in 1906 with Charles Rolls
-- b.3/31/1934Inventor, Physicist, Italian
Dr. Erno Rubik
-- b.7/13/1944Inventor, Mathematician, Educator, HungarianMisc: Rubik's Cube, the puzzle that drove America nuts in 1981; when he was an infant, he had a Rubik's diaper
-- b.4/11/1923 N.S. d.2/16/2019 N.S. (95)Writer, Scientist, Psychiatrist, Psychoanalyst
-- b.7/23/1928 N.S. d.12/25/2016 N.S. (88)Astronomer
William B. Rudder
-- b.12/1/1946EngineerMisc: Chief Engineer for The American Steamship Co.
-- b.1/5/1794 d.6/18/1865 (71)ScientistMisc: Agriculture
-- b.??/??/1743 d.12/24/1792InventorMisc: the steamboat; date of birth unknown
-- b.6/22/1948Engineer, Music Producer, Composer/Songwriter, Multi-instrumentalist, Rock & Roll Singer/Guitarist, AmericanNames/Places: b. in Upper Darby, PA; now known as TR-I (Todd Rundgren Interactive)Group Names: Nazz (lead), Utopia (lead)Song Titles: I Saw the Light, Hello It's Me, Bang the Drum All Day, Wolfman Jack (featuring Wolfman Jack)Album Titles: Runt, Something/Anything?
-- b.12/24/1745 J-LD or 1/4/1746 N.S. d.4/19/1813 N.S. (67)Revolutionary, Physician, HumanitarianMisc: Declaration of Independence signer
-- b.12/25/1906 d.5/27/1988 (81)Engineer, GermanMisc: invented the electron microscope. He was awarded half of the Nobel Prize for Physics in 1986 (the other half was divided between Heinrich Rohrer and Gerd Binnig).
-- b.2/8/1819 d.1/20/1900 (80)Author, Art Critic, Theorist, Philanthropist, EnglishMisc: Gothic Revivalist (Prerafaelite)
Lord Bertrand Russell
-- b.5/18/1872 d.2/2/1970 (97)Author, Philosopher, Scientist, Mathematician, EnglishNames/Places: RN:Arthur WilliamMisc: founder of modern logic; b. 1870?
-- b.8/17/1870 d.12/29/1960 (90)ScientistMisc: developed the first successful typhoid fever vaccine
Henry Norris Russell
-- b.10/25/1877 d.2/18/1957 (79)AstronomerMisc: co-author of temperature-luminosity graph
Sir Ernest Rutherford
-- b.8/30/1871 d.10/19/1937 (66)Scientist, Physicist, New ZealandMisc: discovered the atomic nucleus; Nobel 1908; a pioneer of nuclear physics and the first to split the atom
Lewis Morris Rutherfurd
-- b.11/25/1816 N.S. d.5/30/1892 (75)AstronomerMisc: made the first telescope designed for celestial photography
-- b.9/13/1887 N.S. d.9/26/1976 N.S. (89)Chemist, Croatian
-- b.3/18/1947Writer, Biologist, Model, PlaymateMisc: July 1967
-- b.11/12/1926 d.8/13/1991 (64)InventorMisc: 1000 patents including Barbie doll & Military Missles (do you see any connection?), also Hot Wheels
Sir Martin Ryle
-- b.9/27/1918 d.10/14/1984 (66)Astronomer, British