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You are at the section Science and Tech Birthdays a2z


Last Updated 06-02-2020

François Rabelais -- b.??/??/1494 or ??/??/1483 d.4/9/1553
Writer, Satirist, Physicist, French

Isidor Isaac "I.I." Rabi -- b.7/29/1898 d.1/11/1988 (89)
Physicist, Austrian
Misc: atom explorer-Nobel 1944

John Rae -- b.9/30/1813 N.S. d.7/22/1893 N.S. (79)
Explorer, Physician, Surgeon, Scottish
Misc: of the Canadian Arctic

Dr. Froelich Rainey -- b.6/18/1907 d.10/11/1992 (85)
Anthropologist, Director
Misc: of the University of Pennsylvania Museum

James Rainwater -- b.12/9/1917 d.5/31/1986 (68)
Misc: atomic nuclei shapes

Sir Walter Raleigh -- b.1/22/1552 J-LD d.10/29/1618 J-LD (66)
Poet, Soldier, Explorer, Navigator, Outlaw, Courtier, English
Misc: was accused of trason in a plot to oust King James I and was beheaded.

Venkata Raman -- b.11/7/1888 d.11/21/1970 (82)
Physicist, India

Gordon Ramsay -- b.11/8/1966
Chef, Scottish
TV Shows: Hell's Kitchen (ITV)

Sir William Ramsay -- b.10/2/1852 d.7/23/1916 (63)
Chemist, Scottish
Misc: discovered neon, krypton and xenon, co-discovered argon, radon, calcium and barium, 1904 Nobel.

Jesse Ramsden -- b.10/6/1735 d.11/5/1800 (65)
Inventor, English
Misc: pioneer in the design of precision tools.

Norman Foster Ramsey -- b.8/27/1915 d.11/4/2011 (96)

William M. J. Rankine -- b.7/5/1820 d.12/24/1872 (52)
Engineer, Physicist, Publisher, Scottish

Knud Rasmussen -- b.6/7/1879 d.12/21/1933 (54)
Misc: Danish-Greenlandian; Arctic pole explorer

Dixy Lee Ray -- b.9/3/1914 d.1/2/1994 (79)
Explorer, Governor
Misc: at age 12 was the youngest girl to climb Mt. Rainer in Washington

John Ray -- b.11/29/1627 J-LD d.1/17/1705 J-LD (77)
Naturalist, British

Rachael Ray -- b.8/25/1968
Chef, TV Hostess
TV Shows: Rachael Ray's Tasty Travels, $40 a Day, 30 Minute Meals, Rachael Ray Show

Lord John William Strutt Rayleigh -- b.11/12/1842 d.6/30/1919 (76)
Physicist, English
Misc: chancellor of Cambridge (1908-14); co-discovered argon, 1904 Nobel

Albert C. Read -- b.3/29/1887 d.10/10/1967 (80)
Naval Officer, Aviator

Grote Reber -- b.12/22/1911 d.12/20/2002 (90)
Misc: radio engineer who built the first radio telescope and was largely responsible for the early development of radio astronomy, which opened an entirely new research front in the study of the universe.

Gaston Rébuffat -- b.5/7/1921 d.5/31/1985 (64)
Author, Mountaineer, French
Misc: Mountain climber

Red Baron-The -- b.5/2/1892 d.4/21/1918 (25)
Aviator, German
Names/Places: RN:Manfred Von Ricthoven; NN: The Red Baron
Misc: he shot down more than 80 enemy aircraft during World War I and became known as "The Red Baron."

William Charles Redfield -- b.3/25/1789 d.2/12/1857 (67)

Dr. Walter S. Reed -- b.9/13/1851 d.11/22/1902 (51)
Scientist, Bacteriologist, Physician, Surgeon
Misc: American Medical pioneer; proved mosquitoes transmit yellow fever; d. 11-23?

H. B. Reese -- b.5/24/1879 d.5/16/1956 (76)
Inventor, Businessperson
Misc: Reese's Peanut Buter Cup inventor

Henri V. Regnault -- b.7/21/1810 d.1/19/1878 (67)
Chemist, Physicist, French

Wilhelm Reich -- b.3/24/1897 d.11/3/1957 (60)
Misc: psycho analysis

Tadeus Reichstein -- b.7/20/1897 d.8/1/1996 (99)
Chemist, Polish, Swiss

George A. Reisner -- b.11/5/1867 d.6/6/1942 (74)
Scientist, Archaeologist

Vladimír Remek -- b.9/26/1948
Cosmonaut, Politician, Diplomat, Czechoslovakian, Soviet
Misc: the first Czech space traveler

Phil Remington -- b.1/22/1921 N.S. d.2/9/2013 N.S. (92)
Engineer, Racing Figure
Misc: in the Motorsports Hall of Fame as a motorsports engineer

Ira Remsen -- b.2/10/1846 d.3/4/1927 (81)
Misc: co-discovered saccharin

Malcolm Mackenzie Renfrew -- b.10/12/1910 d.10/12/2013 (103)
Misc: helped develop Teflon for non-sticking frying pans

James Rennell -- b.12/3/1742 d.3/29/1830 (87)
Geographer, Oceanographer, Historian, English
Misc: The leading British geographer of his time. Rennell constructed the first nearly accurate map of India and published A Bengal Atlas (1779), a work important for British strategic and administrative interests.

John Rennie -- b.6/7/1761 N.S. d.10/4/1821 N.S. (60)
Architect, Engineer, Scottish
Misc: London Bridge designer

Judith Arlene Resnik -- b.4/5/1949 d.1/28/1986 (36)
Doctor, Engineer

Dr. David Reuben -- b.11/29/1933
Author, Doctor, Psychiatrist
Misc: some say b. Jul 29
Book Titles: Everything You Always Wanted To Know About Sex But Were Afraid To Ask

Paul Revere -- b.12/21/1734 J-LD or 1/1/1735 N.S. d.5/10/1818 N.S. (83)
Comic Strip Cartoonist, Engraver, Revolutionary, Inventor, Statesman
Names/Places: b. in Boston; d. in Boston
Misc: Silversmith; Political; New England Patriot; False Teeth, Eye Glasses, Picture Frames, Surgical Tools, warned the colonists "The British Are Coming!"

Osborne Reynolds -- b.8/23/1842 d.2/21/1912 (69)
Engineer, Physicist, Educator, British
Misc: best known for his work in hydraulics and hydrodynamics.

Joseph B. Rhine -- b.9/29/1895 d.2/20/1980 (84)
Scientist, Psychologist
Misc: ESP Extra Sensory Perception

Gary Rhodes -- b.4/22/1960 N.S. d.11/26/2019 N.S. (59)
Chef, Restaurateur, TV Host, English
TV Shows: MasterChef, MasterChef USA, Hell's Kitchen (original UK version), Rhodes Around Britain

David Ricardo -- b.4/19/1772 d.9/11/1823 (51)
Theorist, Economist

Paul Rice -- b.8/31/1917 d.8/26/1989 (71)

Dr. Alexander Rich -- b.11/15/1924 d.4/27/2015 (90)
Misc: Best known for his work on the structural biology of RNA and DNA

Dickinson Richards -- b.10/30/1895 d.2/23/1973 (77)
Physician, Physiologist

Ellen Henrietta Richards -- b.12/3/1842 d.3/30/1911 (68)
Chemist, Economist
Names/Places: MN: Swallow; b. Dunstable, Mass., U.S.. d. Boston
Misc: founder of the home economics movement in the United States.

Theodore Richards -- b.1/31/1868 d.4/2/1928 (60)
Misc: atomic weights, Nobel-1914

Sir Owen Richardson -- b.4/26/1879 d.2/15/1959 (79)
Physicist, English
Misc: winner of the Nobel Prize for Physics in 1928 for his work on electron emission by hot metals, the basic principle used in vacuum tubes.

Charles Richet -- b.8/26/1850 d.12/4/1935 (85)
Scientist, Physiologist, British
Misc: anaphylaxis-Nobel 1913

Charles R. Richet -- b.8/25/1913 presumed deceased
Scientist, French

Harry Richman -- b.8/10/1895 d.11/3/1972 (77)
Pilot, Actor, Singer, Pianist

Burton Richter -- b.3/22/1931 N.S. d.7/18/2018 N.S. (87)
Scientist, Physicist, Educator
Misc: discovered J-particles, 1976 Nobel

Dr. Charles F. Richter -- b.4/26/1900 N.S. d.9/30/1985 N.S. (85)
Names/Places: b. in Hamilton, Ohio; MN:Francis
Misc: Seismologist; Richter Scale that measures earthquakes

Curt Paul Richter -- b.2/20/1894 d.12/21/1988 (94)
Scientist, Biologist, Psychologist
Misc: Pioneer of biorhythms

Edward V. "Eddie" Rickenbacker -- b.10/8/1890 N.S. d.7/23/1973 N.S. (82)
Aviator, Executive, Auto Racer
Misc: "Ace of Aces"; WW1 & WW2 pilot; Eastern Airlines president; Indianapolis 500; Also owned the Indianapolis Motor Speedway

Howard Ricketts -- b.2/9/1871 N.S. d.5/3/1910 (39)

Hyman George Rickover -- b.1/27/1900 d.7/8/1986 (86)
Scientist, Polish
Names/Places: NN:Father of the Nuclear Navy
Misc: Vice Admirial; Atomic energy expert, AP gives d. Jul 8, others say Jul 9 but incorrect

Dr. Sally Kristen Ride -- b.5/26/1951 d.7/23/2012 (61)
Astronaut, Astrophysicist
Names/Places: b. in Encino, CA
Misc: the first woman in space

Rick Ridgeway -- b.8/12/1949
Writer, Adventurer, Mountaineer, Businessperson

Robert Ridgway -- b.7/2/1850 d.3/25/1929 (78)

Bernhard Georg Riemann -- b.9/17/1826 d.7/20/1866 (39)
Mathematician, German

Clinton E. Riggs -- b.6/15/1910 d.5/22/1997 (86)
Misc: The Yield Sign

Andrew Riker -- b.10/22/1868 d.??/??/1930
Designer, Engineer
Misc: Automobiles

Norbert Rillieux -- b.3/17/1806 d.10/8/1894 (88)
Engineer, Inventor
Misc: most noted for his invention of the multiple-effect evaporator, an energy-efficient means of evaporating water.

Erwin Ringel -- b.4/27/1921 d.7/28/1994 (73)
Author, Psychiatrist, Australian

Robert LeRoy Ripley -- b.12/25/1890 N.S. d.5/27/1949 N.S. (58)
Cartoonist, Illustrator, Author, Writer, Anthropologist, Entrepreneur, TV Host
Names/Places: b. in Santa Rosa, CA
Book Titles: Ripley's Believe It ot Not (creator)

George Ritchey -- b.12/31/1864 d.11/4/1945 (80)

David Rittenhouse -- b.4/8/1732 d.6/26/1796 (64)
Astronomer, Inventor, Mathematician, Politician
Misc: U.S. Mint Director #1; an early observer of the atmosphere of Venus

Karl Ritter -- b.8/7/1779 d.9/28/1859 (80)
Geographer, German, Prussian
Misc: the co-founder of modern science geography

Sir Gilbert Roberts -- b.2/18/1899 d.1/1/1978 (78)
Engineer, British
Misc: pioneered new design and construction methods in a series of major bridges including the 3,300-foot (1,006-metre) Firth of Forth highway bridge in Scotland, the seventh longest in the world.

Richard Roberts -- b.4/22/1789 d.3/16/1864 (74)
Inventor, Welsh (Wales)

Richard J. Roberts -- b.9/6/1943
Biochemist, Biologist, English
Misc: Molecular; the winner, with Phillip A. Sharp, of the 1993 Nobel Prize for Physiology or Medicine for his independent discovery of "split genes."

William Roberts -- b.2/12/1810 d.7/14/1881 (71)
Misc: civil engineer

James Robertson -- b.6/28/1742 d.9/1/1814 (72)
Explorer, Pioneer, Settler

Thomas Robins -- b.9/1/1868 d.11/4/1957 (89)
Misc: conveyor belts

Ben Robinson -- b.12/30/1980 N.S.
Chef, English
TV Shows: Below Deck

Sir Robert Robinson -- b.9/13/1886 d.2/8/1975 (88)
Chemist, English

Nathaniel Rochester -- b.2/21/1752 d.5/17/1831 (79)
Revolutionary, Soldier, Pioneer

Bob Rock -- b.5/21/1955
Engineer, Music Producer

John Rock -- b.3/24/1890 d.12/4/1984 (94)
Misc: Clinician; developed birth control pill in 1944

Laurence S. Rockefeller -- b.5/26/1910 d.7/11/2004 (94)
Naturalist, Conservationist
Names/Places: b. in New York City

Richard Gilder Rockefeller -- b.1/20/1949 d.6/13/2014 (65)
Names/Places: David and Margaret's son

David C. Rockola -- b.1/23/1897 d.1/26/1993 (96)
Inventor, Manufacturer, Music Figure
Misc: Jukebox developer; founder Rock-Ola Manuf. Co.

Willard F. Rockwell -- b.3/31/1888 d.10/16/1978 (90)
Engineer, Businessperson
Misc: founded Rockwell Std & Rockwell Mfg Co.

John Rodgers -- b.1/15/1881 d.8/26/1926 (45)
Naval Officer, Aviator
Misc: WWI

Sir Alliott Verdon Roe -- b.4/26/1877 d.1/4/1958 (80)
Aviator, English
Misc: The first Englishman to construct and fly his own airplane.

Humphrey V. Roe -- b.4/18/1878 d.7/26/1949 (71)

John Augustus Roebling -- b.6/12/1806 d.7/22/1869 (63)
Designer, Engineer, American, German
Misc: Pioneered design of construction of suspension bridges incl one over the Niagra River & Brooklyn Bridge

Washington Roebling -- b.5/26/1837 d.7/21/1926 (89)
Misc: Brooklyn Bridge Builder finished the job his late father John began

Carl Ransom Rogers -- b.1/8/1902 d.2/4/1987 (85)
Author, Psychologist, Psychotherapist

William Barton Rogers -- b.12/7/1804 d.5/30/1882 (77)
Geologist, Physicist

Peter Mark Roget -- b.1/18/1779 d.9/12/1869 (90)
Lexicographer, Physician, English
Misc: invented the Slide Rule and pocket chessboard; d. Sep 17?
Book Titles: Thesaurus of English Words & Phrases (1852)

Friedrich Rohlfs -- b.4/14/1831 d.6/2/1896 (65)
Explorer, German
Misc: Africa

Charles Stewart Rolls -- b.8/27/1877 d.7/27/1910 (32)
Aviator, Manufacturer
Misc: with F. Royce founded Rolls-Royce Ltd. in 1906; the first to fly both ways across the English Channel; d. plane crash

Ole Rømer -- b.9/25/1644 d.9/19/1710 (65)
Astronomer, Danish (Denmark)
Misc: the first to accurately calculate measure the speed of light
Book Titles: aka Olaus

Finn Ronne -- b.12/20/1899 d.1/12/1980 (80)
Explorer, Geographer, Norweigan
Misc: explored 3600 miles of Antarctica

Wilhelm Conrad Röntgen -- b.3/27/1845 d.2/10/1923 (77)
Physicist, German
Misc: a recipient of the first Nobel Prize for Physics, in 1901, for his discovery of X rays in 1895, which heralded the age of modern physics and revolutionized diagnostic medicine.

Stuart Allen Roosa -- b.8/16/1933 d.12/12/1994 (61)
Misc: Apollo 14

Elisha Root -- b.5/5/1808 d.9/1/1865 (57)

Herman Rorshcach -- b.11/8/1884 N.S. d.4/1/1922 N.S. (37)
Psychiatrist, Swiss
Misc: devised the inkblot test that bears his name and that is widely used clinically for diagnosing psychopathology.

Steven A. Rosenberg -- b.8/2/1940
Misc: a leading cancer researcher

Alexander Ross -- b.5/9/1783 N.S. d.10/23/1856 N.S. (73)
Explorer, Pioneer, Fur Trader, Canadian, Scottish

Betsy Ross -- b.1/1/1752 d.1/30/1836 (84)
Revolutionary, Inventor
Names/Places: b. in Philadelphia; RN:Elizabeth Griscom
Misc: Flagmaker (1776); legend has it that she sewed the first stars and stripes flag of the United States for George Washington during the Revolution.

Sir James Clark Ross -- b.4/15/1800 d.4/3/1862 (61)
Explorer, British
Misc: discovered North Magnetic Pole in 1831, first Antarctic explorer

Sir John Ross -- b.6/24/1777 d.8/30/1856 (79)
Explorer, Scottish
Misc: British naval officer whose second Arctic expedition in search of the Northwest Passage, the North American waterway linking the Atlantic and Pacific oceans, located the north magnetic pole.

Ludwig Ross -- b.7/22/1806 d.8/6/1859 (53)
Scientist, Archaeologist, German

Mary G. Ross -- b.8/9/1908 N.S. d.4/29/2008 N.S. (99)
Engineer, Native American

Sir Ronald Ross -- b.5/13/1857 d.9/16/1932 (75)
Bacteriologist, Engineer, Physician, India
Misc: 1902 Nobel Prize, discovered the malarial parasite.

Henry Joseph Round -- b.6/2/1881 d.8/17/1966 (85)
Engineer, English
Misc: electronics engineer whose numerous inventions contributed to the development of radio communications.

Pierre Roux -- b.12/17/1853 d.11/3/1933 (79)
Bacteriologist, Physician, French

Henry Augustus Rowland -- b.11/27/1848 d.4/16/1901 (52)

Sir Frederick Henry Royce -- b.3/27/1863 d.4/22/1933 (70)
Engineer, Businessperson, English
Misc: founded Rolls-Royce Ltd. in 1906 with Charles Rolls

Carlo Rubbia -- b.3/31/1934
Inventor, Physicist, Italian

Dr. Erno Rubik -- b.7/13/1944
Inventor, Mathematician, Educator, Hungarian
Misc: Rubik's Cube, the puzzle that drove America nuts in 1981; when he was an infant, he had a Rubik's diaper

Theodore Rubin -- b.4/11/1923 N.S. d.2/16/2019 N.S. (95)
Writer, Scientist, Psychiatrist, Psychoanalyst

Vera Rubin -- b.7/23/1928 N.S. d.12/25/2016 N.S. (88)

William B. Rudder -- b.12/1/1946
Misc: Chief Engineer for The American Steamship Co.

Edmund Ruffin -- b.1/5/1794 d.6/18/1865 (71)
Misc: Agriculture

James Rumsey -- b.??/??/1743 d.12/24/1792
Misc: the steamboat; date of birth unknown

Todd Rundgren -- b.6/22/1948
Engineer, Music Producer, Composer/Songwriter, Multi-instrumentalist, Rock & Roll Singer/Guitarist, American
Names/Places: b. in Upper Darby, PA; now known as TR-I (Todd Rundgren Interactive)
Group Names: Nazz (lead), Utopia (lead)
Song Titles: I Saw the Light, Hello It's Me, Bang the Drum All Day, Wolfman Jack (featuring Wolfman Jack)
Album Titles: Runt, Something/Anything?

Benjamin Rush -- b.12/24/1745 J-LD or 1/4/1746 N.S. d.4/19/1813 N.S. (67)
Revolutionary, Physician, Humanitarian
Misc: Declaration of Independence signer

Ernst Ruska -- b.12/25/1906 d.5/27/1988 (81)
Engineer, German
Misc: invented the electron microscope. He was awarded half of the Nobel Prize for Physics in 1986 (the other half was divided between Heinrich Rohrer and Gerd Binnig).

John Ruskin -- b.2/8/1819 d.1/20/1900 (80)
Author, Art Critic, Theorist, Philanthropist, English
Misc: Gothic Revivalist (Prerafaelite)

Lord Bertrand Russell -- b.5/18/1872 d.2/2/1970 (97)
Author, Philosopher, Scientist, Mathematician, English
Names/Places: RN:Arthur William
Misc: founder of modern logic; b. 1870?

Frederick Russell -- b.8/17/1870 d.12/29/1960 (90)
Misc: developed the first successful typhoid fever vaccine

Henry Norris Russell -- b.10/25/1877 d.2/18/1957 (79)
Misc: co-author of temperature-luminosity graph

Sir Ernest Rutherford -- b.8/30/1871 d.10/19/1937 (66)
Scientist, Physicist, New Zealand
Misc: discovered the atomic nucleus; Nobel 1908; a pioneer of nuclear physics and the first to split the atom

Lewis Morris Rutherfurd -- b.11/25/1816 N.S. d.5/30/1892 (75)
Misc: made the first telescope designed for celestial photography

Leopold Ružička -- b.9/13/1887 N.S. d.9/26/1976 N.S. (89)
Chemist, Croatian

Heather Ryan -- b.3/18/1947
Writer, Biologist, Model, Playmate
Misc: July 1967

Jack Ryan -- b.11/12/1926 d.8/13/1991 (64)
Misc: 1000 patents including Barbie doll & Military Missles (do you see any connection?), also Hot Wheels

Sir Martin Ryle -- b.9/27/1918 d.10/14/1984 (66)
Astronomer, British

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